Anshun (simplified Chinese: 安顺; traditional Chinese: 安順; pinyin: Ānshùn) is a prefecture-level city located in southwestern Guizhou province, southwest China, near the Huangguoshu Waterfall, the tallest in China. As of 2010, it had a population of 2,297,339.[3] The city proper had a population of 765,313. Within the prefecture are attractions such as The Long Gong Dragon Caves and the Getu River.

Anshun

安顺市
Anshun.jpg
Location of Anshun City jurisdiction in Guizhou
Location of Anshun City jurisdiction in Guizhou
Anshun is located in Guizhou
Anshun
Anshun
Location of the city center in Guizhou
Anshun is located in Southwest China
Anshun
Anshun
Anshun (Southwest China)
Anshun is located in China
Anshun
Anshun
Anshun (China)
Coordinates (Anshun municipal government): 26°15′11″N 105°56′51″E / 26.2531°N 105.9476°E / 26.2531; 105.9476Coordinates: 26°15′11″N 105°56′51″E / 26.2531°N 105.9476°E / 26.2531; 105.9476
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuizhou
Municipal seatXixiu District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city9,269 km2 (3,579 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,724.24 km2 (665.73 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,724.24 km2 (665.73 sq mi)
Elevation
1,380 m (4,530 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Prefecture-level city2,297,339
 • Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2018)[2]
765,313
 • Urban density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Metro
765,313
 • Metro density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code0851
ISO 3166 codeCN-GZ-04
Websiteanshun.gov.cn

HistoryEdit

During the Warring States Period, the area belonged to the independent kingdom of Yelang.[4] The Records of the Grand Historian states that of all the independent kingdoms in the area, Yelang was the largest.[4] The kingdom was located along Zangke River (now called Beipan River), and Nanpan River.[citation needed] Bamboo Worship, Cow Totems, bullfights and dogfights were the culture traditions of the Yelang Empire.[citation needed] In 111 BCE, Yelang was conquered by the Han Dynasty, and incorporated as Zangke Commandery [zh].[4] From 28 BCE to 25 BCE, an insurrection against Emperor Cheng called for the reinstatement of the Yelang Kingdom, but was crushed by Han forces.[4]

In the Three Kingdoms Period, the area was split between the county of Yelang and the county of Qielan [zh] within Yi Province.[4]

Under the Jin Dynasty, the area of present-day Anshun would fall under the jurisdiction of Guangtan County (廣談縣) within Yi Province.[4]

During the Sui Dynasty, the area belonged to Binhua County (宾化縣), located within Zangke Commandery, Zang Province [zh].[4]

This organization of the region remained intact until the latter portion of the Tang Dynasty, when it was re-organized under the Puning Commandery [zh].[4] The area would remain under the Puning Commandery until 1292, when, under the Yuan Dynasty, the area would fall under Puding Prefecture [zh], which it would remain under until 1372.[4]

Anshun Prefecture [zh] was established during the early Ming Dynasty to govern the region, and would remain until 1602, when it was replaced by the Anshun Military and Civil Administration (安順軍民府).[4] The area was incorporated into the Qing Dynasty in 1658, and a new Anshun Prefecture [zh] was established.[4] In April 1638, Xu Xiake, the greatest travel writer and geographer of ancient China, traveled to Anshun.[5]

In 1673, the area became engulfed under the Revolt of the Three Feudatories, during which, significant fighting took place in Anshun.[4]

The Anshun Prefecture would remain until January 15, 1913, when the Republic of China revoked the prefecture system.[4] After a short-lived implementation of a county to govern Anshun, the city was placed under Guizhou West Circuit [zh], until reverting to the county system.[4]

In 1950, Anshun Prefecture [zh] was established, governing 6 county-level divisions.[6] In 1958, Anshun County (安顺县) was upgraded to serve as a county-level city.[4][6] In 1970, Anshun Prefecture was re-organized as Anshun Area (安顺地区), which it would remain until June 23, 2000, when it was re-organized as a prefecture-level city.[4][6]

Geography and climateEdit

 
Map including Anshun (labeled as AN-SHUN (Walled) 安順) (AMS, 1954)

Anshun's administrative area spans latitude 25° 21′−26° 38′ N and longitude 105° 13′−106° 34′ E and contains sizeable areas of karst formation. It borders Guiyang, the provincial capital, and Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture to the east, Liupanshui to the west, Qianxinan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture to the south, and Bijie to the north. Within the prefecture, the elevation ranges from 1,102 to 1,694 metres (3,615 to 5,558 ft).

Anshun has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) bordering on a subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), tempered by its rather high altitude and having frequent rain (falling on just over half of the days of the year) and high humidity year-round. Winters are short, cool and damp, while summers are very warm. The monthly 24-hour mean temperature ranges from 4.5 °C (40.1 °F) in January to 22.0 °C (71.6 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 14.22 °C (57.6 °F). Over two-thirds of the annual rainfall occurs from May to August.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Anshun administers one district, two counties, and three autonomous counties. In addition, there are two other administrative areas: the Anshun Economic Development Zone (安顺经济开发区) and the national-level Huangguoshu Scenic Area (黄果树风景名胜区).

Map
Division code[7] English name Simp. Chinese Trad. Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[8] Seat Postal code Divisions[9]
Subdistricts Towns Townships Ethnic townships Residential communities Villages
520400 Anshun 安顺市 安順市 Ānshùn Shì 9253.06 Xixiu District 561000 7 44 36 11 106 1837
520402 Xixiu District 西秀区 西秀區 Xīxiù Qū 1724.24 Dongguan Subdistrict (东关街道) 561000 7 10 7 5 57 498
520403 Pingba District 平坝区 平壩區 Píngbà Xiàn 985.49 Anping Subdistrict (安平街道) 561100 2 7 2 17 193
520422 Puding County 普定县 普定縣 Pǔdìng Xiàn 1090.49 Chengguan (城关镇) 562100 5 6 4 10 317
520423 Zhenning Buyei and
Miao Autonomous County
镇宁布依族苗族自治县 鎮寧布依族苗族自治縣 Zhènníng Bùyīzú
Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn
1709.42 Chengguan (城关镇) 561200 8 8 6 365
520424 Guanling Buyei and
Miao Autonomous County
关岭布依族苗族自治县 關嶺布依族苗族自治縣 Guānlǐng Bùyīzú
Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn
1470.49 Guansuo Subdistrict (关索街道) 561300 8 5 8 241
520425 Ziyun Miao and
Buyei Autonomous County
紫云苗族布依族自治县 紫雲苗族布依族自治縣 Zǐyún Miáozú
Bùyīzú Zìzhìxiàn
2272.94 Songshan (松山镇) 550800 5 7 6 223
Note: Xixiu District includes one subdistrict and two towns of the Anshun Economic Development Zone, while the two towns of Huangguoshu Scenic Area, Huangguoshu (黄果树镇) and Baishui (白水镇), are administered by Zhenning and Guanling Counties, respectively.

EconomyEdit

As of 2019, the city's GDP totaled 92.394 billion Yuan, an increase of 8.1% from 2018.[10] 17.0% of the city's GDP came from the primary sector, 31.7% from the secondary sector, and 51.3% from the tertiary sector.[10]

Major agricultural products grown in Anshun include rice, yams, maize, rapeseed, watermelons, and various vegetables.[10] The city is also home to a sizable animal husbandry industry, which produces mostly pork, but also significant amounts of beef, poultry, and mutton.[10]

Anshun's industry produces both consumer goods and intermediate goods.[10] Major consumer goods produced in the city include detergent, various paper products, liquors, Chinese traditional medicine, and mobile phones.[10] Major intermediate goods produced in the city include construction materials such as stone and cement, raw aluminium, barium salt, and rolling bearings.[10]

In recent years, the city has played an important role in the development of military aircraft, with significant production taking place in the city, and with Anshun Huangguoshu Airport serving as a testing ground for new military aircraft.[11][12] In 2019, the city government announced an initiative to further increase the city's aerospace industry over the next few years.[13]

DemographicsEdit

Anshun City Demographics
Name



Residence population[14](Nov. 2010) Hukou population [15]
(end of 2010)
Total % Population density (persons/km2)
Anshun 2297339 100 247.91 2797871
Xixiu District 765313 33.31 449.13 868669
Pingba County 298034 12.97 298.33 353777
Puding County 378288 16.47 346.42 459605
Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County 283880 12.36 165.05 381192
Guanling Buyei and Miao Autonomous County 301562 13.13 205.42 366814
Ziyun Miao and Buyei Autonomous County 270262 11.76 118.33 367814

According to the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China conducted in 2010, the residence population was 2,297,339, a reduction of 34,402 (1.48%) from the Fifth Census in 2000. The male-female ratio was 107.34 males per 100 females. Persons aged 0–14 numbered 580,910 (25.29%), 15–64 numbered 1,516,977 (66.03%), and 65+ numbered at 199,452 (8.68%). The urban population was 690,138 (only 30.04%).

Ethnic groupsEdit

Among the residence population, there were 1,466,833 people of Han ethnicity (63.85%), with members of various other ethnic groups taking up the other 36.15%.

Tunpo PeopleEdit

The city is home to a significant amount of Tunpo People, many of whom live in Tianlong Tunbao town.[citation needed]

TransportationEdit

The city sits on the Guiyang-Kunming railway [zh], a section on the Shanghai-Kunming railway.[16] Anshun West railway station serves as a stop on the Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway, as well as one of two terminals on the Anshun–Liupanshui intercity railway.[17]

Anshun Huangguoshu Airport (安顺黄果树机场) is located in the city.[16] The airport is a dual-use facilities, offering civilian as well as military air services.[18] The airport's destinations include Chongqing, Guangzhou and Beijing's Nanyuan Airport.[citation needed] Most travelers choose to use Guiyang Longdongbao International Airport and take a coach between there and Anshun.[citation needed]

The G60 Shanghai–Kunming Expressway and National Highway 320 both run through Anshun.[16]

EducationEdit

Anshun Normal University is the largest local institution of higher education,[citation needed] hosting Peace Corps Volunteer TEFL teachers since 2005.

