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Harwich (UK Parliament constituency)

Harwich was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Until its abolition for the 2010 general election it elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Harwich
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Harwich in Essex in 2005.
Outline map
Location of Essex within England.
County Essex
before 1660–2010
Number of members one (two before 1868)
Replaced by Clacton, Harwich and North Essex
European Parliament constituency East of England

Contents

BoundariesEdit

 
Harwich in Essex, 1918-45

1885-1918: The Municipal Boroughs of Colchester and Harwich, and parts of the Sessional Divisions of Lexden and Winstree.

1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Harwich, the Urban Districts of Brightlingsea, Clacton, Frinton-on-Sea, Walton-on-the-Naze, and Wivenhoe, and the Rural District of Tendring.

1950-1983: The Municipal Borough of Harwich, the Urban Districts of Brightlingsea, Clacton, Frinton and Walton, and Wivenhoe, and the Rural District of Tendring.

1983-1997: The District of Tendring wards of Beaumont and Thorpe, Bockings Elm, Bradfield Wrabness and Wix, Frinton, Golf Green, Great and Little Oakley, Harwich East, Harwich East Central, Harwich West, Harwich West Central, Haven, Holland and Kirby, Little Clacton, Ramsey, Rush Green, Southcliff, St Bartholomew's, St James, St John's, St Mary's, St Osyth, Tendring and Weeley, and Walton.

1997-2010: The District of Tendring wards of Beaumont and Thorpe, Bockings Elm, Frinton, Golf Green, Great and Little Oakley, Harwich East, Harwich East Central, Harwich West, Harwich West Central, Haven, Holland and Kirby, Little Clacton, Ramsey, Rush Green, St Bartholomew's, St James, St John's, St Mary's, Southcliff, and Walton.

Boundary reviewEdit

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Essex, the Boundary Commission for England created a new constituency of Clacton, based on the former Harwich seat. Harwich itself was moved into a new constituency of Harwich and North Essex.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Constituency founded 1604

1604 to 1660Edit

Parliament First member Second member
1604 Richard Browne Thomas Trevor
1605 John Panton
1614 Sir Harbottle Grimston Sir Robert Mansell
1614 (Apr) Sir Charles Montagu
1620 Sir Thomas Cheek Edward Grimston
1624 Sir Nathaniel Rich Christopher Herrys
1625 Sir Edmund Sawyer Christopher Herrys
1626 Sir Nathaniel Rich Christopher Herrys
1628–1629 Sir Nathaniel Rich Christopher Herrys
1629–1640 No Parliaments convened
1640 (Apr) Sir Thomas Cheek Sir John Jacob, 1st Baronet
1640 (Nov) Sir Harbottle Grimston, 1st Baronet Sir Thomas Cheek
1645 Sir Harbottle Grimston, 1st Baronet, died
replaced 1647 by
Harbottle Grimston, 2nd Baronet
who was secluded Dec 1648 in Pride's Purge
Sir Thomas Cheek
1648 Sir Thomas Cheek
1653 Harwich not represented in Barebone's Parliament
1654 Harwich not represented in First Protectorate Parliament
1656 Harwich not represented in Second Protectorate Parliament
1659 John Sicklemore Thomas King

1660–1868Edit

Year First member[1] First party Second member[1] Second party
1660 Sir Capel Luckyn, Bt Sir Henry Wright, Bt
1661 Thomas King
1664 Sir Capel Luckyn, Bt
February 1679 Sir Anthony Dean Samuel Pepys
August 1679 Sir Philip Parker, Bt Sir Thomas Middleton
1685 Sir Anthony Dean Samuel Pepys
1689 Sir Thomas Middleton John Eldred
1690 The Viscount Newhaven
1695 Sir Thomas Davall
1698 Samuel Atkinson
1699 Sir Thomas Middleton
1701 Dennis Lydell
1702 John Ellis
May 1708 Sir John Leake Thomas Frankland
December 1708 Kenrick Edisbury
1713 Carew Hervey Mildmay Sir Thomas Davall
May 1714 Thomas Heath
June 1714 Benedict Calvert
1715 Sir Philip Parker-a-Morley-Long, Bt Thomas Heath
1722 Humphrey Parsons
1727 John Perceval
1734 Carteret Leathes Charles Stanhope
1741 John Phillipson Hill Mussenden
1747 Edward Coke
1753 Wenman Coke
1756 William Ponsonby
1758 Thomas Sewell
1761 Charles Townshend John Roberts
1767 Thomas Bradshaw
1768 Edward Harvey
1772 Charles Jenkinson
1774 John Robinson
1778 George North
1784 Thomas Orde Tory
1796 Richard Hopkins
1799 Henry Dillon-Lee
1802 Thomas Myers
January 1803 John Hiley Addington Tory
April 1803 James Adams
1806 William Fremantle
March 1807 James Adams
May 1807 William Huskisson Tory
1812 Nicholas Vansittart
1818 Charles Bathurst
1823 George Canning Tory John Charles Herries Tory
1826 Nicholas Conyngham Tindal Tory
1827 Sir William Rae, Bt
1830 George Robert Dawson
1832 Christopher Thomas Tower
1835 Francis Robert Bonham
1837 Alexander Ellice
1841 John Attwood Conservative William Beresford Conservative
1847 John Bagshaw Whig[2][3][4][5][6]
1848 by-election Sir John Hobhouse, Bt Radical[7][8][9][10][11]
March 1851 by-election Henry Thoby Prinsep Conservative
May 1851 by-election Robert Wigram Crawford Whig[12][13]
July 1851 Writ suspended[14]
April 1852 by-election Sir Fitzroy Kelly Conservative
May 1852 by-election Isaac Butt Conservative
July 1852 George Peacocke Conservative David Waddington Conservative
1853 by-election John Bagshaw Whig[2][3][4][5][6]
March 1857 George Drought Warburton Independent Liberal[15][16]
December 1857 by-election Robert John Bagshaw Whig
March 1859 by-election Henry Jervis-White-Jervis Conservative
May 1859 Hon. William Campbell Liberal
1860 by-election Richard Rowley Conservative
1865 John Kelk Conservative
1868 Constituency reduced to one member

1868–2010Edit

Election Member[1] Party
1868 Representation reduced to one member
1868 Henry Jervis-White-Jervis Conservative
1880 Henry Tyler Conservative
1885 James Round Conservative
1906 Arthur Lever Liberal
1910 Harry Newton Conservative
1922 Albert Ernest Hillary Liberal
1924 Sir Frederick Rice Conservative
1929 Sir John Pybus Liberal
1931 Liberal National
1935 Sir Stanley Holmes Liberal National
1954 by-election Julian Ridsdale National Liberal
1968 Conservative
1992 Iain Sproat Conservative
1997 Ivan Henderson Labour
2005 Douglas Carswell Conservative
2010 Constituency abolished: see Clacton and Harwich and North Essex

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1850sEdit

Hobhouse was elevated to the peerage, becoming 1st Baron Broughton and causing a by-election.

By-election, 5 March 1851: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Thoby Prinsep 135 50.9
Whig Robert Wigram Crawford 130 49.1
Majority 5 1.9
Turnout 265 91.7
Registered electors 289
Conservative gain from Radical Swing

Prinsep's election was declared void on petition due to bribery, due to, causing a by-election.[18]

By-election, 28 May 1851: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Robert Wigram Crawford 133 51.2
Conservative Henry Thoby Prinsep 127 48.8
Majority 6 2.3
Turnout 260 90.0
Registered electors 289
Whig gain from Conservative Swing

Crawford's election was declared void, due to polling being closed prematurely, and the seat's writ was suspended in July 1851.[14] A by-election was called the next year.

By-election, 10 April 1852: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Fitzroy Kelly Unopposed
Conservative gain from Whig

Kelly resigned to contest a by-election in East Suffolk, causing a by-election.

