Guanshanhu District (simplified Chinese: 观山湖区; traditional Chinese: 觀山湖區; pinyin: Guānshānhú Qū) formerly the Jinyang New Area (JYND; simplified Chinese: 金阳新区; traditional Chinese: 金陽新區; pinyin: Jīnyáng Xīnqū) is a district located northwest of the city centre of Guiyang, the capital of Guizhou Province, People's Republic of China. The city centre itself is surrounded by mountains and lush forests Guanshanhu District is situated beyond the city's mountains on high-plains interspersed with rolling hills at an average altitude of 1,400 metres (4,600 ft).
Location of Guanshanhu District within Guiyang City
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|District seat||Jinyang Subdistrict (金阳街道)|
|• Total||106 km2 (41 sq mi)|
|Population (Gov. Estimate of 2010 Pop.)|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
As a new city district of Guiyang, the Guanshanhu District is focused on government, finance, real estate, high-tech, transportation, aerospace and commercial services. Since its inception in 2001, through the end of 2008, 43 billion yuan was invested in the Guanshanhu District. Since 2006 the Guanshanhu District has been home to Guiyang's Municipal Government Administration and CCP Offices.
While the population of the Guanshanhu District more than doubled in the 5 years between 2004 and 2008 from 70,000 to 180,000, a combination of Guiyang's attractive residency policy and the habitation of many of the district's larger residential developments resulted in further large-scale growth by the end of 2012 as the district's population reached an estimated +220,000 residents. Guanshanhu's population is anticipated to continue to climb exponentially over the next 5 years as a majority of Guizhou provincial and Guiyang municipal government agencies, many major local employers as well as several large national and international corporations relocate to the district in concert with continual development and upgrading of the area’s transportation and logistics infrastructure, linking the district to the regional and national transportation grids.
The Guanshanhu District has a well-developed road transportation network with a sophisticated grid of signalized multi-lane roadways capable of adequately addressing anticipated future heavy vehicular traffic flows as well as providing convenient access to the Guiyang–Zunyi Expressway, the Guiyang Outer Ring Road and Second Ring Road highways, and stations serving the national hi-speed rail and city light-rail networks currently under construction. The Gui-Zun Expressway, the Guiyang Outer Ring Road and Guiyang Second Ring Road highways pass through the district and are part of the national trunk highway system. These divided multi-lane motorways provide the district with rapid vehicular access to the city center, Guiyang Longdongbao International Airport, and all points within Guizhou including the cities of Zunyi, Anshun, and Kaili, as well as the large regional cities of Chongqing, Chengdu, Kunming, Guilin, Changsha, Nanning, and Guangzhou.
Guanshanhu District is home to the JinYang Regional Bus Terminal, the largest coach and bus terminal in Guizhou Province, servicing over 7 million passengers annually.
The national high-speed railway network will be accessible through Guiyang North Station, situated in the eastern area of the Guanshanhu District and currently under construction, with estimated opening in 2015. Guiyang North Station will connect Guiyang with Chengdu, Chongqing, Kunming, Guangzhou, Changsha, Wuhan, Shanghai, and Beijing via 100 daily CRH bullet trains. Guiyang is currently building a three-line urban light rails system with the city's fline-1 of the system anticipated to be operational in 2015, connecting the Guanshanhu District to the older, established Guiyang central business district, several established high-density inner-city residential neighborhoods, and the airport.
Large Projects and Important Employers in Guanshanhu DistrictEdit
- The Municipal Administration Center of the Guiyang city government employs 20,000 people and is adjacent to the sprawling Guanshanhu Park in the district's center.
- In 2009 the Shanghai-based Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) signed an 8.2 billion yuan deal with the Guiyang City government to build a 5 square kilometer manufacturing base in the neighboring Baiyun District which will not only make aircraft engines but also develop new energy devices, electric vehicles and auto parts.
- Guiyang International Exhibition and Convention Center opened in 2011, with 2 million square meters of space, and can host conventions with as many as 20,000 visitors. The Convention and Exhibition Center annually hosts the Global Eco-Forum Guiyang jointly sponsored by the Chinese Government and the United Nations. The Conference center also is adjacent to the new 366-room Hyatt Regency Guiyang, several smaller domestic hotels, and the Zhongtian Super Mall, a 330,000 square meter (3.5 million square feet) multi-level shopping center scheduled to open in 2014.
- Guanshanhu District is home to several modern international standard hotels which have opened in the past 3 years, including the Hyatt Regency Hotel Guiyang, the Renaissance Hotel Guiyang, the 306-room New World Hotel Guiyang, and the 351-room Empark Grand Hotel Guiyang.
- The Guiyang Olympic Sports Center in Guanshanhu District opened in 2011 and was host to the 9th Chinese Traditional Games for Ethnic Nationalities The Olympic Center includes a 52,000 seat stadium which is home to the Guizhou Renhe Football Club of the Chinese Super League, a swimming and diving hall, and 17 tennis courts. The total area is 289,000 square meters.
- Century Town in the district's south is the largest planned urban development in the district with 40,000 residences and the Century Town shopping complex with 3 interconnected shopping malls and several office buildings.
- The Guiyang North Station high-speed rail station and adjoining marshaling yards are scheduled to open for service in 2015 and will offer passenger and freight service on CRH bullet trains that travel at average speeds of 300 km/hr. These bullet trains will travel from Guiyang to Chongqing in 1.5 hours, Chengdu in 3 hours, Guangzhou in 3 hours, Shanghai in 8 hours, and Beijing in 9 hours.
- China West Technology Park (CWTP) is a large hi-tech office park composed of seven class-A multi-use buildings comprising 174,000 square meters (1.8 million sq.ft.) of office, lab, meeting, residential, hotel, dining and retail space. It is anticipated that within 3 years of opening in 2012, between 6,000 and 10,000 workers will be employed in CWTP. Current tenants include the regional head offices of China Mingsheng Bank, Sinopec, and the Guizhou Province Talent City, a provincial-scale job market and training center JV between the Shanghai Municipal Government agency and the Guiyang High-Tech Development Zone administration. CWTP initial occupancy began in late 2012.
- In 2011, Guizhou Provincial General Hospital announced the location of a provincial medical center campus in the Guanshanhu District, north of the City's government administrative complex. The new medical campus is anticipated for completion in 2015-2016 and will be a large-scale medical and research center employing over 10,000 physician and staff.
- The Marriott International Corporation opened the 340-room Renaissance Guiyang Hotel in February 2012. The hotel adjoins Guanshanhu Park and is also adjacent to the Municipal Government Administration Complex.
- Guanshanhu District is home to the regional headquarters of several large companies including Chinalco, China Mobile, China Southern Coal, China Datang Power, China Hydro Engineering, China Southern Power Grid, and Kweichow Maotai, the distillers of Maotai, the national alcohol of China.
- Guiyang City Government Website, retrieved 2009-11-18
- Guiyang City Government Website, (in Chinese), retrieved 2009-11-10
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-  retrieved 2011-11-02.
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- Century Town Website,(In Chinese), retrieved 2009-11-23.
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- China West Technology Park Website (In Chinese) Retrieved 2009-11-22
- Marriott Renaissance Guiyang Website, Retrieved 2011-11-02
- Article about company headquarters in Jinyang Retrieved 2009-11-24
- Guiyang City Government (in Chinese) (in English)
- Jinyang Government Website (in Chinese)
- Guiyang National High-Tech Industrial Development Zone (in Chinese)
- Guiyang City Government (in Chinese)
- Guiyang, City of Forests (in Chinese)