Hotula Khan or Qutula Khan ( Traditional Mongolian:ᠬᠤᠲᠤᠯ
ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ; Chinese: 忽都剌罕;) (c. 1111 – 1161) was a Khan of Khamag Mongol and the son of Khabul Khan, and thus great-uncle of the Genghis Khan, and the nephew of Khaduli Barlas who was the ancestor of Barlas Mongol clan, where Central Asian conqueror Timur originated and foundation of Timurid Empire.
Ögedei Hotula Khan
|Khan of Khamag Mongol Confederacy|
|3rd Khan of Khamag Mongol|
|Reign||1156 – 1161 CE.|
|Died||c. 1161 |
Most of his life is described in The Secret History of the Mongols and Jami' al-tawarikh. He was fifth son of his father. He was described as brave and courageous ruler. He pursued alliance with Keraits, namely Toghrul against Tatars and Jin Dynasty. He pillaged Tatars in retaliation of Ambaghai and his own brother, Ökin Barkak's kidnapping and execution, along with his nephews Qadaan Taishi and Yesugei. Despite the fact that the Mongols thirteen times clashed with the Tatar leaders Qoton Baraq and Jali Buqa, they did not manage to achieve a decisive advantage. He was ambushed after returning from his raid by Dörben tribe and was assumed dead by Yesugei and his kinsmen. He later died fighting the Tatars, who were aided by Jin Dynasty in 1161.
No Mongol emerged as khan after him until Genghis Khan. His nephew Yesugei only supervised the Khamag Mongols until his death in 1171. He had two sons - Jochi and Altan. According to The Secret History of the Mongols, Altan denied requests for succeeding his father and submitted to Genghis Khan.
- ^ Rashīd al-Dīn Ṭabīb (1998). Rashiduddin Fazlullah's Jamiʻuʼt-tawarikh [Compendium of chronicles]. Translated by Thackston, W. M. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University, Dept. of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations. pp. 127–131. OCLC 41120851.
- ^ Sanders, Alan J. K. (2017-08-25). Historical Dictionary of Mongolia. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-5381-0227-5.
- ^ Waley, Arthur (2013-05-13). The Secret History of the Mongols: And Other Pieces. Routledge. p. 269. ISBN 978-1-136-74824-0.