Home Rule Party (Iceland)

The Home Rule Party (Icelandic: Heimastjórnarflokkurinn) was a political party in Iceland between 1900 and 1923. Alongside the Independence Party, it was one of two dominant parties in the country in the early 20th century.[1] Its leader was Hannes Hafstein.

Home Rule Party
LeaderHannes Hafstein
Founded29 June 1900 (1900-06-29) (alliance)
14 February 1909 (1909-02-14) (party)
Dissolved1923 (1923)
Succeeded byCitizens' Party
IdeologyHome rule
Icelandic autonomism
Political positionCentre-right

History Edit

The party was established in 1900 to oppose the original Progressive Party.[1] It won every election between 1916 and 1922. Between 1918 and 1920 it governed in coalition with the Independence Party and the new Progressive Party, before forming a government alone in 1920. In 1922 the Independence Party rejoined the government.[2]

In 1923 the party was dissolved and its members formed the Citizens' Party alongside the Independence Party.[1] The following year, the Conservative Party was established by a majority of Citizens' Party members, with the remainder reassuming the Independence Party name.[3]

Ideology Edit

The party's main policy was to have the Danish Minister for Iceland based in Reykjavík rather than Copenhagen.[1]

Election results Edit

Election Votes % Seats Place
August 1916 1,950   33.5   1st  
October 1916 5,333.5   40.0   15   1st  
1919 6,423   45.8   16   1st  
1922 3,258   27.6   1st  

References Edit

  1. ^ a b c d Vincent E McHale (1983) Political parties of Europe, Greenwood Press, p521 ISBN 0-313-23804-9
  2. ^ McHale, p529
  3. ^ McHale, p520