By-election, 8 May 1852: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Isaac Butt Unopposed
Conservative hold
1852 General Election: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Peacocke 135 26.8
Conservative David Waddington 134 26.6
Whig John Bagshaw 125 24.8
Independent Liberal George Drought Warburton 110 21.8
Majority 9 1.8 N/A
Turnout 252 (est) 92.6 (est)
Registered electors 272
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative gain from Whig Swing

Peacocke's election was declared void on petition, due to corrupt practices, causing a by-election.[19]

By-election, 21 June 1853: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig John Bagshaw 140 54.9 +30.1
Conservative William Fraser 115 45.1 −8.3
Majority 25 9.8 N/A
Turnout 255 85.3 −7.3
Registered electors 299
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +19.2
1857 General Election: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig John Bagshaw 173 32.6 +7.8
Independent Liberal George Drought Warburton 147 27.7 +5.9
Conservative Henry Jervis-White-Jervis 113 21.3 −5.5
Conservative Benjamin Buck Greene[20] 98 18.5 −8.1
Turnout 266 (est) 84.8 (est) −7.8
Registered electors 313
Majority 26 4.9 N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +7.3
Majority 34 6.4 N/A
Independent Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.4

Warburton's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 9 December 1857: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Robert John Bagshaw 162 70.1 +37.5
Independent Liberal Andrew Arcedeckne[21][22] 69 29.9 N/A
Majority 93 40.3 N/A
Turnout 231 73.8 −11.0
Registered electors 313
Whig gain from Independent Liberal Swing N/A

Bagshaw's resignation caused a by-election.

By-election, 18 March 1859: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Jervis-White-Jervis 145 52.0 +12.2
Whig William Campbell 134 48.0 +15.4
Majority 11 3.9 N/A
Turnout 279 83.5 −1.3
Registered electors 334
Conservative gain from Whig Swing −1.6
1859 General Election: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Jervis-White-Jervis 156 25.7 +4.4
Liberal William Campbell 155 25.5 −7.1
Conservative Richard Rowley 152 25.0 +6.5
Liberal John Clark Marshman 144 23.7 −4.0
Turnout 304 (est) 90.9 (est) +6.1
Registered electors 334
Majority 1 0.2 N/A
Conservative gain from Independent Liberal Swing N/A
Majority 3 0.5 −4.4
Liberal hold Swing −6.3

Elections in the 1860sEdit

Campbell succeeded to the peerage, becoming Lord Stratheden and Campbell, and causing a by-election.

By-election, 24 April 1860: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Rowley 146 55.7 +5.0
Liberal Stuart Donaldson[23] 116 44.3 −4.9
Majority 30 11.5 +11.3
Turnout 262 82.6 −8.3
Registered electors 317
Conservative hold Swing +5.0
General Election 1865: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Jervis-White-Jervis 209 35.0 +9.3
Conservative John Kelk 194 32.5 +7.5
Liberal Michael Wills[24] 117 19.6 −5.9
Liberal James Fitzjames Stephen[25] 77 12.9 −10.8
Majority 77 12.9 +12.7
Turnout 299 (est) 77.3 (est) −13.6
Registered electors 386
Conservative hold Swing +8.8
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +7.9

Seat reduced to one member

General Election 1868: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Jervis-White-Jervis 328 69.9 =2.4
Liberal David James Jenkins 141 30.1 −2.4
Majority 187 39.9 +27.0
Turnout 469 75.4 −1.9
Registered electors 622
Conservative hold Swing +2.4

Elections in the 1870sEdit

General Election 1874: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Jervis-White-Jervis Unopposed
Registered electors 712
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General Election 1880: Harwich[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Tyler 368 54.3
Liberal George Tomline[26] 310 45.7
Majority 58 8.6
Turnout 678 89.3
Registered electors 759
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1885: Harwich[27][28][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Round 4,584 54.5 +0.2
Liberal James Jackson 3,824 45.5 −0.2
Majority 760 9.0 +0.4
Turnout 8,408 82.9 −6.4
Registered electors 10,141
Conservative hold Swing +0.2
General Election 1886: Harwich[27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Round 4,623 66.6 +12.1
Liberal James Wicks 2,322 33.4 -12.1
Majority 2,301 33.2 +24.2
Turnout 6,945 68.5 -14.4
Registered electors 10,141
Conservative hold Swing +12.1