Famous sitesEdit

Tourist attractions and landmarks in Anshun include:

  • Huangguoshu Waterfall ("Yellow Fruit Tree Waterfall"): A waterfall that can be viewed from all angles, even from inside the waterfall. It is the biggest waterfall in Asia.
  • Getu River : the river is situated in a mountainous karst area. Along the river one can find Miao villages and karst caves. It is possible to walk 2000 steps up to the Chuangshang cave where one can get a view of the whole area.
  • Longgong Cave (龙宫洞; "Dragon Palace"): The cave is situated above sea level and one has to walk 200 meters upwards to reach it. From there one can sail into the cave and experience the stalagmites and stalactites of the karst formation. There is also a waterfall by the foot of the cave.
  • Tianlong Tunbao (屯堡) Ming Dynasty Town: The town is situated some 25 kilometres (16 mi) from downtown Anshun. The name Tunbao refers to the places where the troops were stationed to guard the frontiers after putting down the riots during their southern expedition to Guizhou in the Hongwu reign (1368–1398) of the Ming Dynasty. The citizens have stuck to their traditional customs since then. The locals still wear clothes from the Ming Dynasty and the houses are also from that era.
  • Anshun Wenmiao: This Ming Dynasty Confucian temple, situated within Anshun city, is erected to honor the famous philosopher Confucius and his disciples.
  • Zhongdong (中洞; Middle Cave): Twenty families live inside this isolated village, set in a humongous limestone cavern 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) up a mountain. It's thought to be the only year-round settlement inside a naturally occurring cave in China.
  • Tiantai Mountain: The mountain lies in Tunbao tourist site. It has a history of approximately 421 years. It is the only one ancient architectural complex in Guizhou Province which is the imitation of Song-Dynasty-style. The architectural complex is called The Epic of Stone Architectural. Ming general Wu Sangui once resided here.
  • Huajiang Canyon: The only canyon which is famous as the "earth surface crack" canyon. Cliffside inscriptions are in the canyon.

Folk artEdit

Anshun Batiks are a traditional folk Chinese handicraft art of Buyi Minority. People use wax pen to draw various patterns on white cloth such as flowers, birds and some strange shapes. Then, the cloth will be dipped dyeing in the indigotin. Finally, the patterns will be white shapes on a blue ground. Baktis can be used to make dresses and some other daily used things.

Dixi Opera is called the "living fossil of Chinese Opera". The acting style is singing and dancing. The main feature is that all actors wear the xylographic masks and sing the opera which are the ancient style.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-28. Retrieved 2012-03-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Census 2010
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p 历史沿革 (in Chinese). Anshun City People's Government. Archived from the original on 2019-11-23. Retrieved 2020-07-12.
  5. ^ Xu Xiake (2015). 徐霞客游记 [Xu Xiake's Travels] (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhong Hua Book Company. ISBN 9787101107647.
  6. ^ a b c 安顺市历史沿革. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2015-02-27. Archived from the original on 2020-07-12. Retrieved 2020-07-12.
  7. ^ "Archived copy" 国家统计局统计用区划代码 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-04-07. Retrieved 2012-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ 《安顺统计年鉴2011》[full citation needed]
  9. ^ 《中国民政统计年鉴2011》[full citation needed]
  10. ^ a b c d e f g 经济发展 (in Chinese). Anshun City People's Government. Archived from the original on 2020-07-13. Retrieved 2020-07-13.
  11. ^ "China's FTC-2000 aircraft export-version rolls off production line". Xinhua. 2017-06-05. Archived from the original on 2020-07-13. Retrieved 2020-07-13.
  12. ^ Huang, Panyue (2018-09-30). "New combat aircraft for export makes debut flight". China Military. Archived from the original on 2020-07-13. Retrieved 2020-07-13.
  13. ^ 《安顺市人民政府关于印发安顺市八大百亿级工业产业振兴行动方案的通知》 解读材料 (in Chinese). Anshun City People's Government. 2019-07-22. Archived from the original on 2020-07-13. Retrieved 2020-07-13.
  14. ^ 《安顺市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》[full citation needed]
  15. ^ 《中华人民共和国全国分县市人口统计资料2010》[full citation needed]
  16. ^ a b c 安顺市概况地图. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2015-02-27. Archived from the original on 2020-07-12. Retrieved 2020-07-12.
  17. ^ 安六城际铁路今年将通车. gz.chinanews.com (in Chinese). 2020-01-03. Archived from the original on 2020-07-12. Retrieved 2020-07-12.
  18. ^ "Anshun Huangguoshu Airport Profile". centreforaviation.com. Archived from the original on 2020-07-12. Retrieved 2020-07-12.