Clacton (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Clacton in Essex for the 2010 general election
Location of Essex within England
|Population||85,359 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||67,447 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Clacton, Frinton-on-Sea and Walton-on-the-Naze|
|Member of Parliament||Giles Watling (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
The seat was created for the 2010 general election following a review of the Parliamentary representation of Essex by the Boundary Commission for England. It was formed from the abolished Harwich constituency, excluding the town of Harwich itself and surrounding areas.
The District of Tendring wards of Alton Park, Beaumont and Thorpe, Bockings Elm, Burrsville, Frinton, Golf Green, Hamford, Haven, Holland and Kirby, Homelands, Little Clacton and Weeley, Pier, Rush Green, St Bartholomews, St James, St Johns, St Marys, St Osyth and Point Clear, St Pauls and Walton.
The new seat consists essentially of the former Harwich constituency, minus the town of Harwich itself and a few nearby villages, plus St. Osyth and Weeley, transferred from the old North Essex constituency. Apart from the North Sea it is surrounded by the Harwich and North Essex constituency on all other sides. It contains the towns of Clacton-on-Sea, Frinton-on-Sea and Walton-on-the-Naze, as well as surrounding villages.
Changes proposed for 2022Edit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
The Commission has recommended that the town of Harwich be re-united with Clacton, with St Osyth and Weeley transferred back out, leaving the boundaries very similar to the old Harwich seat, but named Harwich and Clacton.
Like some other coastal seats, such as Christchurch in Dorset, the electorate is one of the oldest in the country, with a high proportion of retired people, and low numbers of non-White residents. The area has experienced a considerable influx of White British families from areas of East London such as Barking and Dagenham, leading to the town of Clacton becoming known as "Little Dagenham."
The stark exception is the village of Jaywick, which suffers from extremely high levels of deprivation.
In Both the Indices of deprivation 2010 and 2015, an area of Jaywick was identified as the single most deprived LSOA in all of England, out of around 32,000, with unemployment estimated at almost 50%. Many homes are essentially beach huts and lack basic amenities. In the 2007 Index, this area was the third-most deprived in the country.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|Jun 2017||Giles Watling||Conservative|
On 28 August 2014, Carswell announced his defection to UKIP. Although not required to seek re-election following a change of party allegiance, Carswell triggered a by-election, held on 9 October 2014, in which he was elected as the UKIP candidate. Carswell retained the seat for UKIP at the 2015 general election, seeing his majority cut by roughly three-quarters, with an 11% swing to the Conservatives. Carswell then became UKIP's sole MP in the House of Commons, as Mark Reckless, a fellow Conservative defector, lost his seat.
On 25 March 2017, Carswell announced that he was quitting UKIP to sit as an independent MP, saying that "I switched to UKIP because I desperately wanted us to leave the EU. Now we can be certain that that is going to happen, I have decided that I will be leaving UKIP".
After Prime Minister Theresa May called a snap election on 19 April 2017, Carswell announced that he would not stand for re-election, and he endorsed the Conservative Party candidate Giles Watling. Watling was elected at the 2017 general election; at that election, UKIP's share of the vote fell by 36.8%, one of its largest declines in the country, and the subsequent Conservative victory in Clacton marked the first time every constituency in Essex had returned a Conservative MP since 1987.
|Liberal Democrat||Callum Robertson|
|Liberal Democrat||David Grace||887||2.0||0.2|
|English Democrat||Robin Tilbrook||289||0.7||New|
|Conservative gain from UKIP||Swing||30.7|
|Liberal Democrat||David Grace||812||1.8||0.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Andy Graham||483||1.3||11.6|
|Monster Raving Loony||Alan "Howling Laud" Hope||127||0.4||New|
|UKIP gain from Conservative||Swing||44.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Green||5,577||12.9||0.6|
|Tendring First||Terry Allen||1,078||2.5||New|
- "Clacton: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review (September 2018). "Final recommendations report" (PDF).
- "Why have the white British left London?". BBC News.
- "Tory MP Douglas Carswell defects to UKIP and forces by-election". BBC News.
- "Clacton by-election candidates". BBC News.
- "Job done – thank UKIP!". talkcarswell.com. 25 March 2017. Archived from the original on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
- "Douglas Carswell quitting UKIP to become independent MP for Clacton". 25 March 2017 – via bbc.co.uk.
- "Douglas Carswell will not stand in general election". 20 April 2017 – via bbc.co.uk.
- "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary candidates". Mark Pack. 25 November 2018.
- "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated – Clacton Constituency" (PDF). Tendring District Council. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
- "Knife death mother in MP election bid for Clacton". 21 April 2017 – via bbc.com.
- "Norfolk North and Penistone & Stocksbridge choose their candidates. Latest selection news. – Conservative Home".
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Clacton parliamentary constituency – Election 2015 – BBC News" – via bbc.co.uk.
- Lodge, Will (16 September 2014). "Clacton: Carswell strolls to victory for UKIP at Clacton by-election". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
- "Poll: Is Clacton a town that's going nowhere?". Archived from the original on 10 September 2014.
- "Clacton on sea by election". 11 September 2014.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Clacton". BBC News. 7 May 2010.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Clacton – presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.