Elections in the 1890sEdit

 
Round
General Election 1892: Harwich[27][28][30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Round 4,113 51.9 -14.7
Liberal Robert Varty 3,808 48.1 +14.7
Majority 305 3.8 -29.4
Turnout 7,921 72.5 +4.0
Registered electors 10,924
Conservative hold Swing -14.7
General Election 1895: Harwich[27][28][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Round 4,566 63.0 +11.1
Liberal Robert Varty 2,685 37.0 -11.1
Majority 1,881 26.0 +22.2
Turnout 7,251 64.2 -8.3
Registered electors 11,296
Conservative hold Swing +11.1

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General Election 1900: Harwich[27][28][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Round Unopposed
Conservative hold
 
Lever
General Election 1906: Harwich[27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Lever 5,650 51.6 N/A
Conservative Harry Newton 5,308 48.4 N/A
Majority 342 3.2 N/A
Turnout 10,958 83.4 N/A
Registered electors 13,144
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General Election January 1910: Harwich[27][33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Newton 6,757 54.6 +3.0
Liberal Arthur Lever 5,608 45.4 -3.0
Majority 1,149 9.2 +6.0
Turnout 86.6 +3.2
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +3.0
General Election December 1910: Harwich[27][34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Newton 6,470 56.4 +1.8
Liberal Frank Stapledon Hiley 5,008 43.6 -1.8
Majority 1,462 12.8 +3.6
Turnout 80.4 -6.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.8

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Harwich[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Harry Newton 8,261 53.9 -2.5
Liberal Edward Aylmer Digby 7,064 46.1 +2.5
Majority 1,197 7.8 -5.0
Turnout 15,325 55.9 -26.5
Registered electors 27,421
Unionist hold Swing -2.5
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General Election 1922: Harwich[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Albert Ernest Hillary 10,556 51.9 +5.8
Unionist Geoffrey St John Strutt 9,792 48.1 −5.8
Majority 764 3.8 N/A
Turnout 20,348 71.6 +15.7
Registered electors 28,432
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +5.8
General Election 1923: Harwich[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Albert Ernest Hillary 12,059 54.3 +2.4
Unionist Frederick Rice 10,142 45.7 −2.4
Majority 1,917 8.6 +4.8
Turnout 22,201 76.2 +4.6
Registered electors 29,126
Liberal hold Swing +2.4
General Election 1924: Harwich[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Frederick Rice 12,219 51.5 +5.8
Liberal Albert Ernest Hillary 9,904 41.7 −12.6
Labour Alfred Barton 1,604 6.8 N/A
Majority 2,315 9.8 N/A
Turnout 23,727 79.0 +2.8
Registered electors 30,047
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +9.2
General Election 1929: Harwich[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Pybus 16,309 52.8 +11.1
Unionist John Mayhew 13,609 44.1 −7.4
Independent Unionist J Elliott 946 3.1 N/A
Majority 2,700 8.7 N/A
Turnout 30,864 76.3 −2.7
Registered electors 40,478
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +9.3

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General Election 1931: Harwich[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National John Pybus 26,818 86.4 +33.6
Labour E L McKeag 4,229 13.6 n/a
Majority 22,589 72.8 +64.1
Turnout 31,047 72.6 -3.7
Liberal National hold Swing n/a
General Election 1935: Harwich[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Stanley Holmes 21,716 70.3 -16.1
Labour Ambrose Erie Applebe 9,170 29.7 +16.1
Majority 12,546 40.6 -32.2
Turnout 30,886 63.9 -8.7
Liberal National hold Swing -16.1

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Stanley Holmes 16,452 55.7 -14.6
Labour Joseph Hewitt 13,067 44.3 +14.6
Majority 3,385 11.5 -29.2
Turnout 68.8 +4.8
Liberal National hold Swing -14.6

