Hoeryŏng (Korean pronunciation: [ɸwe̞.ɾjʌŋ]) is a city in North Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea. It is located opposite Jilin Province, China, with the Tumen River in between. Sanhe (三合鎮), in Longjing City, is the closest Chinese town across the river. Hoeryŏng is claimed to be the birthplace of Kim Il Sung's first wife and Kim Jong Il's mother, Kim Jong Suk.[1] The Hoeryong Revolutionary Site commemorates the birthplace.[2]

Hoeryong
회령시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-ReischauerHoeryŏng-si
 • Revised RomanizationHoeryeong-si
Hoeryong City Centre
Hoeryong City Centre
Map of North Hamgyong showing the location of Hoeryong
Map of North Hamgyong showing the location of Hoeryong
Hoeryong is located in North Korea
Hoeryong
Hoeryong
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 42°26′N 129°45′E / 42.433°N 129.750°E / 42.433; 129.750Coordinates: 42°26′N 129°45′E / 42.433°N 129.750°E / 42.433; 129.750
CountryNorth Korea
ProvinceNorth Hamgyong Province
Administrative divisions19 tong, 28 ri
Population
 (2008)
 • Total153,532
 • Dialect
Hamgyŏng
Time zoneUTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

The Hoeryŏng concentration camp (Kwalliso No. 22) is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city.[3]

Birthplace of Kim Jong-suk

HistoryEdit

Hoeryŏng was one of the six posts/garrisons (Chosŏngŭl: 육진, Hanja: 六鎭) established under the order of Sejong the Great of Joseon (1418 - 1450) to safeguard his people from the potentially hostile semi-nomadic Jurchens living north of the Yalu river. In 1952, some territories of Hoeryŏng (then a county), which included myoen of Poŭl and parts of myoens of Yonghung and Pyŏksŏng, were incorporated into the then newly created Yusŏn county.[4] After the 1974 incorporation of Yusŏn county, the Yusŏn region became a up and was renamed as Yusŏn worker's region.[4] In early May 2007, the newly appointed Prime Minister Kim Yong-il visited Hoeryŏng. At the time, the Prime Minister brought with him on his train one carriage worth of glass (made in South Korea) and 3 carriages worth of cement. After delivering the goods to the People's Committee of Hoeryŏng he ordered that the city of Hoeryŏng be decorated and adorned as much as a city where Mother Kim Jong Suk's birthplace should be.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Hoeryŏng-si is divided into 19 tong (neighbourhoods) and 28 ri (villages):

  • Chungdo-dong
  • Chungbong-dong
  • Ch'irwŏlp'aril-dong
  • Kang'an-dong
  • Kyerim-dong
  • Kungsim-dong
  • Mang'yang-dong
  • Nammun-dong
  • Osandŏk-tong
  • Poŭl-dong
  • Saemaŭl-dong
  • San'ŏp-tong
  • Sech'ŏn-dong
  • Sinch'ŏn-dong
  • Sŏngch'ŏn-dong
  • Subuk-tong
  • Tongmyŏng-dong
  • Yŏkchŏn-dong
  • Yusŏn-dong
  • Ch'angt'ae-ri
  • Ch'anghyo-ri
  • Hakp'o-ri
  • Hangyong-ri
  • Hongsal-li
  • In'ge-ri
  • Kesang-ri
  • Keha-ri
  • Kulsal-li
  • Kŭmsaeng-ri
  • Musal-li
  • Namsal-li
  • Obong-ri
  • Oryu-ri
  • Pangwŏl-li
  • Pyŏksŏng-ri
  • P'ungsal-li
  • Raksaeng-ri
  • Ryongch'ŏl-li
  • Saŭl-li
  • Sinhŭng-ri
  • Sŏngbung-ri
  • Sŏngdong-ri
  • Songhang-ri
  • Taedong-ri
  • Tokhŭng-ri
  • Wŏnsal-li
  • Yŏngsu-ri

EconomyEdit

Hoeryŏng's main industries are mining machines and a paper mill. The area contains many mines. According to media reports, in 2017 ordinary residents in Hoeryong receive electricity for 3–4 hours per day.[5] However, many people do not have electricity at all.

Civil unrestEdit

It is reported that on 24 September 2008 only about 20% of Hoeryŏng's city residents attended a civilian defence-training programme held in Hoeryŏng City. The other 80% are thought to have stayed home or tended to private patch fields. As punishment, authorities from the Civilian Defence ordered non-attendees to pay KP₩5,000, however this fine was largely ignored.[6]

2016 FloodEdit

On August 29, 2016, as the result of Typhoon Lionrock, the Tumen River flooded, making many of the residents homeless and causing substantial property damage.[7] The displaced residents moved to China.

ClimateEdit

Hoeryong has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwb).

Climate data for Hoeryong
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −5.1
(22.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.2
(39.6)
12.6
(54.7)
18.3
(64.9)
21.4
(70.5)
24.8
(76.6)
25.4
(77.7)
21.2
(70.2)
14.7
(58.5)
4.9
(40.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
11.5
(52.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.1
(12.0)
−8.5
(16.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
5.7
(42.3)
11.4
(52.5)
16.0
(60.8)
20.3
(68.5)
20.8
(69.4)
15.3
(59.5)
8.1
(46.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
−8.4
(16.9)
5.6
(42.0)
Average low °C (°F) −17.0
(1.4)
−15.0
(5.0)
−8.5
(16.7)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.6
(40.3)
10.7
(51.3)
15.8
(60.4)
16.3
(61.3)
9.4
(48.9)
1.5
(34.7)
−6.4
(20.5)
−14.0
(6.8)
−0.3
(31.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6
(0.2)
6
(0.2)
14
(0.6)
29
(1.1)
61
(2.4)
94
(3.7)
112
(4.4)
155
(6.1)
82
(3.2)
38
(1.5)
20
(0.8)
8
(0.3)
625
(24.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org[8]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Brilliant life of Kim Jong Suk". KCNA. Archived from the original on 2005-03-16. Retrieved 2006-06-28.
  2. ^ "Hoeryong Revolutionary Site". KCNA. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014.
  3. ^ "Kwan-li-so No.22 Haengyŏng (Hoeryŏng)". Wikimapia. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "회령시" [Hoeryong city] (in Korean). Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  5. ^ Shim, Elizabeth (July 12, 2017). "North Korea supplies high-voltage electricity to border fence". UPI. Ordinary North Koreans in Hoeryong, North Hamgyong Province, on the other hand, are supplied with electricity for about 3 to 4 hours a day, the North Korean source said.
  6. ^ North Korea Today, No. 28. (2008). Research Institute for North Korean society.
  7. ^ "Implications of North Korean Flood". Center for Strategic and International Studies. 2 November 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Climate: Hoeryong - Climate-Data.org". Retrieved 25 July 2018.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit