The following events occurred in January 1955:
- The United Kingdom's first atomic bomber unit, the Royal Air Force's No. 138 Squadron, is formed, flying Vickers Valiants from RAF Gaydon.
- The 1955 Cotton Bowl Classic American football game is won by the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets.
- Born: Mary Beard, academic and TV presenter, in Much Wenlock
- Died: Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, 60, Indian scientist (heart attack)
- The Swedish cargo ship Rosafred runs aground off Stockholm. All 22 crew are rescued by another Swedish ship, K A Wallenberg.
- Died: José Antonio Remón Cantera, 46, president of Panama, assassinated by shooting by unknown assailants at a race track in Panama City, along with one of his bodyguards
- Marian Anderson becomes the first African-American to perform with the Metropolitan Opera in New York, when she sings the role of Ulrica in Giuseppe Verdi's Un ballo in maschera (opposite Zinka Milanov, then Herva Nelli, as Amelia) at the invitation of director Rudolf Bing.
- In Canada, the opening of parliament is broadcast on television for the first time.
- U.K. release of the Halas and Batchelor film animation of George Orwell's Animal Farm (completed April 1954), the first full-length British-made animated feature on general theatrical release.
- Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito returns from a visit to India. He would subsequently lift many restrictions on churches and spiritual institutions in Yugoslavia.
- Malayan Emergency: Sabak Bernam is declared as a white area (free from the communist insurgency).
- A penumbral lunar eclipse takes place.
- The 1955 Five Nations Championship rugby tournament opens with victory for France over Scotland in Paris.
January 10, 1955 (Monday)Edit
- Aircraft of the People's Republic of China attack the Nationalist Chinese-held Tachen Islands.
- Kailash Nath Katju becomes India's Minister of Defence.
- After an extensive overhaul, the attack aircraft carrier USS Shangri-La (CVA-38) is recommissioned as the first operational United States Navy aircraft carrier with an angled flight deck.
January 11, 1955 (Tuesday)Edit
- Two Royal Air Force No. 42 Squadron Avro Shackleton maritime patrol aircraft disappear without trace during a routine exercise off Fastnet Rock on the southwest coast of Ireland, and are presumed to have collided in mid-air. An engine from one of the aircraft would finally be found in 1966.
- Died: Rodolfo Graziani, 72, Italian general
January 12, 1955 (Wednesday)Edit
- Just after takeoff from Boone County Airport (later Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport) in Hebron, Kentucky, USA, a Trans World Airlines Martin 2-0-2A collides in mid-air with a privately owned Douglas DC-3 which has strayed into controlled airspace without clearance. Both aircraft crash, killing all 13 people aboard the TWA plane and both people on the DC-3.
- The Jamaican general election ends in victory for the People's National Party, which wins 18 of the 32 seats. Alexander Bustamante continues as the country's First Minister.
January 13, 1955 (Thursday)Edit
- In the UK's South Norfolk by-election, caused by the expulsion of the serving Conservative Member of Parliament (MP), Peter Baker, John Hill holds the seat for the Conservatives with a majority of only 865 votes (2.9%) over his sole opponent, Labour candidate J.M. Stewart.
- The Norwegian cargo ship Gatt runs aground at Hook of Holland, Netherlands. Its crew of 22 are rescued by a Koninklijke Marine helicopter or a line from the shore.
January 14, 1955 (Friday)Edit
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January 15, 1955 (Saturday)Edit
January 16, 1955 (Sunday)Edit
January 17, 1955 (Monday)Edit
January 18, 1955 (Tuesday)Edit
January 19, 1955 (Wednesday)Edit
January 20, 1955 (Thursday)Edit
- End of the Battle of Yijiangshan Islands: The Chinese Communist People's Liberation Army seizes the islands from the Republic of China (Taiwan).
- In the UK's Orpington by-election, caused by the death of incumbent Conservative MP Sir Waldron Smithers, Donald Sumner holds the seat for the Conservatives with a majority of 9,656 votes.