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General Election 1950: Harwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal Stanley Holmes 22,814 50.6
Labour Morris Janis 16,756 37.1
Liberal Leonard Train 5,536 12.3
Majority 6,058 13.4
Turnout 81.9
National Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1951: Harwich[37][38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal and Conservative Stanley Holmes 26,169 58.9
Labour Morris Janis 18,244 41.1
Majority 7,925 17.8
Turnout 78.8
National Liberal and Conservative hold Swing
Harwich by-election, 1954[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative and National Liberal Julian Ridsdale 19,532 59.1 +0.2
Labour Shirley Catlin 13,535 40.9 -0.2
Majority 5,997 18.1 +0.4
Turnout 33,067
Conservative and National Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1955: Harwich[40][41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative and National Liberal Julian Ridsdale 23,889 56.4
Labour Shirley Catlin 14,425 34.1
Liberal Wolf Isaac Akst 4,010 9.5
Majority 9,464 22.4
Turnout 42,234 75.6
Conservative and National Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1959: Harwich[42][43]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative and National Liberal Julian Ridsdale 23,653 53.2
Labour William Robinson 11,588 26.0
Liberal Thomas E Dale 5,507 12.4
Independent Leonard F Rose 3,744 8.4
Majority 12,065 27.1
Turnout 44,492 76.4
Conservative and National Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General Election 1964: Harwich[44][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative and National Liberal Julian Ridsdale 25,102 50.4
Labour David Winnick 14,877 29.9
Liberal Thomas E Dale 9,824 19.7
Majority 10,225 20.5
Turnout 49,803 75.1
Conservative and National Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1966: Harwich[46][47]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative and National Liberal Julian Ridsdale 24,975 47.6 -2.8
Labour Stephen R Hatch 18,335 34.9 +5.0
Liberal Thomas E Dale 9,219 17.6 -2.1
Majority 6,640 12.6 -7.9
Turnout 52,529 74.4 -0.7
Conservative and National Liberal hold Swing -3.9

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General Election 1970: Harwich[48]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Ridsdale 32,754 53.5
Labour Andrew Phillips 19,923 32.6 -2.3
Liberal Thomas E Dale 8,519 13.9 -3.7
Majority 12,831 21.0 +8.4
Turnout 61,196 74.5 +0.1
Conservative hold Swing +4.0
General Election February 1974: Harwich[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Ridsdale 32,452 45.6 -7.9
Liberal D Cadman 19,989 28.1 +14.2
Labour JB Fryer 18,697 26.3 -6.3
Majority 12,463 17.5 -3.5
Turnout 71,138 80.7 +6.2
Conservative hold Swing -11.1
General Election October 1974: Harwich[50]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Ridsdale 29,963 46.7 +1.1
Labour JB Fryer 19,135 29.8 +3.5
Liberal Thomas Kellock 15,048 23.5 -4.6
Majority 10,828 16.9 -0.6
Turnout 64,146 72.3 -8.4
Conservative hold Swing -1.2
General Election 1979: Harwich[51]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Ridsdale 37,685 54.3 +7.6
Labour CW Brooks 16,998 24.5 -5.3
Liberal R.M. Goodenough 14,094 20.3 -3.2
National Front A Pearson 597 0.9 N/A
Majority 20,687 29.8 +12.9
Turnout 69,374 74.7 +2.4
Conservative hold Swing +6.5

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General Election 1983: Harwich[52][53]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Ridsdale 27,422 54.1 −0.2
Liberal R.M. Goodenough 14,920 29.5 +9.2
Labour Ralph Knight 8,302 16.4 −8.1
Majority 12,502 24.6 −5.2
Turnout 50,644 70.2 −4.5
Conservative hold Swing −4.7
General Election 1987: Harwich[54]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Julian Ridsdale 29,344 51.8 −2.8
Liberal Liz Lynne 17,262 30.4 +0.9
Labour Ralph Knight 9,920 17.5 +1.1
Independent Christopher Humphrey 161 0.3 N/A
Majority 12,082 21.4 −3.2
Turnout 56,687 73.5 +3.3
Conservative hold Swing −1.9

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General Election 1992: Harwich[55][56]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Iain Sproat 32,369 51.9 +0.1
Liberal Democrat Pauline A. Bevan 15,210 24.4 −6.1
Labour Ralph Knight 14,511 23.3 +5.8
Natural Law Eileen P. McGrath 279 0.4 N/A
Majority 17,159 27.5 +6.2
Turnout 62,369 77.7 +4.2
Conservative hold Swing +3.1
General Election 1997: Harwich[57][58]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ivan Henderson 20,740 38.8 +14.1
Conservative Iain Sproat 19,524 36.5 −15.2
Liberal Democrat Ann M. Elvin 7,037 13.1 -10.0
Referendum Jeffrey Titford 4,923 9.2 N/A
Independent Ralph Knight 1,290 2.4 N/A
Majority 1,216 2.3
Turnout 53,514 70.5 −3.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing −14.7

