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List of heads of government of Ethiopia

  (Redirected from Heads of government of Ethiopia)

This is a list of heads of government of Ethiopia since the formation of the post of Chief Minister of the Ethiopian Empire in 1909 (renamed to Prime Minister in 1943). Since 1909, there have been 3 chief ministers and 11 Prime Ministers and one was both Chief Minister and Prime Minister, making a total of 15 persons being or having been head of government.

Most of the Prime Ministers were regular Prime Ministers, appointed through a regular political process. Some others were acting Prime Ministers only (indicated in the list below), while others were both acting and regular Prime Ministers during their term(s). In addition, there is one Prime Minister who was acting Prime Minister first, then was regularly appointed and finally served as a caretaker Prime Minister of an outgoing government: Hailemariam Desalegn. During the 1960 Ethiopian coup attempt, two Prime Ministers served at the same time, the regular one and an irregular one appointed by the leaders of the coup. Also there was an Interim Prime Minister after the end of the Ethiopian Civil War.

In modern Ethiopia since 1995, the Prime Minister is not only the head of government, but also the commander-in-chief of the Ethiopian National Defense Force. The current Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed Ali, took office on 2 April 2018.

Contents

ListEdit

Name Portrait Birth–Death General election Took office Left office Political party
(Coalition)
 Ethiopian Empire (1137–1974) •  
1 Fitawrari
Habte Giyorgis
  1851–1927 1909 1927
(Died in Office)
Independent
2 Ras
Tafari Makonnen[1]
  1892–1975 1927 1 May 1936
(Exiled)
Independent
3 Betwoded
Wolde Tzaddick
  1 May 1936 14 May 1942 Independent
4 Ras Betwoded
Makonnen Endelkachew
  1890–1963 14 May 1942 27 November 1957 Independent
5 Ras
Abebe Aregai
  1903–1960 1957 27 November 1957 17 December 1960
(Assassinated)
Independent
Leul Ras
Imru Haile Selassie[2]
  1892–1980 14 December 1960 17 December 1960
Vacant (17 December 1960–17 April 1961)
6 Tsehafi Taezaz
Aklilu Habte-Wold
  1912–1974 1961
1965
1969
1973
17 April 1961 1 March 1974
(Resigned)
Independent
7 Lij
Endelkachew Makonnen
  1927–1974 1 March 1974 22 July 1974
(Imprisoned by the Derg)
Independent
Vacant (22 July 1974–3 August 1974)
8 Lij
Mikael Imru
  1929–2008 3 August 1974 12 September 1974
(Deposed by the Derg)
Independent
 Derg (Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia) (1974–1987) •  
Post Abolished (12 September 1974–10 September 1987)
 People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991) •  
9 Fikre Selassie Wogderess   c. 1945– 1987 10 September 1987 8 November 1989
(Dismissed)
WPE
10 Hailu Yimenu
Acting Prime Minister
  ?–1991 8 November 1989 26 April 1991 WPE
11 Tesfaye Dinka
Acting Prime Minister
  1939–2016 26 April 1991 6 June 1991
(Deposed)
WPE
 Transitional Government of Ethiopia (1991–1995) •  
12 Tamrat Layne
Interim Prime Minister
1955– 6 June 1991 22 August 1995 ANDM
(EPRDF)
 Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1995–present) •  
13 Meles Zenawi   1955–2012 1995
2000
2005
2010
23 August 1995 20 August 2012
(Died in Office)
TPLF
(EPRDF)
14 Hailemariam Desalegn   1965– 2015 20 August 2012
(Acting PM
20 Aug–21 Sept 2012)
2 April 2018
(Caretaker PM
15 Feb–2 Apr 2018)
SEPDM
(EPRDF)
15 Abiy Ahmed Ali   1976– 2 April 2018 Incumbent OPDO
(EPRDF)

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ From 2 April 1930, Emperor Haile Selassie I
  2. ^ In rebellion during the 1960 coup attempt

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit