Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Hygge is associated with coziness.
"Let's hygge".

Hygge (pronounced HUE-gə or HOO-gə) is a Danish word which can be described as a quality of cosiness and comfortable conviviality that engenders a feeling of contentment or well-being (regarded as a defining characteristic of Danish culture).

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The word "Hygge" comes from a Norwegian word meaning 'wellbeing'". But it is also speculated that hygge might originate from the word "hug". Hug comes from the 1560s word Hugge, which means 'to embrace'. The word hugge is of unknown origin but is highly associated with an Old Norse term, hygga, which means 'to comfort', which comes from the word hugr, meaning 'mood'. In turn, the word comes from the Germanic word hugyan, which relates to the Old English hycgan, meaning 'to think, consider'.[1]

It first appeared in Danish writing in the 19th Century and has since evolved into the cultural idea known in Denmark today.[2]

UseEdit

In both Danish and Norwegian, Hygge refers to "a form of everyday togetherness", "a pleasant and highly valued everyday experience of safety, equality, personal wholeness and a spontaneous social flow".[3] It is distinct from but very similar to the feeling and state referred to with the Dutch word gezelligheid.

The noun "hygge" includes something nice, cozy, safe and known, referring to a psychological state.[4] The antonym of hygge is uhyggelig, which translates as "scary".[5]

Collins English Dictionary defines the word as "a concept, originating in Denmark, of creating cosy and convivial atmospheres that promote wellbeing".[6]

In popular cultureEdit

Collins English Dictionary named hygge the runner-up (after Brexit) as word of the year in the UK in 2016.[6] This followed a period with quite a lot of books sent to the British market focusing on hygge.[7]

Several books on Hygge have been written with some popular ones being The Little Book Of Hygge by Meik Wiking[8], Hygge: The Danish Art of Happiness by Marie Tourell Søderberg[9], The Book of Hygge: The Danish Art of Living Well by Louisa Thomsen Brits.[10]

Similar wordsEdit

  • The Dutch word, gezelligheid, has a similar concept to hygge with both pertaining to comfort and cosiness.
  • In German, Gemütlichkeit, means the state of warmth, friendliness and belonging.
  • The Norwegian word, Koselig, is used to describe a feeling of warmth, intimacy and getting together.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Meik,, Wiking,. The little book of hygge : the Danish way to live well. ISBN 9780241283912. OCLC 958463988. 
  2. ^ Parkinson, Justin (2015-10-02). "Hygge: A heart-warming lesson from Denmark". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-05-25. 
  3. ^ Interweavings – A cultural phenomenology of everyday consumption and social atmosphere within Danish middleclass families, Jeppe Trolle Linnet, 2010
  4. ^ Hjalmar Falk og Alf Torp (1903): Etymologisk ordbog over det norske og det danske sprog. Aschehoug, Kristiania, s. 315
  5. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20161018181145/https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/sep/04/hunting-for-hygge-a-new-ingredient-in-denmarks-recipe-for-happiness
  6. ^ a b "Top 10 Collins Word of the Year 2016". collinsdictionary.com. 2016-11-03. Retrieved 2016-11-07. 
  7. ^ Cartier-Morley, Jess (2016-10-18). "Hygge – a soothing balm for the traumas of 2016". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-11-07. 
  8. ^ Crace, John (2016-09-11). "The Little Book of Hygge by Meik Wiking – digested read". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-05-25. 
  9. ^ "Hygge". Goodreads. Retrieved 2017-05-25. 
  10. ^ Williams, Zoe (2016-09-29). "The Book of Hygge review – can the Danes really teach us how to live?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-05-25. 

External linksEdit