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North Essex (UK Parliament constituency)

North Essex was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom between 1997 and 2010. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

North Essex
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of North Essex in Essex for the 2005 general election
Outline map
Location of Essex within England
CountyEssex
19972010
Number of membersOne
Replaced byHarwich and North Essex
Created fromColchester North
18321868
Replaced byEast Essex, West Essex
Created fromEssex

A previous constituency formally called the Northern Division of Essex, electing two members, existed from 1832 until 1868.

HistoryEdit

The Northern Division of Essex was one of two Divisions, along with the Southern Division, created from the undivided Parliamentary County of Essex by the Reform Act of 1832. The constituency was abolished under the Reform Act 1867 (as amended by the Boundaries Act 1868) which divided Essex into three two-member Divisions (East, South and West).

The North Essex constituency was created for the 1997 general election following the Fourth Periodic Review of parliamentary constituencies, mostly replacing the former seat of Colchester North. This was abolished for the 2010 general election by the Fifth Review, when it was largely replaced by the new constituency of Harwich and North Essex.

BoundariesEdit

1832-1868: The Hundreds of Clavering, Dunmow, Freshwell, Hinckford, Lexden, Tendring, Thurstable, Uttlesford, Winstree and Witham.[1]

On abolition, the Hundreds of Hinckford, Lexden, Tendring, Thurstable, Winstree and Witham were included in the new East Division of Essex; the Hundreds of Clavering, Dunmow, Freshwell and Uttlesford were included in the new West Division.

1997-2010: The Borough of Colchester wards of Birch Messing and Copford, Boxted and Langham, Dedham, East Donyland, Fordham, Great and Little Horkesley, Great Tey, Marks Tey, Pyefleet, Tiptree, West Bergholt and Eight Ash Green, West Mersea, Winstree, and Wivenhoe, and the District of Tendring wards of Alresford, Thorrington and Frating, Ardleigh, Bradfield, Wrabness and Wix, Brightlingsea East, Brightlingsea West, Elmstead, Great Bentley, Great Bromley, Little Bromley and Little Bentley, Lawford and Manningtree, Mistley, St Osyth, and Tendring and Weeley.[2]

The new constituency comprised rural areas of the Borough of Colchester, including West Mersea and Wivenhoe, and western parts of the District of Tendring, including Brightlingsea.  Formed primarily from parts of the abolished County Constituencies of North Colchester and South Colchester and Maldon, with a small slice of the western part of the County Constituency of Harwich, including St Osyth.

The new Harwich and North Essex constituencyEdit

On abolition in 2010, rural area to the south-west of Colchester were transferred to the new County Constituency of Witham.  The remainder formed the new County Constituency of Harwich and North Essex, together with the town of Harwich and surrounding areas, previously part of the abolished County Constituency of Harwich.

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: North Essex[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bernard Jenkin 22,811 47.6 +0.2
Labour Elizabeth Hughes 11,908 24.8 -6.7
Liberal Democrat James Raven 9,831 20.5 +3.0
Green Chris Fox 1,718 3.6 +3.6
UKIP George Curtis 1,691 3.5 -0.1
Majority 10,903 22.7 +6.8
Turnout 47,959 65.7 +2.9
Conservative hold Swing 3.4
General election 2001: North Essex[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bernard Jenkin 21,325 47.4 +3.5
Labour Philip Hawkins 14,139 31.5 -1.7
Liberal Democrat Trevor Ellis 7,867 17.5 -2.1
UKIP George Curtis 1,613 3.6 +1.2
Majority 7,186 15.9 +5.2
Turnout 44,944 62.8 -12.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: North Essex[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bernard Jenkin 22,480 43.9 −13.8
Labour Timothy Young 17,004 33.2 +14.1
Liberal Democrat Andrew Phillips 10,028 20.0 −2.2
UKIP Roger Lord 1,202 2.3 +2.3
Green Susan Ransome 495 1.0 +0.5
Majority 5,476 10.7 -17.2
Turnout 51,209 75.3 −4.0
Conservative win (new seat)
Notional result for the General Election 1992: North Essex
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bernard Jenkin 36,381 53.1
Liberal Democrat 17,224 25.1
Labour 14,014 20.4
Green 700 1.0
Natural Law 238 0.3
Majority 19,157 27.9
Turnout 68,557 79.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1860sEdit

By-election, 16 July 1866: North Essex[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Du Cane Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1865: North Essex[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Du Cane 2,081 35.3 N/A
Liberal Thomas Western 1,931 32.8 N/A
Conservative William Beresford 1,881 31.9 N/A
Turnout 3,912 (est) 78.8 (est) N/A
Registered electors 4,904
Majority 150 2.5 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Majority 50 0.8 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1859: North Essex[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Du Cane Unopposed
Conservative William Beresford Unopposed
Registered electors 5,510
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
General election 1857: North Essex[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Du Cane Unopposed
Conservative William Beresford Unopposed
Registered electors 5,553
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
General election 1852: North Essex[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Tyrell 2,412 43.2 +4.3
Conservative William Beresford 2,334 41.8 +5.7
Whig Thomas Barrett-Lennard 833 14.9 −10.2
Majority 1,501 26.9 +15.3
Turnout 3,206 (est) 56.1 (est) −2.1
Registered electors 5,715
Conservative hold Swing +4.7
Conservative hold Swing +5.4
By-election, 9 March 1852: North Essex[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Beresford Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1847: North Essex[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Tyrell 2,472 38.9 N/A
Conservative William Beresford 2,292 36.1 N/A
Whig John Gurdon Rebow 1,555 24.5 N/A
Whig Fiske Goodeve Fiske-Harrison 36 0.6 N/A
Majority 737 11.6 N/A
Turnout 3,178 (est) 58.2 (est) N/A
Registered electors 5,461
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1841: North Essex[8][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Tyrell Unopposed
Conservative Charles Gray Round Unopposed
Registered electors 5,771
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Boundary changesEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 & 3 William IV. Cap. LXIV. An Act to settle and describe the Divisions of Counties, and the Limits of Cities and Boroughs, in England and Wales, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament". London: His Majesty's statute and law printers. 1832. pp. 300–383. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
  2. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-08-29.
  3. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 2)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 104. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  5. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  9. ^ "The General Election". Morning Post. 24 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 9 April 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Essex
UK Parliament constituency
18321868
Succeeded by
Essex Eastern
Essex Western
Preceded by
Colchester North
Colchester South and Maldon
UK Parliament constituency
19972010
Succeeded by
Harwich and North Essex