Grove City College

Grove City College (GCC) is a private Christian liberal arts college in Grove City, Pennsylvania.[4] Founded in 1876 as a normal school, the college emphasizes a humanities core curriculum and offers 60 majors and 6 pre-professional programs with undergraduate degrees in the liberal arts, sciences, business, education, engineering, and music.[5][2] Though once associated with the Presbyterian Church, the college is now non-denominational.

Grove City College
Seal of Grove City College.png
Former names
Pine Grove Normal Academy
MottoLux Mea (Latin)
Motto in English
My Light[1]
Religious affiliation
Undenominational, formerly Presbyterian Church (USA)
EndowmentUS$125.6 million[2]
PresidentPaul McNulty
Academic staff
Location, ,
United States

41°9′22″N 80°4′48″W / 41.15611°N 80.08000°W / 41.15611; -80.08000Coordinates: 41°9′22″N 80°4′48″W / 41.15611°N 80.08000°W / 41.15611; -80.08000
CampusRural 180 acres (0.28 sq mi) [3]
ColorsCrimson and White
AthleticsNCAA Division IIIPresidents' Athletic Conference
MascotWillie the Wolverine
Grove City College Logo.png



Founded in 1876 by Isaac C. Ketler,[6] the school was originally chartered as Pine Grove Normal Academy. It had twenty-six students in its first year. In 1884, the trustees of Pine Grove Normal Academy in Grove City amended the academy charter to change the name to Grove City College.[7] By charter, the doors of the College were open to qualified students "without regard to religious test or belief." Isaac Ketler served as president until 1913.[8]

Grove City was also supported by Joseph Newton Pew, founder of the Sun Oil Company. Pew and Ketler's sons, Weir C. Ketler and John Howard Pew, later went on to become Grove City president and president of the board of trustees, respectively.[9][10] During the summer of 1925, J. Gresham Machen gave the lectures that formed the basis of his book, What Is Faith?[11]

World War IIEdit

As World War II began, Grove City College was one of six schools selected by the United States Navy to participate in the highly unusual Electronics Training Program (ETP). Starting March 1942, each month a new group of 100 Navy and Marine students arrived for three months of 14-hour days in concentrated electrical engineering study. ETP admission required passing the Eddy Test, one of the most selective qualifying exams given during the war years.[12] Professor Russell P. Smith was the program's Director of Instruction. By the fall of 1943, there were only 81 civilian men in the student body; thus, the presence of 300 or so servicemen contributed greatly in sustaining the College. This training at Grove City continued until April 1945; library records show that there were 49 classes graduating 3,759 persons.[13][14]

Supreme Court caseEdit

Under President Dr. Charles S. MacKenzie, the college was the plaintiff-appellee in the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case in 1984, Grove City College v. Bell. The ruling came seven years after the school's refusal to sign a Title IX compliance form, which would have subjected the entire school to federal regulations, even ones not yet issued. The court ruled 6–3 that acceptance by students of federal educational grants fell under the regulatory requirements of Title IX, but it limited the application to the school's financial aid department.

In 1988, new legislation subjected every department of any educational institution that received federal funding to Title IX requirements. In response, Grove City College withdrew from the Pell Grant program entirely beginning with the 1988–89 academic year, replacing such grants to students with its own program, the Student Freedom Fund.[15] In October 1996, the college withdrew from the Stafford Loan program, providing entering students with replacements through a program with PNC Bank.[16]

Grove City is one of a handful of colleges (along with Hillsdale College, which did likewise after the aforementioned 1984 case[16]) that does not allow its students to accept federal financial aid of any kind, including grants, loans and scholarships.[17]

Grove City's central quad in the spring

Recent historyEdit

From 1963 until 2016, the American Association of University Professors placed Grove City under censure for violations of tenure and academic freedom because of the dismissal of Professor of History and Political Science Dr. Larry Gara. By the end of this period, Grove City's administration was on the AAUP's list of censured administrations longer than any other college on the list. In its report, the AAUP Investigative Committee at Grove City concluded that "the absence of due process [in the dismissal of professors at Grove City] raises... doubts regarding the academic security of any persons who may hold appointment at Grove City College under existing administrative practice. These doubts are of an order of magnitude which obliges us to report them to the academic profession at large." In 2013 Grove City started working to remove itself from the censure list. Two years later, the school admitted that they would have handled Dr. Gara's case rather differently under their current procedures. This led the AAUP to lift their sanction on the school at its annual meeting in 2016.[18][19][20] Gara received an apology from the school in October 2015.[21]

