Huangchuan County

Huangchuan County (simplified Chinese: 潢川县; traditional Chinese: 潢川縣; pinyin: Huángchuān Xiàn; local pronunciation: Huāngchuǎn Xiàn) is a county of southeastern Henan province, People's Republic of China. It is located in the center of Xinyang City, straddling the Huang River.

Huangchuan County
潢川县
Hwangchwan
Aerial view of Huangchuan
Aerial view of Huangchuan
Huangchuan is located in Henan
Huangchuan
Huangchuan
Location in Henan
Coordinates: 32°08′13″N 115°02′52″E / 32.13694°N 115.04778°E / 32.13694; 115.04778Coordinates: 32°08′13″N 115°02′52″E / 32.13694°N 115.04778°E / 32.13694; 115.04778
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Prefecture-level cityXinyang
Settledc. 21st century BC
 - Yiyang County206 BC
 - Guangzhou712 AD
 - Huangchuan1913 AD
Government
 • Secretaryvacancy (CPC)
 • MagistrateZhao Liang
Area
 • County1,638 km2 (632 sq mi)
 • Water107 km2 (41 sq mi)
 • Metro
33.4 km2 (12.9 sq mi)
Dimensions
 • Length53 km (33 mi)
 • Width44.5 km (27.7 mi)
Elevation
45 m (148 ft)
Highest elevation330 m (1,080 ft)
Lowest elevation30 m (100 ft)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • County676,500
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Metro
280,000
 • Metro density8,400/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
465150
Area code376
ISO 3166 codeCN-41-11-25
Licence plate prefix豫S3
Websitewww.huangchuan.gov.cn

The 13th five-year plan of Xinyang City proposes to support the withdrawal of Huangchuan County to apply for the construction of Guangzhou City, build a sub central city in the city area, and accelerate the integrated development of Huangchuan and Guangshan.[3]

HistoryEdit

Origin and early developmentEdit

According to the ancient Chinese text Bamboo Annals, Huangchuan was the national capital of the first Kingdom of Huang in the Xia dynasty during the 21st century BCE. Later, in the beginning of the Zhou dynasty, a second and separate Kingdom of Huang was founded by King Huang Huilian, and he re-established his national capital in Huangchuan like his early predecessor in the Xia dynasty. His name Huang is considered to be the root origin of the royal ancient Chinese surname Huang (or Hwang).[4] The Kingdom of Huang was later invaded and annexed by the Kingdom of Chu and became a vassal state under the Zhou dynasty in 648 BCE, during the Spring and Autumn period.

Remains of the capital of the Kingdom of Huang were discovered in Longgu, a township six kilometers northwest to the urban area of Huangchuan.[5]

Empire periodEdit

After the Qin dynasty. Huangchuan was generally established as a zhou, a commandery or a county.

According to Brief Sketch of North Parts of Ming Dynasty (Chinese: 明季北略), a book by Ji Liuqi (计六奇) recording the transitional period from the Ming dynasty to the Qing dynasty, Huangchuan (then Guangzhou) was devastated and the residents massacred by the peasant army. And now residents in Huangchuan are mainly descendants of migrants from Jiangxi, Fujian and Guangdong settled down during the Kangxi era in the Qing dynasty.

Republic periodEdit

In 1913, Huangchuan was renamed to its current name.[6]

In 2009, Huang-Guang Integration project was launched aiming to integrate Huangchuan County and neighboring Guangshan County.

Former namesEdit

  • traditional Chinese: 黃國; simplified Chinese: 黄国; pinyin: Huángguó, the surname Huang (黃) is derived from this state
  • traditional Chinese: 弋陽; simplified Chinese: 弋阳; pinyin: Yìyáng
  • Chinese: 定城; pinyin: Dìngchéng
  • Chinese: 光州; pinyin: Guāngzhōu

GeographyEdit

Huangchuan borders the Huai River in the north, which is regarded as part of the geographical dividing line between North China and South China.

Huang River, a tributary of Huai River, is pronounced the same as Yellow River yet with different characters. Local residents usually call it Little Huang River (pinyin: Xiǎo Huáng Hé).

