Joaquín Sinforiano de Jesús Crespo Torres (Spanish pronunciation: [xoaˈkin simfoˈɾjano ðe xeˈsus ˈkɾespo ˈtores]; 22 August 1841 – 16 April 1898) was a Venezuelan military officer and politician. A member of the Great Liberal Party of Venezuela, he served as the president of Venezuela from 1884 to 1886 and again from 1892 to 1898. He began his career as a soldier during the Federal War.
|President of Venezuela|
26 April 1884 – 15 September 1886
|Preceded by||Antonio Guzmán Blanco|
|Succeeded by||Antonio Guzmán Blanco|
|President of Venezuela|
October 7, 1892 – February 28, 1898
|Preceded by||Guillermo Tell Villegas Pulido|
|Succeeded by||Ignacio Andrade|
|Born||22 August 1841|
San Francisco de Cara, Aragua, State of Venezuela
|Died||16 April 1898 (aged 56)|
La Mata Carmelera, Cojedes, Venezuela
|Resting place||Southern General Cemetery|
|Political party||Liberal Party|
Joaquín Crespo became president for the first time in 1884. In 1886 Guzmán Blanco returned as president. Crespo went into exile during the presidency of Juan Pablo Rojas Paúl which marked a break with Guzmán Blanco's policies.
During the second Joaquín Crespo regime, which began in 1892, a new constitution increased the presidential term. The Venezuelan crisis of 1895 saw Venezuela's longstanding dispute with Great Britain about the territory of Guayana Esequiba come to a head with the USA giving diplomatic support to Venezuela. Britain claimed the territory as part of British Guiana while Venezuela saw it as Venezuelan. The disputed border was submitted to international arbitration. The arbitral panel awarded most of the territory to Britain in 1899 after Crespo's death.
In 1897, Crespo did not campaign for a third presidential term but supported Ignacio Andrade against key opponent Jose Manuel Hernandez. Andrade won the election and inaugurated his term on February 28, 1898 . Hernandez decried the results as fraudulent and took up arms. Hernandez was quickly defeated, with resultant political turmoil.
He was buried in the Southern General Cemetery. During the crisis in Venezuela, in 2018, the tomb of Crespo and his wife Jacinta was looted and vandalized, leaving their bodies exposed to the elements.
- "Diputado Richard Blanco denuncia destrozos en el panteón de Joaquín Crespo en el Cementerio General del Sur (video)". La Patilla (in European Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Ignacio Andrade". www.biografiasyvidas.com. Biografias y Vidas. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- Shaw, Albert (1898). "Obituaries". The American Monthly Review of Reviews. New York: The Review of Reviews Co.: 539.