In 2005, Grove City founded its Center for Vision and Values,[22] further advancing its programs in the humanities. The Center aims to educate the world about faith and freedom by giving its faculty members the opportunity to share their scholarship with a community beyond Pennsylvania. The Center for Vision & Values won a 2010 Templeton Freedom Award for Excellence in Promoting Liberty, in the category of "Special Achievement by a University-based Center." Instituted in the fall of 2003, and named after the late philanthropist and pioneering investor – Sir John Marks Templeton – the Templeton Freedom Awards were the result of a partnership between the John Templeton Foundation and the Atlas Economic Research Foundation, which administers the prize.[23]

In recent years, the college has engaged in many new construction projects, including an expansion to its music and arts center in 2002, a new academic building in 2003, a new student union/bookstore in 2004, and new apartment-style housing in 2006. Grove City's Student Union building was honored with the International Masonry Institute's Golden Trowel Grand Prize for excellence in masonry design and construction in 2005.[24][25] On February 9, 2011 Grove City College announced that it would break ground for construction of a science, engineering and mathematics building – key components of Grove City Matters: A Campaign to Advance Grove City College, which at $90 million is the largest capital campaign in the college's history. The $37.2-million science, engineering and mathematics building is designed to support new modes of teaching, particularly flexible laboratories and small-group interactions. It will help ensure that Grove City College continues to prepare students for future careers in an increasingly competitive work force, officials said.[26] Even more construction projects, and renovations of existing buildings are planned for the next few years.

The college acquired an observatory from Edinboro University of Pennsylvania in February 2008 that will be used for astronomy classes as well as faculty and student research. The observatory's telescope will be operated remotely, from the college's main campus – more than 60 miles (97 km) away. The purchase of the property, three buildings and equipment inside will pave the way for the addition of an astronomy minor on campus. Through this observatory, the college's physics department plans to work with area public schools as well as other colleges and universities on educational and research projects and draw prospective students who are looking for strong physics programs and astronomy coursework.[27]



Grove City offers 55 majors in the liberal arts, sciences and engineering.[28] The college is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.[29] The college's electrical and computer and mechanical engineering programs are accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc. (ABET).[30] Most recently, the Bachelor of Science in Social Work program was approved as a candidate for accreditation through the specialized accreditation offered through the Council on Social Work Education.


Grove City has an acceptance rate of 82.5%.[31] The average GPA of entering freshmen is 3.70 in 2017.[32] The average ACT score of the 2017 incoming freshman class was 26.[32] The average SAT score of the 2017 incoming freshman class was 1231.[32]

US News & World Report's 2020 college rankings place Grove City 120th among 233 "National Liberal Arts Colleges".[33] Consumers Digest Magazine's Top 100 College Values ranks Grove City College, the top value in private liberal arts schools throughout the nation in May 2011.[34]

Connections to think tanksEdit

Although it is a small liberal arts college, Grove City's faculty and administrators significantly influence and impact the ideas of various think tanks around the USA especially on issues involving the environment, education, minimum wage, and anything economic and conservative.[35] Grove City College has international ties, founded in 1955, and on the International Society for Individual Liberty (ISIL) Freedom Network.

The National Center for Neighborhood Enterprise[36] an organization that seeks to provide effective community and faith-based organizations with training and technical assistance, links them to sources of support, and evaluates their experience for public policy to address the problems of youth violence, substance abuse, teen pregnancy, homelessness, joblessness, poor education and deteriorating neighborhoods, publicizes events held at Grove City College.

The Lone Mountain Coalition, part of the Property and Environment Research Center,[37] which claims to be "America's oldest and largest institute dedicated to original research that brings market principles to resolving environmental problems", has ties to Grove City through Michael Coulter, Vice-President of the Shenango Institute for Public Policy, and associate professor of political science at Grove City College.

The college also has ties to the Ludwig von Mises Institute, a libertarian academic organization engaged in research and scholarship in the fields of economics, philosophy and political economy. Several members of the Mises Institute faculty are also faculty at Grove City. Jeffery Herbener is a senior fellow at the Ludwig von Mises Institute and professor of economics at Grove City College. Shawn Ritenour is an associate professor of economics at Grove City College and an associated scholar at the Mises Institute in Auburn, Alabama.[38]

Grove City also has ties to Michigan through Lawrence W. (Larry) Reed, president of Michigan's Mackinac Center for Public Policy.[39] Reed received his B.A. in Economics from Grove City in 1975. Reed is also past president of the State Policy Network.[40]

The Academic Advisory Committee of the John Locke Foundation, a free market think tank in North Carolina, which supports the John William Pope Center for Higher Education Policy, a nonprofit institute dedicated to improving higher education in North Carolina and the nation, includes Dr. Walter E. Williams, the John M. Olin Distinguished Professor of Economics, George Mason University, holder of a Doctor of Humane Letters from Grove City College and John Moore, Former President of Grove City College, who led the college through its withdrawal from federal student loan programs, which completed the college's break from federal ties.


Students are required to take general requirements courses, with science, mathematics/reasoning, and several other courses. The base of the general requirements is centered around a humanities core, with courses on Western Civilization, Art, Literature, and Biblical Revelation. Requirements for majors differ, but typically a student is also required to take three foreign language classes and reach some mathematical proficiency. Many Grove City students take one to three general requirements classes in their freshman, sophomore, and sometimes junior years, along with classes for their respective major.

Many students choose Grove City explicitly for its Christian environment and traditional Humanities curriculum.[citation needed] A three-year required Humanities sequence focuses on the origin, development and implications of civilization's seminal ideas and worldviews. The courses cover content that includes religion, philosophy, history and philosophy of science, literature, art and music.[28] Because of its strong adherence to freedom and minimal government interference, Grove City College is considered to be one of America's foremost colleges that teach the ideas of the Austrian School of Economics.[41] The post-1938 personal papers of Ludwig Von Mises, are housed in the archive of Grove City College.[42] Grove City College also hosts the Austrian Student Scholars Conference. Annually done in February, a collection of students from around the United States present research papers on the history of economic thought or on current developments within the Austrian School of Thought.[43] In addition to traditional business programs, Grove City also offers a degree in Entrepreneurship and a degree in Business Economics.[44]

Policies and environmentEdit

When it opened, Grove City College was one of the first institutions of higher learning in the United States to admit both male and female students. The school currently maintains a one-to-one ratio of men to women, ensuring that the student body is approximately 50% men and 50% women.[45]

Grove City College adopts a strong policy in regard to alcohol use on campus, with first time offenders receiving a one-week suspension from all activities. Legal age students are permitted to consume alcohol off campus, provided that they do not appear inebriated upon their return. Current student organizations must agree to a strong policy regarding alcohol use both on and off campus, their violation resulting in the loss of their charter.[46]

In 2012, The Princeton Review listed Grove City College as the 2nd most LGBT-unfriendly school in the United States.[47] As of 2016, they are ranked 9th.[48]

By refusing to accept federal funds and so-called Title IV financial aid (from the Higher Education Act of 1965), Grove City is not required to adhere to various federal guidelines that (i) prevent sex-based and many other forms of discrimination (e.g., Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972), (ii) regulate investigations into accusations of sexual abuse, (iii) require the collecting and sharing of information about crimes on campus (Clery Act), and (iv) set standards for disciplinary proceedings (Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act).[49]

Religious facilitiesEdit

Grove City College was initially affiliated with the Presbyterian Church, but it is no longer tied to a particular Christian denomination. Students are not required to sign a statement of faith, but they are required to attend a certain number of chapel services per semester, including during the COVID-19 pandemic.[50]

Harbison Chapel has been the longstanding campus facility for Christian services. In 2012, Rathburn Hall was built to function as office space for chapel staff, meeting space for religious groups, and a lounge area for visiting speakers.[51]

Groups and organizationsEdit

GCC hosts approximately 150 Student Organizations and Activities.[52] Among them are:

  • Orientation Board (OB) – welcomes the incoming students beginning on move-in day and throughout the year. The group also plans and holds numerous events the first week freshmen arrive on campus.
  • Swing Dancing Club – Encourages the continuation of classic dance in the youth of today.
  • Student Government Association – acts as the primary communication link between the students and the administration. Members are elected by the student body.
  • Wolverine Marching Band- one of the largest Division III Marching Bands in the country, this 150–175 member ensemble performs at home games, regional high school band festivals and parades, and has performed numerous times at the Magic Kingdom.
  • Symphonic Orchestra – This 90 member student ensemble performs repertoire from a variety of genres including: classical, contemporary, opera, movie themes and pops. The group is composed of music majors and non majors and is directed by Dr. Jeffrey Tedford, D.M.A.
  • Touring Choir – rehearses and performs a varying repertoire of choral music at locations throughout Western Pennsylvania and on its annual tour during spring break.
  • Glee Club – an all-male choir founded in 2008 that performs music on and off campus ranging from contemporary a capella music to hymns and worship music concluding the year with an annual concert in the spring semester.
  • Stonebridge – brings Christian and non-Christian artists to campus and facilitates concerts.
  • Project Okello – the group's purpose is to be an instrument of hope, healing and Christ’s love to the people of Uganda through prayer and action.

Publications and mediaEdit

  • The Bridge – yearbook published in the fall.
  • The Collegian – newspaper published weekly.
  • The Echo – arts journal published in the spring and features student poetry, prose, fiction, photography and artwork.
  • The Entrepreneur – promotes free market economics through student and faculty articles.
  • The Journal of Law and Public Policy
  • The Quad – magazine published quarterly and contains the written works of students, faculty, and alumni. Features creative nonfiction, book reviews, essays, fiction, and some poetry.

WSAJ radioEdit

Assigned its call letters in April 1920, the Grove City College radio station, WSAJ-AM, was one of the first radio stations in the country. The call-letters were predated by experimental stations at the college dating back to 1914. In 1968, WSAJ-FM was put on the air and currently broadcasts at 91.1 MHz, functioning as a learning tool for all students, but especially those in the communication and engineering majors. The 100-watt AM station, operating from a longwire antenna on 1340 kHz, was one of the few remaining stations in the US to share time. It surrendered its broadcast license in 2006. The 1,600-watt FM signal covers a 30 mi radius in Western Pennsylvania. The station broadcasts fine arts programming, college football and basketball games. It also airs community events and high school sports. Students host weekly music shows during the evening hours when school is in session.

Fraternities, sororities, and housing groupsEdit

Fraternities and sororities live on campus, in pre-selected upperclassman halls. Grove City's fraternities and sororities are local and are not affiliated with any of the national Greek umbrella organizations.[53] Many of the social fraternities and sororities were established in the early 1900s and are among the country's oldest local fraternities and sororities. Over the years, other sororities and one fraternity, Chi Delta Epsilon, have ceased to exist. The most recent sorority to become defunct was the short-lived Delta Chi Omega, which was founded in 1980 and lasted approximately one decade. Sigma Sigma Sigma, founded in 1917, changed its name to Zeta Zeta Zeta in 1989 in response to threats of trademark infringement litigation from the national sorority Sigma Sigma Sigma. They then changed their name again in 2018 to The Independents. Other fraternities and sororities have died out (meaning all their active members graduated or left the college) but have been reinstituted via block classes that assumed the organization's name, traditions and practices.

Both fraternities and sororities are overseen by governing bodies. The fraternities each send delegates to weekly meetings of the Interfraternity Council. The sororities' counterpart organization, the Pan-Hellenic Council, also meets each week. In the spring, the two councils hold joint meetings to plan the annual Greek Games. The Greek Games, a multi-day event which involved such activities as water balloon tossing and egg dropping, have declined in notoriety at Grove City College along with the size of Greek organizations; until the 1990s they were well-known on campus, with the majority of the student body either participating or spectating. The annual All Campus Sing, formerly called Greek Sing, includes fraternities, sororities, housing groups, and independent groups and remains a popular competition occurring during Parents Weekend on the campus every year.


Official athletics logo.

Grove City has been fielding athletics teams for over a century. In 1906, they were one of the 39 charter members of the IAAUS, the forerunner of the NCAA.[54]

Grove City College, known athletically as the Wolverines, competes in the Presidents' Athletic Conference (PAC) of NCAA Division III. On the varsity level, Grove City College has basketball, cross country, golf, soccer, cheerleading, swimming, tennis, and track teams for both men and women. Lacrosse, baseball, rugby union and football are varsity sports available to men only, while softball, and water polo are varsity sports offered to women only. In April 2016, men's lacrosse was announced as the 22nd varsity sport and will begin in the 2018 spring season as a member of the Ohio River Lacrosse Conference (joint venture between presidents' Athletic Conference and Heartland Collegiate Athletic Conference).

Grove City also offers a number of club sports to men and women including but not limited to ultimate, and volleyball for men and field hockey, lacrosse, and rugby for women. These teams have been very successful, most notably the men's club volleyball team, which has finished in the top 10 in the country each of the last two years, the men's lacrosse team, which finished in the top 10 in the country in 2015, and both the men's and women's rugby teams which have been ranked in the top 10 in the country by the National Small College Rugby Organization.

Intramural sports for men are as follows: basketball, bowling, dodgeball, football, soccer, softball, table tennis, tennis, ultimate, and volleyball. Women have badminton, basketball, bowling, flag football, indoor soccer, kickball, racquetball, ultimate, and volleyball.

Grove City has several teams with remarkable PAC Championship records. Grove City's women's tennis team had won 25 consecutive PAC championships from 1987 through 2011 and the men's tennis team won 26 consecutive PAC championships between 1990 and 2016. In addition, the women's cross country team has won 27 consecutive PAC championships (1989–2015). The men's swim team also has 5 consecutive PAC championships, 2008–2012, while the women won 10 consecutive PAC championships from 2009 to 2018. Also notable is the overall swim team record of 61 consecutive winning seasons, from 1952 to 2012.

In 2018, the schools assistant sports information director was charged with nearly 100 counts for crimes ranging from privacy violations to possession of child pornography after it was discovered he had been secretly recording students who were showering in the college's locker room.[55][56][57]

Rainbow Bridge, which stretches over Wolf Creek and connects upper and lower campus.


Notable alumniEdit

Notable professorsEdit

Past presidentsEdit

  • Isaac Conrad Ketler (1876–1913)
  • Alexander T. Ormond (1913–1915)[81]
  • Weir Carlyle Ketler (1916–1956)
  • John Stanley Harker (1956–1971)
  • Charles Sherrard Mackenzie (1971–1991)
  • Jerry H. Combee (1991–1995)
  • John H. Moore (1996–2003)
  • Richard G. Jewell J.D. (2004–2014)
  • Paul McNulty (2014–present)


  1. ^ "Grove City College – The Home of the "Wolverines"". Grove City College. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d "Grove City College Fact Sheet". Grove City College. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  3. ^ "Grove City College Bulletin (2019–2020)" (PDF). Grove City College. July 2019. p. 9. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  4. ^ Eekhoff Zylstra, Sarah (June 30, 2016). "Not Too Late for Grove City's 'Sorry' to Professor". Christianity Today. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  5. ^ Barringer, Felicity (August 21, 1983). "Claiming Independence, College Challenges Federal Regulation". Washington Post. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  6. ^ "Grove City College Timeline". Grove City College. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  7. ^ "Discover Mercer County". Archived from the original on July 19, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved February 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Weir C. Ketler, College President, 98". The New York Times. December 20, 1987.
  10. ^ "J. Howard Pew of Sun Oil Dies; Served as Presidentior for 35 Years". The New York Times. November 28, 1971.
  11. ^ J. Gresham Machen (1925), What Is Faith?, New York: Macmillan, "Preface", p. 7.
  12. ^ Test and Research Staff, Bureau of Naval Personnel; "Psychological test construction and research in the Bureau of Naval Personnel. Part V. Navy radio technician training program;" American Psychologist, vol 1(3), Mar. 1946, pp 80–90
  13. ^ Dayton, David M.; "The Naval Training School," Mid the Pines: A History of Grove City College, Grove City Alumni Association, 1971
  14. ^ Watson, Raymond C., Jr.; Solving the Naval Radar Crisis, Trafford Publishing, 2007, pp. 207–208, ISBN 978-1-4251-6173-6
  15. ^ Williams, Walter. "Standing up to the Washington Leviathan". Daily News. of the Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "Tired of intrusions, school cuts ties with government". Daily edition, 10/24/1996, page A9, AP-Pittsburgh. Observer-Reporter, Washington, PA. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  17. ^ "[GCC Financial Aid] FAQ". Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  18. ^ "Academic Freedom and Tenure : Grove City College" (PDF). Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  19. ^ "Censure List".
  20. ^ "GCC action prompts removal of half-century censure by American Association of University Professors". Grove City College. June 20, 2016. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  21. ^ Stacy, Mitch (October 8, 2015). "53 years after his firing, college professor gets apology". Honolulu Star Adviser. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  22. ^ "The Center for Vision & Values at Grove City College – a conservative think tank promoting truth and liberty through a vision of faith and freedom". Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 17, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "Search". Retrieved June 12, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  25. ^ "Search". Retrieved June 12, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 1, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved February 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. ^ "Middle States Commission on Higher Education". Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ "College Search – Grove City College – GCC". Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  32. ^ a b c "Freshman Profile". Retrieved May 29, 2018.
  33. ^ "Grove City College". 2019.
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  35. ^ "Unbossed". Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  36. ^ "History". Center for Neighborhood Enterprise. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  37. ^ "About PERC – PERC – The Property and Environment Research Center". Archived from the original on April 21, 2008. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  38. ^ "Faculty and Staff". Mises Institute. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  39. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved February 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. ^ "About » State Policy Network". Archived from the original on June 26, 2015. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  41. ^ "Major Interview with Mark Skousen on His Life and Works in Economics, Finance, and the Freedom Movement". Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  42. ^ Hoppe, Hans-Hermann (April 1, 1997). "The Meaning of the Mises Papers". Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  43. ^ "Austrian Student Scholars Conference". Retrieved June 8, 2020.
  44. ^ "Entrepreneurship Program at Grove City College – GCC Entrepreneurship". GCC Entrepreneurship. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  45. ^ "Grove City College – Student Life – Best College – US News".
  46. ^ "The Crimson Student Handbook : 2013-4" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 24, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  47. ^ "Ranking Categories: Demographics". Princeton Review College Ranking. The Princeton Review. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
  48. ^ "Grove City College". Retrieved December 20, 2016.
  49. ^ See Ibby Caputo and Jon Marcus, "The Controversial Reason Some Religious Colleges Forgo Federal Funding," The Atlantic, July 7, 2016, accessed online at
  50. ^ Bench, Anxious (October 14, 2020). "College Chapel and COVID-19". Anxious Bench. Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  51. ^ News, Felicia A. Petro/Senior ReporterAllied. "Rathburn Hall ready for Christian groups". Allied News. Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  52. ^ "CAMPUS ORGANIZATIONS". Grove City College. Archived from the original on July 31, 2012. Retrieved May 8, 2009.
  53. ^ "Social Groups". Retrieved September 7, 2015.
  54. ^ Randy R Grant, John C Leadley, Zenon X Zygmont (2015). The Economics of Intercollegiate Sports: Second Edition. ISBN 978-9814583398.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  55. ^ Ricciutti, Gerry (June 13, 2018). "Shocking allegations surround former Grove City College official". WKBN. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  56. ^ Koziol, Brandon. "Former Grove City College employee allegedly records students". Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  57. ^ "WV Man Accused Of Recording Grove City College Students in Locker Room – – Butler, PA". – Butler, PA. June 1, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  58. ^ "Entertainment Briefs from Sept. 11, 2008". The Herald (Sharon, PA). September 10, 2008. Archived from the original on September 15, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
  59. ^ "Peter J. Boettke". The Independent Institute. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  60. ^ "R.J. Bowers Web Page". Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  61. ^ "R.J. Bowers Stats – ESPN". July 22, 2012. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012.
  62. ^ "R.J. Bowers". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  63. ^ Andrew Soell. "Scott G. Bullock – The Institute for Justice". The Institute for Justice.
  64. ^ General Catalogue 1924-1925: Oregon Agricultural College, p. 15.
  65. ^ Hahn, Scott & Kimberly (1993). Rome Sweet Home – Our Journey to Catholicism. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-89870-478-5.
  66. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 14, 2007. Retrieved February 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  67. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 9, 2007. Retrieved February 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  68. ^ "The Cambridge Companion to Anselm". Cambridge University Press. January 17, 2005.
  69. ^ "News Center". Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  70. ^ "Pew Legacy". Grove City College. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  71. ^ "J. Howard Pew". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  72. ^ Alexander, Elton (July 17, 2018). "Tom Tupa, Greg Urbas, Ellis Burks among Greater Cleveland Sports HOF 2018 inductees".
  73. ^ "Dodds, Harold Willis". Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  74. ^ "Intelligent design professor to leave ISU". Des Moines Register. April 20, 2008. Retrieved May 17, 2007.[dead link]
  75. ^ "Music Department Faculty". Retrieved March 7, 2015.
  76. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 10, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  77. ^ "The Center for Vision & Values at Grove City College Paul G. Kengor". Archived from the original on July 1, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  78. ^ "Resume of Hans Sennholz". Retrieved March 7, 2016.
  79. ^ "E. Warren Throckmorton". Grove City College. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  80. ^ "About Walter Williams, opinion columnist from Creators Syndicate". Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  81. ^ "DR. ALEX. T. ORMOND DIES.; President of Grove City College Was Formerly of Princeton Faculty". The New York Times. December 19, 1915. Retrieved April 2, 2009.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit