Ronald M. Evans
Ronald Mark Evans (born April 17, 1949 in Los Angeles) is an American Biologist, Professor and Head of the Salk’s Gene Expression Laboratory, and the March of Dimes Chair in Molecular and Developmental Biology at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator. Dr. Ronald M. Evans is known for his original discoveries of nuclear hormone receptors (NR), a special class of transcriptional factor, and the elucidation of their universal mechanism of action, a process that governs how lipophilic hormones and drugs regulate virtually every developmental and metabolic pathway in animals and humans. Nowadays, NRs are among the most widely investigated group of pharmaceutical targets in the world, already yielding benefits in drug discovery for cancer, muscular dystrophies, osteoporosis, type II diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular diseases. His current research focuses on the function of nuclear hormone signaling and their function in metabolism and cancer.
Ronald M. Evans
He received his Bachelor of Science and PhD degrees from UCLA, followed by a postdoctoral training at Rockefeller University with James E. Darnell He became a faculty member at the Salk Institute in 1978 and Adjunct Professor in Biology, Biomedical Sciences, Neuroscience at UCSD (1985, 1989, 1995). He was named March of Dimes Chair in Molecular and Developmental Neurobiology at the Salk Institute in 1998.
His work on nuclear receptor was well recognized, thus he is a recipient of more than 40 nationally or internationally acclaimed awards and honors. In 2003 he was awarded the March of Dimes Prize in Developmental Biology. He received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (2004). He is also recipient of the Harvey Prize (2006), the Gairdner Foundation International Award (2006), the Albany Medical Center Prize (2007), the Wolf Prize in Medicine (2012) and the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize (2018). He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences since 1989, a member of American Society for Microbiology since 1993, a member of American Academy of Arts and Sciences since 1997, a member of the National Academy of Medicine since 2003, a member of European Molecular Biology Organization since 2006, an elected fellow of the American Association for Cancer Research in 2014, named AAAS fellow in 2018 and a member of the National Academy of Inventors in 2018. Consistent with the broad impact of his work, he is listed by the Institute of Scientific Information as one of the most cited scientists of the past decade.
Members of the nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily of ligand-regulated transcription factors play important roles in reproduction, development, and physiology. In humans, genetic mutations in NRs are causes of rare diseases, while hormones and drugs that target NRs are in widespread therapeutic use. In 80s, Dr. Evans successfully cloned the first nuclear hormone receptor, the human glucocorticoid receptor. This action led to the finding of a superfamily of nuclear hormone receptors, all with similar molecular and genetic structures. Other of his pioneering studies include investigate hormones’ normal activities and their roles in disease, including a major discovery of nuclear hormone receptors, which respond to steroid hormones, vitamin A, vitamin D, thyroid hormones, and bile acids. By targeting genes these receptors help control sugar, salt, calcium, cholesterol, and fat metabolism. They are primary targets in breast, prostate, and pancreatic cancers and leukemia treatment and have therapeutic roles in chronic inflammation, osteoporosis, and type 2 diabetes and asthma. His muscle metabolism studies led to the discovery of exercise mimetics, which promote the benefits of fitness without training and may help battle the obesity epidemic, diabetes, heart disease, and frailty.
- 2018 The Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize (shared with Pierre Chambon and Bert W. O’Malley)
- 2012 The Wolf Prize in Medicine
- 2007 The Albany Medical Center Prize (shared with Solomon H. Snyder and Robert J. Lefkowitz)
- 2006 The Harvey Prize:"Discovery of a super-family of genes encoding nuclear hormone receptors and the elucidation of their universal ability to affect gene expression and thereby virtually every developmental and metabolic pathway."
- 2006 The Gairdner Foundation International Award
- 1995 The Dickson Prize
- 2005 The Grande Médaille D'Or (Grand Gold Medal) 
- 2005 The Glenn T. Seaborg Medal 
- 2004 The Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (shared with Pierre Chambon and Elwood V. Jensen)
- 2003 The Keio Medical Science Prize
- 1999 The Fred Conrad Koch award
- 1994 California Scientist of the Year
- 1993 The Edwin B. Astwood Lecture award
- Glaser, V. (2003). "An Interview with Ronald M. Evans, Ph.D. Investigator, the Salk Institute for Biological Studies". ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies. 1 (6): 749–754. doi:10.1089/154065803772613381. PMID 15090221.
- Glaser, Vicki (December 2003). "An Interview with Ronald M. Evans, Ph.D. Investigator, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies". ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies. 1 (6): 749–754. doi:10.1089/154065803772613381. ISSN 1540-658X. PMID 15090221.
- Evans, R. M. (1988). "The steroid and thyroid hormone receptor superfamily". Science. 240 (4854): 889–895. Bibcode:1988Sci...240..889E. doi:10.1126/science.3283939. PMC 6159881. PMID 3283939.
- Mangelsdorf, D. J.; Thummel, C.; Beato, M.; Herrlich, P.; Schütz, G.; Umesono, K.; Blumberg, B.; Kastner, P.; Mark, M.; Chambon, P.; Evans, R. M. (1995). "The nuclear receptor superfamily: The second decade". Cell. 83 (6): 835–839. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(95)90199-X. PMC 6159888. PMID 8521507.
- Harpold, M. M.; Evans, R. M.; Salditt-Georgieff, M.; Darnell, J. E. (1979). "Production of mRNA in Chinese hamster cells: Relationship of the rate of synthesis to the cytoplasmic concentration of nine specific mRNA sequences". Cell. 17 (4): 1025–1035. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(79)90341-6. PMID 487428.
- Evans, R. M.; Fraser, N.; Ziff, E.; Weber, J.; Wilson, M.; Darnell, J. E. (1977). "The initiation sites for RNA transcription in Ad2 DNA". Cell. 12 (3): 733–739. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(77)90273-2. PMID 922890.
- Lazar, Mitchell A. (2017-04-03). "Maturing of the nuclear receptor family". The Journal of Clinical Investigation. 127 (4): 1123–1125. doi:10.1172/JCI92949. ISSN 0021-9738. PMC 5373857. PMID 28368290.
- "Horwitz Prize Awardees". Columbia University Irving Medical Center. 2018-06-20. Retrieved 2019-10-05.
- Wolf Prize Ceremony 2012, retrieved 2019-10-05
- "Albany Medical College: Previous Recipients". www.amc.edu. Retrieved 2019-10-05.
- Prof. Ronald M. Evans - Harvey Prize Recipient 2006, retrieved 2019-10-05
- "Ronald M. Evans". Gairdner Foundation. Retrieved 2019-10-05.
- "France's highest scientific honor to be awarded this year to Salk Institute scientist Ronald M. Evans". Salk Institute for Biological Studies. Retrieved 2019-10-05.
- "Salk scientist awarded Glenn T. Seaborg Medal". Salk Institute for Biological Studies. Retrieved 2019-10-05.
- Foundation, Lasker. "Nuclear hormone receptors for regulating genes". The Lasker Foundation. Retrieved 2019-10-05.
- "The 2003 Keio Medical Science Prize Awardees - Keio Medical Science Prize（テスト用） - Keio University Medical Science Fund". www.ms-fund.keio.ac.jp. Retrieved 2019-10-05.
- Gill, G. N. (1999). "Citation for the 1999 Fred Conrad Koch Award of the Endocrine Society to Dr. Ronald M. Evans and Dr. Michael G. Rosenfeld". Endocrine Reviews. 20 (4): 585–587. doi:10.1210/edrv.20.4.7009. PMID 10453358.
- "Citation for the Edwin B. Astwood Lecture Award of the Endocrine Society to Ronald M. Evans". Molecular Endocrinology. 7 (8): 1090–1091. 1993. doi:10.1210/mend.7.8.8232308. PMID 8232308.