Halsa is a former municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1838 until 2020 when it became part of Heim Municipality. It was part of the Nordmøre region. The administrative centre of Halsa was the village of Liabøen. Other villages in the municipality included Todalen, Halsanaustan, Valsøyfjord, Engan, Hjellnes, and Valsøybotnen.

Halsa kommune
Ferry quay in Halsanaustan
Ferry quay in Halsanaustan
Official logo of Halsa kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Halsa within Møre og Romsdal
Halsa within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 63°06′50″N 08°28′13″E / 63.11389°N 8.47028°E / 63.11389; 8.47028Coordinates: 63°06′50″N 08°28′13″E / 63.11389°N 8.47028°E / 63.11389; 8.47028
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictNordmøre
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreLiabøen
Government
 • Mayor (2007-2019)Ola Rognskog (Sp)
Area
 • Total300.53 km2 (116.04 sq mi)
 • Land292.29 km2 (112.85 sq mi)
 • Water8.24 km2 (3.18 sq mi)  2.7%
Area rank279 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,571
 • Rank349 in Norway
 • Density5.4/km2 (14/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
−6%
Demonym(s)Halsabygg[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1571
Official language formNeutral[2]
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byHeim in 2020
Websitehalsa.kommune.no

At the time of its dissolution in 2020, the 301-square-kilometre (116 sq mi) municipality was the 279th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Halsa was the 349th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,571. The municipality's population density was 5.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (14/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 6% over the last decade.[3][4]

General informationEdit

 
View of the Skålvik Fjord
 
View of the Valsøyfjorden

The parish of Halsa was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 January 1868, an unpopulated area of Halsa was transferred to the neighboring municipality of Straumsnes. On 1 January 1879, a part of Halsa (population: 279) was transferred to the neighboring municipality of Stangvik. The next year, the Torjulvågen area (population: 240) on the west side of the Halsafjorden was transferred to Tingvoll Municipality. On 1 July 1915, part of southern Halsa (population: 114) was transferred to Åsskard Municipality.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, all of Valsøyfjord Municipality that was located on the mainland (population: 1,104) was merged into Halsa Municipality. On 1 January 1976, the district of Aure Municipality located south of the Vinjefjorden (population: 158) was transferred to Halsa Municipality.[5]

On 1 January 2020, Halsa merged with the neighboring municipality of Hemne and the Ytre Snillfjord area in the municipality of Snillfjord to form Heim Municipality. The new municipality is located in Trøndelag county, which means that as part of the merger Halsa left Møre og Romsdal county and moved to Trøndelag.[6]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) was named after the old Halsa farm (Old Norse: Hǫlsyinjar), since the first Halsa Church was built there. The first element is hals which means "neck" and the last element is the plural form of vin which means "meadow" or "pasture". Here, the word hals is referring to an isthmus (neck of land) between two fjords: Halsafjorden and the Skålvik Fjord. Before 1918, the name was written "Halse".[7]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 19 August 1988. The gray and blue motif represents the local geography since there are three fjords and five headlands in the municipality.[8]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway had two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Halsa. It is part of the Indre Nordmøre prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Halsa
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Halsa Halsa Church Halsanaustan 1734
Valsøyfjord Valsøyfjord Church Valsøyfjord 1864

GeographyEdit

Halsa had numerous fjords in and around the municipality including the Halsafjorden, Vinjefjorden, Arasvikfjorden, the Skålvik Fjord, and Valsøyfjorden. The Valsøy Bridge crosses the Valsøyfjorden. There are ferry connections to Tingvoll Municipality to the west and to Aure Municipality to the north.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Halsa, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Nordmøre District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Halsa is made up of 15 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown for the final municipal council was as follows:

Halsa Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
Total number of members:15
Halsa Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Cross-party local list (Tverrpolitisk bygdeliste)3
Total number of members:15
Halsa Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Cross-party local list (Tverrpolitisk bygdeliste)3
Total number of members:15
Halsa Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Cross-party local list (Tverrpolitisk bygdeliste)4
Total number of members:15
Halsa Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Cross-party local list (Tverrpolitisk bygdeliste)6
Total number of members:21
Halsa Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:21
Halsa Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:21
Halsa Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Halsa Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Valsøyfjord free list (Valsøyfjord Friliste)2
Total number of members:21
Halsa Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Valsøyfjord Free List (Valsøyfjord Friliste)4
Total number of members:21
Halsa Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Halsa Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)8
Total number of members:21
Halsa Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:21
Halsa Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
Total number of members:17
Halsa Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:17
Halsa Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)7
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)3
Total number of members:17
Halsa Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)7
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)3
Total number of members:16
Halsa Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)8
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:16
Halsa Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)9
Total number of members:16
Halsa Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)12
Total number of members:16

AttractionsEdit

Halsa was the location where the famous killer whale, Keiko, went when he was set free. Keiko died in December 2003 and was buried there. The people of Halsa have built a memorial cairn over Keiko's body, where people from all over the world are free to visit him. In the first year after his burial, around 5,000 people visited the grave but then fewer and fewer came and in 2007 only around 500 visitors paid him homage. In June 2008, hardly anyone had come to see the grave, so the municipality decided it would not continue keeping the grave in order.[citation needed]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-04-13.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-04-13.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Ny kommune - Halsa, Snillfjord og Hemne" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-05.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 448.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-04-13.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  10. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Trøndelag" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  12. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  17. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-04-26.

External linksEdit