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Gero Andreas Miesenböck (born 1965)[1] FRS[8] is Waynflete Professor of Physiology and Director of the Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour (CNCB)[9] at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford.[citation needed]

Gero Miesenböck
FRS
Gero Miesenböck FRS.jpg
Gero Andreas Miesenböck at the Royal Society admissions day in London, July 2015
BornGero Andreas Miesenböck
(1965-07-15) 15 July 1965 (age 53)[1][2]
Alma mater
Known forOptogenetics
Awards
Scientific career
FieldsNeuroscience
Institutions
Websitewww.cncb.ox.ac.uk/the-science/research-groups/miesenboeck-group/

Contents

Education and early lifeEdit

A native of Austria,[2] Miesenböck was educated at the University of Innsbruck and Umeå University in Sweden.[1] He graduated sub auspiciis praesidentis rei publicae[2] from the University of Innsbruck Medical School. Following his Doctor of Medicine (MD) in 1993,[10] he undertook postdoctoral training with James Rothman.[11][12]

Research and careerEdit

Miesenböck is known as the founder of optogenetics.[13][14][15][16][17][18] He was the first scientist to modify nerve cells genetically so that their electrical activity could be controlled with light.[13] This involved inserting DNA for light-responsive opsin proteins into the cells.[13] Miesenböck used similar genetic modifications to breed animals whose brains contained light-responsive nerve cells integrated into their circuitry, and was the first to demonstrate that the behaviour of these animals could be remote-controlled.[14][17][19]

The principle of optogenetic control established by Miesenböck[13][14] has been widely adopted, generalised to other biological systems, and technically improved.[20][21][22] Most of Miesenböck's work continues to be done with Drosophila melanogaster (fruit flies), where it is possible to gain detailed insight into molecular, cellular, and physiological mechanisms of brain function that may relate to human health.[23]

Before being appointed to the Waynflete Professorship in 2007, Miesenböck held faculty positions at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Yale University.[citation needed]

Awards and honoursEdit

In 2001, he received the Beckman Young Investigators Award.[24] In 2012 Miesenböck was awarded the InBev-Baillet Latour International Health Prize[3] for "pioneering optogenetic approaches to manipulate neuronal activity and to control animal behaviour". In 2013 he shared the Brain Prize[4] with Ernst Bamberg, Edward Boyden, Karl Deisseroth, Peter Hegemann and Georg Nagel, and the Jacob Heskel Gabbay Award in Biotechnology and Medicine[5] with Edward Boyden and Karl Deisseroth. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2015.[8] His certificate of election reads:

In 2015 he received the Heinrich Wieland Prize[6] "for his breakthrough concept of optogenetics and its proof of principle" and in 2016 the Wilhelm Exner Medal[26]

Miesenböck was elected a member of the European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) in 2008,[27] and a member of the Academy of Medical Sciences, United Kingdom in 2012,[1] the Austrian Academy of Sciences in 2014,[28] and the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina in 2016.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e MIESENBÖCK, Prof. Gero. ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 2008 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.   (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c "Curriculum vitae: Gero Miesenböck, M.D" (PDF). inbevbailletlatour.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 June 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Le Prix de la Santé". Fondsbailletlatour.com. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Prize Winners 2013 – Grete Lundbeck European Brain Research Foundation". Thebrainprize.org. 15 September 2015. Archived from the original on 13 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Past Winners | Brandeis University". Brandeis.edu. Archived from the original on 30 September 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Heinrich Wieland Prize – Heinrich Wieland Prize – Homepage". Heinrich-wieland-prize.de. Archived from the original on 30 October 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  7. ^ "BBVA Awards – 2015 Laureates". Fbbva.es. Archived from the original on 25 February 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  8. ^ a b Anon (2015). "Professor Gero Miesenböck FMedSci FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 7 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour, University of Oxford".
  10. ^ Miesenböck, Gero Andreas (1991). Relationship of Triglyceride and High Density Lipoprotein Metabolism (MD thesis). University of Innsbruck.
  11. ^ Miesenbock, G.; Rothman, J. E. (1997). "Patterns of synaptic activity in neural networks recorded by light emission from synaptolucins". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 94 (7): 3402–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.94.7.3402. PMC 20382. PMID 9096406.
  12. ^ Miesenböck, G.; De Angelis, D. A.; Rothman, J. E. (1998). "Visualizing secretion and synaptic transmission with pH-sensitive green fluorescent proteins". Nature. 394 (6689): 192–195. doi:10.1038/28190. PMID 9671304.
  13. ^ a b c d Zemelman, B. V.; Lee, G. A.; Ng, M.; Miesenböck, G. (2002). "Selective photostimulation of genetically chARGed neurons". Neuron. 33 (1): 15–22. doi:10.1016/S0896-6273(01)00574-8. PMID 11779476.
  14. ^ a b c Lima, S. Q.; Miesenböck, G. (2005). "Remote control of behavior through genetically targeted photostimulation of neurons". Cell. 121 (1): 141–152. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2005.02.004. PMID 15820685.
  15. ^ Miesenböck, G. (2008). "Lighting up the brain". Scientific American. 299 (4): 52–59. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1008-52. PMID 18847085.
  16. ^ Miesenböck, G. (2009). "The optogenetic catechism". Science. 326 (5951): 395–399. doi:10.1126/science.1174520. PMID 19833960.
  17. ^ a b "Gero Miesenboeck: Re-engineering the brain | TED Talk". TED.com. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  18. ^ Zimmer, Carl. "An Off-or-On Switch for Controlling Animals?". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 April 2005.[dead link]
  19. ^ Boyden, E. S.; Zhang, F.; Bamberg, E.; Nagel, G.; Deisseroth, K. (2005). "Millisecond-timescale, genetically targeted optical control of neural activity". Nature Neuroscience. 8 (9): 1263–1268. doi:10.1038/nn1525. PMID 16116447.
  20. ^ Wells, W. A. (2007). "Gero Miesenböck: Instructing the nervous system". The Journal of Cell Biology. 177 (3): 374–375. doi:10.1083/jcb.1773pi. PMC 2064810. PMID 17485485.
  21. ^ Miesenböck, G. (2011). "Optogenetic control of cells and circuits". Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 27: 731–758. doi:10.1146/annurev-cellbio-100109-104051. PMC 3759011. PMID 21819234.
  22. ^ Claridge-Chang, A.; Roorda, R. D.; Vrontou, E.; Sjulson, L.; Li, H.; Hirsh, J.; Miesenböck, G. (2009). "Writing memories with light-addressable reinforcement circuitry". Cell. 139 (2): 405–415. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2009.08.034. PMID 19837039.
  23. ^ "Gero Miesenboeck". Arnold and Mabel Beckman Foundation. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  24. ^ Anon (2015). "Certificate of election EC/2015/29: Miesenbock, Gero". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 7 October 2015.
  25. ^ "Awardees". Wilmelm Exner Stiftung. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  26. ^ "EMBO MEMBER: Gero Miesenböck". European Molecular Biology Organization. 2016. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016.
  27. ^ Gero Miesenböck. "Korrespondierende Mitglieder der mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse im Ausland". Oeaw.ac.at. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.