James Edward Rothman (November 3, 1950 – ) is an American biochemist. He is the Fergus F. Wallace Professor of Biomedical Sciences at Yale University, the Chairman of the Department of Cell Biology at Yale School of Medicine, and the Director of the Nanobiology Institute at the Yale West Campus. Rothman also concurrently serves as adjunct professor of physiology and cellular biophysics at Columbia University and a research professor at the UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology, University College London. Rothman was awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for his work on vesicle trafficking (shared with Randy Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof). He received many other honors including the King Faisal International Prize in 1996, the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University and the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research both in 2002.
James Edward Rothman
November 3, 1950
|Thesis||Transbilayer asymmetry and its maintenance in biological membranes (1976)|
|Academic advisors||Harvey Lodish|
|Notable students||Gero Miesenböck (postdoc)|
Rothman earned his high school diploma from Pomfret School in 1967, then received his B.A. in physics at Yale University in 1971 and his Ph.D. in biological chemistry at Harvard in 1976 working with Eugene Patrick Kennedy.
Career and researchEdit
Following his PhD, Rothman did postdoctoral research with Harvey Lodish at Massachusetts Institute of Technology working on glycosylation of membrane proteins. He moved to the Department of Biochemistry at Stanford University in 1978. He was at Princeton University, from 1988 to 1991, before coming to New York to found the Department of Cellular Biochemistry and Biophysics at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, where he also served as vice chairman of Sloan-Kettering Institute. In 2003, he left Sloan-Kettering to become a professor of physiology at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons and the head of Columbia's Center for Chemical Biology. He moved from Columbia to Yale in 2008, retaining a part-time appointment at Columbia. Since 2013 he is also holding a position as Distinguished Professor-in-Residence at the Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies of ShanghaiTech University.
Rothman's research details how vesicles—tiny sac-like structures that transport hormones, growth factors, and other molecules within cells—know how to reach their correct destination and where and when to release their contents. This cellular trafficking underlies many critical physiological functions, including the propagation of the cell itself in division, communication between nerve cells in the brain, secretion of insulin and other hormones in the body, and nutrient uptake. Defects in this process lead to a wide variety of conditions, including diabetes and botulism.
Awards and honorsEdit
Rothman was awarded the 2013 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine together with Randy Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof for "their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells."
- "James E. Rothman, Faculty: Yale Department of Chemistry". Chem.yale.edu. Archived from the original on December 11, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- Miesenböck, G.; Rothman, J. E. (1997). "Patterns of synaptic activity in neural networks recorded by light emission from synaptolucins". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 94 (7): 3402–3407. doi:10.1073/pnas.94.7.3402. PMC 20382. PMID 9096406.
- Miesenböck, G.; De Angelis, D. A.; Rothman, J. E. (1998). "Visualizing secretion and synaptic transmission with pH-sensitive green fluorescent proteins". Nature. 394 (6689): 192–195. doi:10.1038/28190. PMID 9671304.
- "James E Rothman". Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "P&S Adjunct Faculty Member Wins 2013 Nobel Prize". Columbia Newsroom. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "KFIP Winners Archive" (PDF). King Faisal Foundation.
- Neill, Ushma S. (2015). "A conversation with James Rothman". Journal of Clinical Investigation. 125 (2): 460–461. doi:10.1172/JCI80641. ISSN 0021-9738. PMC 4319411. PMID 25642705.
- Wickner, W. T. (2013). "Profile of Thomas Sudhof, James Rothman, and Randy Schekman, 2013 Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110 (46): 18349–18350. doi:10.1073/pnas.1319309110. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 3832004. PMID 24158482.
- "Yale's James Rothman shares 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine". Yale News. October 7, 2013. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "Leading Cell Biologist Joins Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons". Columbia Medical Center Newsroom. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "ShanghaiTech professor named 'Highly Cited Researcher'". Retrieved March 7, 2017.
- James Rothman's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
- "JAMES ROTHMAN". Kavlifoundation.org. September 6, 2010. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- Altman, Lawrence (October 7, 2013). "3 Win Joint Nobel Prize in Medicine". NY Times. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "James E. Rothman, Ph.D. '76, Shares Nobel Prize for Medicine". Harvard Magazine. October 7, 2013. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013". Nobel Prize. Retrieved October 7, 2013.