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Guárico State (Spanish: Estado Guárico, IPA: [esˈtaðo ˈɣwaɾiko]) is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. The state capital is San Juan de Los Morros. Guárico State covers a total surface area of 64,986 km2 (25,091 sq mi) and, in 2011, had a census population of 747,739. It is named for the Guárico River.

Guárico State

Estado Guárico
Flag of Guárico State
Coat of arms of Guárico State
Coat of arms
Si amas la libertad, ven a mis pampas
(English: If you love liberty, come to my plains)
Anthem: Himno del Estado Guárico
Location within Venezuela
Location within Venezuela
Coordinates: 8°42′N 66°37′W / 8.70°N 66.61°W / 8.70; -66.61Coordinates: 8°42′N 66°37′W / 8.70°N 66.61°W / 8.70; -66.61
CapitalSan Juan de los Morros
 • GovernorJosé Manuel Vásquez (2017–present)
 • Total64,986 km2 (25,091 sq mi)
Area rank4th
 7.1% of Venezuela
 (2011 census)
 • Total747,739
 • Rank16th
 2.85% of Venezuela
Time zoneUTC-04:00 (VET)
ISO 3166 codeVE-J
Emblematic treePalma llanera (Copernicia tectorum)
Hato La Fe, Calabozo, Llanos of the Guárico state.
Waterfalls in the El Castrero River.


During colonial Venezuela, the territory of Guárico State was part of the Venezuela Province. The province of Guárico was created as a province of Venezuela in 1848 by decree of President José Tadeo Monagas, and following the Federal War, Guárico State was created as a state of Venezuela in 1864. In the late nineteenth century (from 1881) it was involved in a series of re-arrangements of Venezuelan states, eventually re-emerging as an independent state in 1899. Its first capital was Calabozo (until October 1874), its second Ortiz (until 1934), when the capital was moved to San Juan de los Morros.[2]

Municipalities and municipal seatsEdit


Race and ethnicityEdit

According to the 2011 Census, the racial composition of the population was:[3]

Racial composition Population %
Mestizo N/A 60.4
White 264,036 32.8
Black 45,745 5.8
Other race N/A 1.0

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ (in Spanish), Acerca de Guarico
  2. ^ Historia Archived 2014-03-10 at the Wayback Machine,; accessed 13 March 2017.(in Spanish)
  3. ^ "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)" (PDF). p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2015.

External linksEdit