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General Election 2001: Harwich[59]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ivan Henderson 21,951 45.6 +6.9
Conservative Iain Sproat 19,355 40.2 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Peter Wilcock 4,099 8.5 −4.6
UKIP Tony Finnegan-Butler 2,463 5.1 N/A
Independent Clive Lawrance 247 0.5 N/A
Majority 2,596 5.4 +3.1
Turnout 48,115 62.1 −8.4
Labour hold Swing +5.3
General Election 2005: Harwich[60]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Douglas Carswell 21,235 42.1 +1.9
Labour Ivan Henderson 20,315 40.3 −5.3
Liberal Democrat Keith Tully 5,913 11.7 +3.2
UKIP Jeffrey Titford 2,314 4.6 −0.5
Respect John Tipple 477 0.9 N/A
Independent Christopher Humphrey 154 0.3 N/A
Majority 920 1.8
Turnout 50,408 62.6 +0.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing −3.6

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
  2. ^ a b The Spectator, Volume 7. F. C. Westley. 1834. p. 702. Retrieved 13 May 2018. 
  3. ^ a b The Spectator, Volume 10. F. C. Westley. 1837. p. 651. Retrieved 13 May 2018. 
  4. ^ a b Sperling, Charles Frederick Denne (1896). A short history of the borough of Sudbury, in the county of Suffolk, compiled from materials collected by W.W. Hodson. Sudbury. pp. 162, 259. Retrieved 13 May 2018. 
  5. ^ a b "General Intelligence". Coventry Standard. 24 June 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ a b "Harwich Election". Westmorland Gazette. 31 May 1851. p. 2. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ Cousin, John William (1910). "  Broughton, John Cam Hobhouse, 1st Lord". A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. Wikisource. p. 49 
  8. ^ Fisher, David R. (2009). "HOBHOUSE, John Cam (1786-1869)". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 13 May 2018. 
  9. ^   Barker, George Fisher Russell (1891). "Hobhouse, John Cam". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 27. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  10. ^ Bloy, Marjorie (2014). "John Cam Hobhouse, Baron Broughton (1786-1869)". A Web of English History. Retrieved 13 May 2018. 
  11. ^ "Postscript". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 11 March 1848. p. 8. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  12. ^ "Imperial Parliament". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 31 May 1851. p. 8. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  13. ^ "Harwich Election". Morning Post. 29 May 1851. p. 4. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  14. ^ a b "Neighbouring Counties". Cambridge Chronicle and Journal. 19 July 1851. p. 8. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  15. ^   Courtney, William Prideaux (1899). "Warburton, George Drought". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 59. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  16. ^ Waterston, Elizabeth. "Warburton, George Drought". Dictionnaire biographique du Canada. Retrieved 13 May 2018. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  18. ^ "Harwich Election". The Ipswich Journal. 31 May 1851. p. 4. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  19. ^ "Election Committees". Morning Chronicle. 2 May 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  20. ^ "South Essex Election". Chelmsford Chronicle. 3 April 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  21. ^ "Election Intelligence". Norfolk News. 12 December 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  22. ^ Eddowes's Journal, and General Advertiser for Shropshire, and the Principality of Wales. 23 December 1857. p. 3 https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0001466/18571223/030/0003. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ "Harwich Election". London Daily News. 24 April 1860. p. 6. Retrieved 16 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  24. ^ "The General Election". The Examiner. 15 July 1865. pp. 7–11. Retrieved 16 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  25. ^ "Harwich Election". Chelmsford Chronicle. 14 July 1865. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 16 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  26. ^ "Candidates for Essex and Neigh". Essex Newsman. 13 Mar 1880. p. 3. Retrieved 28 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  28. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  29. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  30. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1896
  31. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  32. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  33. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  34. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
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  53. ^ http://www.election.demon.co.uk/1983EC.html
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  57. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
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  60. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 

Coordinates: 51°52′N 1°14′E / 51.86°N 1.24°E / 51.86; 1.24