Amhara Democratic Party

The Amhara Democratic Party (ADP) (Amharic: አማራ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ፓርቲ, romanizedāmara dēmokirasīyawī paritī), originally known as Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), was a political party in Ethiopia. The party was one of four members of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) that ruled Ethiopia at the time. In 2012, the party chairman was Demeke Mekonnen, who replaced Addisu Legesse in 2010.[2] In November 2019, prime minister Abiy Ahmed, holding the role of EPRDF chair, unified the constituent parties of the coalition into a new party called Prosperity Party.[1]

Amhara Democratic Party
አማራ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ፓርቲ
ChairmanDemeke Mekonnen
Deputy ChairmanAmbachew Mekonnen
Head OfficerYohannes Buayalew
Dissolved1 December 2019
Split fromEthiopian People's Revolutionary Party
Succeeded byProsperity Party[1]
HeadquartersBahir Dar, Ethiopia
IdeologyAmhara nationalism
National affiliationEthiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
Signboard for EPDM/APLF/ANDM/ADP headquarters in Melfa during the Ethiopian Civil War



The Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (EPDM), the precursor of ANDM, was founded by former members of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party (EPRP) and supported by the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front (TPLF).[3] It was originally based in Waghimra in Wollo Province, and waged an armed struggle against the Derg in that area starting in 1982. EPDM convened its first organizational conference in Jerba Yohannes, Waghimra, in November 1983. During the Ethiopian Civil War, its military headquarters were located in a cave in Melfa (Dogu'a Tembien). In 1988, EPDM and its long-time ally TPLF united to form the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPDRF).[3] At its third organizational conference in 1994, the EPDM changed its name to Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), marking its transition from a pan-Ethiopian movement to an ethnic nationalist party.[3] In the May 2010 Regional State Council elections, the ANDM won all 294 seats in the Amhara Region.[4]

On its annual conference on 30 September 2018, Amhara National Democratic Movement changed its title to Amhara Democratic Party.[5]

See also



  1. ^ a b Exclusive: Third day EPRDF EC discussing “Prosperity Party” Regulation. Find the draft copy obtained by AS
  2. ^ "Who is Demeke Mekonnen?". Capital Ethiopia. 24 December 2012. Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Vaughan, Sarah. "Ethnicity and Power in Ethiopia" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 13, 2011.
  4. ^ African Elections Database
  5. ^ "Amhara Democratic Party is the new name for ANDM". 30 September 2018.