List of presidents of Ethiopia

This is a list of presidents of Ethiopia and also a list of heads of state after the fall of the Ethiopian Empire in 1974.

Until 1974, the heads of state of the Ethiopian Empire were either Emperors or regents. From the coup d'état of the Derg leading to the fall of the Empire in September 1974 until March 1975, the Derg considered the Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen (later regnal name Amha Selassie) as the King (not Emperor) and the nominal head of state – which the Crown Prince refused to accept. During this time, the Chairmen of the Derg, the leaders of the Derg, were to be considered as acting heads of state. On 21 March 1975, the Derg military junta abolished the monarchy and fully took over. Until the establishment of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in 1987, still dominated by Derg figures, Chairmen of the Derg have to be considered heads of state – but not presidents. After the fall of the Derg and the establishment of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia in 1991, the first immediate President (Meles Zenawi) has to be considered an Interim President.

Since the formal establishment of the office of President in 1987, there have been 6 official presidents. The President is the head of state of Ethiopia. The current president is Sahle-Work Zewde, who is also the first female president of Ethiopia, elected on 25 October 2018 by members of the Federal Parliamentary Assembly.

ListEdit

In the list, the Chairmen of the Derg are considered to be heads of state – but are not considered to be President. Consequently, the numbering starts with the first establishment of the office of the President of Ethiopia in 1987.

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party
(Coalition)
Elected
Took office Left office Time in office
 Derg (Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia) (1974–1987) •  
  Lieutenant general
Aman Mikael Andom
(1924–1974)
Acting Head of State
12 September 1974 17 November 1974
(Resigned)
66 days Military
  Major
Mengistu Haile Mariam
(born 1937)
Acting Head of State
17 November 1974 28 November 1974 11 days Military
  Brigadier general
Tafari Benti
(1921–1977)
Acting Head of State
28 November 1974 21 March 1975 124 days Military
  Brigadier general
Tafari Benti
(1921–1977)
21 March 1975 3 February 1977† 1 year, 319 days Military
  Major
Mengistu Haile Mariam
(born 1937)
Acting Head of State
3 February 1977 11 February 1977 8 days Military
  Major
Mengistu Haile Mariam
(born 1937)
11 February 1977 10 September 1987 10 years, 211 days Military
COPWE
WPE
 People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991) •  
1   Mengistu Haile Mariam
(born 1937)
10 September 1987 21 May 1991
(Resigned)
3 years, 253 days WPE 1987
  Tesfaye Gebre Kidan
(1935–2004)
Acting
21 May 1991 27 May 1991
(Deposed)
6 days WPE
 Transitional Government of Ethiopia (1991–1995) •  
  Meles Zenawi
(1955–2012)
Interim
28 May 1991 22 August 1995 4 years, 86 days TPLF
(EPRDF)
 Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1995–present) •  
2   Negasso Gidada
(1943–2019)
22 August 1995 8 October 2001 6 years, 47 days ODP
(EPRDF)
Independent[a]
1995
3   Girma Wolde-Giorgis
(1924–2018)
8 October 2001 7 October 2013 11 years, 364 days Independent 2001
2007
4   Mulatu Teshome
(born 1957)
7 October 2013 25 October 2018 5 years, 18 days ODP
(EPRDF)
2013
5   Sahle-Work Zewde
(born 1950)
25 October 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 116 days Independent 2018

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Expelled from both the ODP party and the EPRDF coalition on 22 June 2001.

External linksEdit