January 21, 1955 (Friday)Edit
January 22, 1955 (Saturday)Edit
January 23, 1955 (Sunday)Edit
- Sutton Coldfield rail crash: An express passenger train traveling from York to Bristol, England, derails as a result of excessive speed on a sharp curve. The fourth carriage is knocked into the air causing it to drag along the station roof, damaging both the roof and the platforms on either side. Seventeen people, including the train crew, are killed and 25 are injured. Local people prevent a worse accident by warning an oncoming train.
- Born: Paul Dörflinger, German footballer (d. 1982 of colorectal cancer)
January 24, 1955 (Monday)Edit
- The Family of Man, an epic exhibit of 503 photographs from around the world, opens at New York’s Museum of Modern Art. The exhibit, curated by Edward Steichen and celebrating the universal experiences of humanity, will go on to tour the world and be seen by 9 million people.
- British Transport Commission produces a report on Modernisation and Re-Equipment of British Railways which proposes the large-scale replacement of the steam locomotive by diesel and electrification together with major resignalling projects.
- Died: Ira Hayes, 32, Native American U.S. Marine flag raiser on Iwo Jima (hypothermia and alcohol poisoning).
January 25, 1955 (Tuesday)Edit
January 26, 1955 (Wednesday)Edit
- Born: Eddie Van Halen, American rock musician, in Nijmegen (d. 2020)
January 27, 1955 (Thursday)Edit
- The government of Cuba approves the Asociación de Guías de Cuba (Girl Guides of Cuba) as being of "public utility".
- In the UK's Edinburgh North by-election, caused by the resignation of Unionist MP, James Clyde, William Rankine Milligan holds the seat for the Unionists with a majority of 3,614.
January 28, 1955 (Friday)Edit
January 29, 1955 (Saturday)Edit
- Died: Hans Hedtoft, 51, Prime Minister of Denmark (1947-1950, 1953-1955)
January 30, 1955 (Sunday)Edit
- Beginning of the fifth Cabinet of Josip Broz Tito V
January 31, 1955 (Monday)Edit
- Died: John Mott, 89, US YMCA leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- Crosby, Francis (2006). The Complete Guide to Fighters & Bombers of the World: An Illustrated History of the World's Greatest Military Aircraft, From the Pioneering Days of Air Fighting in World War I Through the Jet Fighters and Stealth Bombers of the Present Day. London: Hermes House. p. 288. ISBN 9781846810008.
- Seshadri, T. R. (1962). "Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar 1894-1955". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 8: 1–01. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1962.0001. S2CID 71516535.
- "Telegrams in Brief". The Times (53129). London. 3 January 1955. col G, p. 4.
- "Assassins Fire From Ambush At Race Track". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. January 3, 1955. pp. 1, 4.
- Historic England, "Church of the Holy Cross (1296322)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 21 June 2012
- Mitcham, Samuel W. (2007). Rommel's Desert Commanders — The Men Who Served the Desert Fox, North Africa, 1941–42. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-3510-9. p. 34.
- Randye Jones. "Afrocentric Voices: Marian Anderson Biography". AfroVoices.com. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
- McFarlane, Brian, ed. (2003). The Encyclopedia of British Film. London: Methuen; BFI. p. 48. ISBN 9780413773012.
- Leab, Daniel J. (2007). Orwell Subverted. Pennsylvania State Press. p. xiii-xiv. ISBN 978-0-271-02979-5.
- "Josip Broz Tito Chronology". Archived from the original on 2000-11-09.
- Hermit Eclipse: Saros cycle 143
- Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945-1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 613.
- Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p430 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- "Ship's Crew Saved By Helicopter". The Times (53139). London. 14 January 1955. col F, p. 8.
- "Ships In Trouble In Atlantic". The Times (53142). London. 18 January 1955. col C, p. 8.
- "Air Attack On Swatow". The Times (53145). London. 20 January 1955. col A, p. 8.
- Jones, Douglas V. (1994). "Chapter XIV: 1955–1965". The Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield - A Commemorative History. Westwood Press. ISBN 0-9502636-7-2.
- "Spieler". FC Basel Archiv (in German). Verein "Basler Fussballarchiv". Retrieved 8 October 2021.
- Bradley, James; Powers, Ron (2006). Flags of Our Fathers (2006 ed.). Bantam Books. p. 503. ISBN 978-0-553-58908-5.
- ."Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-10. Retrieved 2015-12-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2015-12-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- British Parliament by-election: 1955