The annual mean temperature is 15.3 °C (59.5 °F) and precipitation averages 1,039 millimetres (40.9 in).

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Huangchuan (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.5
(70.7)
27.5
(81.5)
31.2
(88.2)
34.4
(93.9)
36.7
(98.1)
38.4
(101.1)
39.4
(102.9)
39.0
(102.2)
38.2
(100.8)
33.6
(92.5)
29.0
(84.2)
22.6
(72.7)
39.4
(102.9)
Average high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
9.5
(49.1)
14.6
(58.3)
21.6
(70.9)
26.6
(79.9)
29.6
(85.3)
31.6
(88.9)
30.9
(87.6)
27.
(81)
22.0
(71.6)
15.7
(60.3)
9.3
(48.7)
20.4
(68.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
4.9
(40.8)
9.7
(49.5)
16.3
(61.3)
21.6
(70.9)
25.3
(77.5)
27.7
(81.9)
26.7
(80.1)
22.4
(72.3)
16.9
(62.4)
10.4
(50.7)
4.5
(40.1)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) −1.0
(30.2)
1.3
(34.3)
5.6
(42.1)
11.7
(53.1)
17.0
(62.6)
21.6
(70.9)
24.4
(75.9)
23.4
(74.1)
18.7
(65.7)
12.9
(55.2)
6.3
(43.3)
0.9
(33.6)
11.9
(53.4)
Record low °C (°F) −15.7
(3.7)
−16.0
(3.2)
−5.1
(22.8)
0.0
(32.0)
6.0
(42.8)
12.7
(54.9)
18.1
(64.6)
14.6
(58.3)
9.5
(49.1)
1.5
(34.7)
−6.2
(20.8)
−15.0
(5.0)
−16.0
(3.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31.9
(1.26)
41.1
(1.62)
71.4
(2.81)
73.2
(2.88)
112.5
(4.43)
145.5
(5.73)
235.0
(9.25)
143.5
(5.65)
72.3
(2.85)
67.6
(2.66)
53.3
(2.10)
24.1
(0.95)
1,071.4
(42.19)
Average relative humidity (%) 76 75 74 72 73 78 82 84 80 77 75 73 77
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[7]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Huangchuan County currently has 4 subdistricts, 9 towns and 8 townships.[8] The county was reorganized in 2005, when the townships of Xiaoludian (小吕店乡) and Pengjiadian (彭家店乡), and the town of Niugang (牛岗镇) were assimilated into neighboring towns and townships.

Subdistricts (街道)Edit

Towns (镇)Edit

Townships (乡)Edit

TransportEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  2. ^ a b 河南林业厅 (29 Oct 2008). "信阳基本地理信息分析" [Basics of Geography of Xinyang] (in Chinese). 河南户外联盟. Archived from the original on 2009-10-06. Retrieved 25 Jul 2012.
  3. ^ "信阳市国民经济和社会发展第十三个五年规划纲要 - 信阳市发展和改革委员会". www.xydrc.gov.cn. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
  4. ^ 邹克祥 (2001). "天下黄姓出江夏" [Those Surnamed Huang All From Jiangxia]. 武汉文史资料 (in Chinese) (6). Archived from the original on 2013-02-21. 黄,即古黄国,黄国后被楚所灭,黄国人变成了黄氏楚国人。
  5. ^ 金荣权 (2009). 古黄国历史变迁与文化特征综论 [the Historical Transition and Cultural Characteristics of Old Huang State]. Academic Journal of Zhongzhou (in Chinese) (1).
  6. ^ 华林甫 (Dec 2003). 当代中国县城通名改革研究 [Research of The County Name Reforming of Modern China]. Collections of Essays on Chinese Historical Geography (in Chinese). 18 (4): 68. 唐太极元年(712年)迁光州州治于今潢川县城,此后一直为州治(清雍正初至宣统年间光州为直隶州)。1913年改光州为潢川县。今潢川县城作为光州州治长达一千多年。
  7. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 17 November 2022.
  8. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:潢川县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-01-01.