Christchurch (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Christchurch in Dorset.
Location of Dorset within England.
|Population||83,596 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||69,008 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Sir Christopher Chope (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Christchurch and Lymington, North Dorset, New Forest|
|Number of members||1572–1832: Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||New Forest and Christchurch and Bournemouth|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
The original Christchurch constituency, a parliamentary borough, existed from 1572 until 1918.
The constituency was re-created as a county constituency in 1983 from parts of the seats of Christchurch and Lymington, North Dorset and New Forest. It has since 1983 seen strong Conservative majorities, with the exception of a 1993 by-election caused by the death of Robert Adley when it was won by Diana Maddock a Liberal Democrat. The Conservatives regained the seat at the next general election in 1997, despite their landslide defeat nationally and Chris Chope has retained it ever since. As of 2017, it is the second strongest Conservative seat in terms of voteshare (69.7%) and strongest in terms of majority (49.6%) in the country, although 2017 also saw Labour come second in the seat for the first time in history, having historically been far weaker than the Liberal Democrats and, in 2015, UKIP.
1983–1997: The Borough of Christchurch, and the District of Wimborne wards of Ameysford, Ferndown Central, Golf Links, Longham, St Leonards and St Ives East, St Leonards and St Ives South, St Leonards and St Ives West, Stapehill, Tricketts Cross, Verwood, West Moors North, West Moor South, and West Parley.
1997–2010: The Borough of Christchurch, and the District of East Dorset wards of Ameysford, Ferndown Central, Golf Links, St Leonards and St Ives East, St Leonards and St Ives South, St Leonards and St Ives West, Tricketts Cross, Verwood, West Moors North, West Moors South, and West Parley.
2010–present: The Borough of Christchurch, and the District of East Dorset wards of Ameysford, Ferndown Central, Ferndown Links, Longham, Parley, St Leonards and St Ives East, St Leonards and St Ives West, Stapehill, and West Moors.
The area is not as rural as the adjoining New Forest constituencies, nor as urban as Bournemouth and Poole, and contains a mixed assortment of coastal retirement havens, outlying Bournemouth suburbs and the town of Christchurch itself which has expanded to include dedicated villages of sheltered housing on its outskirts.
Consequently, the present Christchurch seat contains one of the most elderly electorates in the country – only Eastbourne and Devon East have an older average voter age and Christchurch has the highest proportion of over-60s of all UK seats. Having recovered from an early-1990s by-election loss, it is a safe Conservative seat, with MP Christopher Chope attaining a majority of over 30% at the last general election. It is the safest Tory seat in the South West and on most analyses is on the fringe of the area that usually qualifies as the South West, served by a station with direct links to the capital and closest to London.
Bournemouth airport is located within the seat.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Parliamentary borough (1572–1918)Edit
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|Parliament of 1571||Andrew Rogers||John Hyett|
|Parliament of 1572–1581||Henry Knollys||Matthew Evans|
|Parliament of 1584–1585||Alexander Nevill|
|Parliament of 1586–1587||Henry Ashley|
|Parliament of 1588–1589||Justinian Champernoun||Sampson Lennard|
|Parliament of 1593||John Herbert||John Agmondesham|
|Parliament of 1597–1598||Simon Willis||Andrew Rogers|
|Parliament of 1601||Henry Meere|
|Parliament of 1604–1611||Richard Martin||Nicholas Hyde|
|Addled Parliament (1614)||Sir Thomas Norton||Henry Breton|
|Parliament of 1621–1622||Sir George Hastings||Nathaniel Tomkins|
|Happy Parliament (1624–1625)||Sir George Astmyll|
|Useless Parliament (1625)||Sir Thomas Wilford|
|Parliament of 1625–1626||Robert Mason|
|Parliament of 1628–1629||Henry Croke|
|No Parliament summoned 1629–1640|
MPs since 1983Edit
|1993 by-election||Diana Maddock||Liberal Democrat|
|1997||Sir Christopher Chope||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Cox|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Cox||4,020||7.9||+1.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Andy Canning||3,263||6.6||-18.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Martyn Hurll||12,478||25.3||+1.2|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Leslie Coman||12,649||24.5||−3.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Dorothy Webb||13,762||27.8||-14.8|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Diana Maddock||23,930||42.58||-19.62|
Percentage share changes compared with 1993 by-election. UKIP share compared with the Anti-Federalist League.
|Liberal Democrat||Diana Maddock||33,164||62.2||+38.6|
|Anti-Federalist League||Alan Sked||878||1.6||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||David Sutch||404||0.8||N/A|
|Ind. Conservative||Andrew Bannon||357||0.7||N/A|
|Sack Graham Taylor||Peter G. Newman||80||0.2||N/A|
|Buy the Daily Sport||Tara Bardot-Jackson||67||0.1||N/A|
|Save the National Health Service||Peter A. Hollyman||60||0.1||N/A|
|Highlander IV Wednesday Promotion||John P. Crockard||48||0.1||N/A|
|Natural Law||Mark Griffiths||45||0.1||−0.3|
|Ian For King||Mark Belcher||23||0.0||N/A|
|Alfred The Chicken||Karl Fitzhugh||18||0.0||N/A|
|Rainbow Alliance||John R. Walley||16||0.0||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||+35.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Dennis Bussey||13,612||23.6||−0.9|
|Natural Law||James Barratt||243||0.4||N/A|
|Chauvinist Raving Alliance||Adrian Wareham||175||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||Hilary McKenzie||13,282||24.5||−0.8|
|Social Democratic||Stephen Alexander||11,984||25.3||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Election results 1868–1918Edit
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Conservative||Henry Drummond Wolff||560||47.9||−11.7|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+11.7|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
|Conservative||Henry Drummond Wolff||978||61.7||+13.8|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+13.8|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+13.2|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.6|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Conservative||Abel Henry Smith||2,803||51.9||−1.2|
|Conservative||Abel Henry Smith||3,198||50.7||−1.2|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
The original tally for the 1906 election had Balfour with 3,411 votes and Brassey with 3,408 votes. However, a recount resulted in the increased majority for Balfour.
|Liberal||Arthur Acland Allen||4,634||53.3||+3.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.4|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Liberal||Arthur Acland Allen||4,807||46.5||−6.8|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.8|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Henry Croft
Election results 1832–1868Edit
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Conservative||George Henry Rose||Unopposed|
Rose resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Manor of Northstead, causing a by-election.
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Conservative||John Edward Walcott||Unopposed|
|Conservative||John Edward Walcott||Unopposed|
|Conservative||John Edward Walcott||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Conservative||John Edward Walcott||211||59.6||N/A|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Christchurch: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "AGMONDESHAM, John II (c.1543-98), of Rowbarns, East Horsley, Surr. - History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 4)
- Knighted July 1712
- Gwyn was re-elected in 1722, but had also been elected for Wells, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Christchurch
- Knighted (KB), 1749
- Styled Lord Hyde from June 1776
- Succeeded to a baronetcy, April 1783
- "Christchurch 1660–1918". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Christchurch 1983-". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Christchurch parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Christchurch". The Daily Telegraph and Courier. 28 January 1874. p. 2. Retrieved 28 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "This Evening's News". The Pall Mall Gazette. 3 March 1880. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- "Christchurch Election". Yorkshire Gazette. 30 March 1844. p. 5. Retrieved 1 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- The BBC/ITN Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services, 1983)
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832–1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) * J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
- J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 – England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
- Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. p. 1.
- Frederic A Youngs, jr, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol I (London: Royal Historical Society, 1979)
- nomis Constituency Profile for Christchurch — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.