Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland

Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland KG, PC (20 April 1785 – 11 February 1847), styled Earl Percy until 1817, was a British aristocrat and Tory politician who served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland under the Duke of Wellington from 1829 to 1830.

The Duke of Northumberland
3rd Duke of Northumberland cropped.jpg
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
22 January 1829 – 4 December 1830
MonarchGeorge IV
William IV
Prime MinisterThe Duke of Wellington
Preceded byThe Marquess of Anglesey
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Anglesey
Personal details
Born(1785-04-20)20 April 1785
Died11 February 1847(1847-02-11) (aged 61)
Alnwick, Northumberland, England
Political partyTory
(m. 1817)
Parent(s)Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland
Frances Julia Burrell
Alma materEton
St John's College, Cambridge

Background and educationEdit

Northumberland was the son of Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland, and Frances Julia, daughter of Peter Burrell. He was educated at Eton and the University of Cambridge (St John's College).[1]

Political careerEdit

Northumberland entered parliament as the member for Buckingham in July 1806. In September of that year he was elected member for the City of Westminster, on the death of Charles James Fox. He declined to fight the seat at the general election two months later, instead being returned for Launceston. In 1807 he offered himself as a candidate for the county of Northumberland in opposition to Charles, Lord Howick (afterwards the 2nd Earl Grey), who declined to contest the seat. Percy was returned unopposed, and continued to sit until 1812, when he was called to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration by the title Baron Percy.[2] In 1817 he succeeded his father as Duke of Northumberland. He served as Ambassador Extraordinary at the coronation of Charles X of France in 1825, defraying the expenses thereof himself, and he "astonished the continental nobility of the magnitude of his retinue, the gorgeousness of his equippage, and the profuseness of his liberality". In March 1829 he was appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, a post he held until the following year. He was thus in office when the Catholic Emancipation Act was passed, and was pronounced by Robert Peel "the best chief governor that ever presided over the affairs of Ireland."[3]

Other public positionsEdit

In November 1834 Northumberland was elected high Steward of the university of Cambridge, holding that honour until 1840 when he was made Chancellor of the University.[2] He played a prominent role in the establishment of the Church Building Society responsible for building the so-called "Waterloo churches" during the early 19th century. He proposed the CBS's formation at a meeting in the Freemasons' Hall, London on 6 February 1818, chaired by the Archbishop of Canterbury. The Society lobbied parliament to provide funding for a church building programme, and parliament subsequently passed the Church Building Act, voting £l,000,000 to the cause. He also played a part in the development of football in a time when it was a controversial game by providing a field for the annual Alnwick Shrove Tuesday game and presenting the ball before the match—a ritual that continues to this day. Between 1817 and 1847 he held the honorary post of Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland.


Northumberland married Lady Charlotte Clive on 29 April 1817 at Northumberland House. They had no children.

Northumberland died at Alnwick in February 1847, aged 61. His remains were transported to London by train on 19 February,[citation needed] and were interred in the Northumberland Vault within Westminster Abbey,[4] on 23 February.[citation needed] He was succeeded by his younger brother, Lord Prudhoe. In August 1851, an altar monument to the Duke was placed in St. Paul's Church, Alnwick.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Percy, Hugh Earl (PRCY802HE)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ a b c John Latimer. Local Records, or, Historical Register of Remarkable Events. 1857
  3. ^   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Northumberland, Earls and Dukes of". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 788.
  4. ^ Elizabeth, Duchess of Northumberland – Westminster Abbey

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Buckingham
With: Thomas Grenville
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Launceston
With: James Brogden
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Northumberland
With: Thomas Beaumont
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Succeeded by
Academic offices
Preceded by Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland
Succeeded by
Title last held by
The Duke of Northumberland
Vice-Admiral of Northumberland
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by Duke of Northumberland
Succeeded by
Baron Percy
(writ in acceleration)