Great inverted snub icosidodecahedron

Great inverted snub icosidodecahedron
Great inverted snub icosidodecahedron.png
Type Uniform star polyhedron
Elements F = 92, E = 150
V = 60 (χ = 2)
Faces by sides (20+60){3}+12{5/2}
Wythoff symbol | 5/3 2 3
Symmetry group I, [5,3]+, 532
Index references U69, C73, W116
Dual polyhedron Great inverted pentagonal hexecontahedron
Vertex figure Great inverted snub icosidodecahedron vertfig.png
Bowers acronym Gisid

In geometry, the great inverted snub icosidodecahedron (or great vertisnub icosidodecahedron) is a uniform star polyhedron, indexed as U69. It is given a Schläfli symbol sr{​53,3}, and Coxeter-Dynkin diagram CDel node h.pngCDel 5.pngCDel rat.pngCDel d3.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node h.png. In the book Polyhedron Models by Magnus Wenninger, the polyhedron is misnamed great snub icosidodecahedron, and vice versa.

3D model of a great inverted snub icosidodecahedron

Cartesian coordinatesEdit

Cartesian coordinates for the vertices of a great inverted snub icosidodecahedron are all the even permutations of

(±2α, ±2, ±2β),
(±(α−βτ−1/τ), ±(α/τ+β−τ), ±(−ατ−β/τ−1)),
(±(ατ−β/τ+1), ±(−α−βτ+1/τ), ±(−α/τ+β+τ)),
(±(ατ−β/τ−1), ±(α+βτ+1/τ), ±(−α/τ+β−τ)) and
(±(α−βτ+1/τ), ±(−α/τ−β−τ), ±(−ατ−β/τ+1)),

with an even number of plus signs, where

α = ξ−1/ξ


β = −ξ/τ+1/τ2−1/(ξτ),

where τ = (1+5)/2 is the golden mean and ξ is the greater positive real solution to ξ3−2ξ=−1/τ, or approximately 1.2224727. Taking the odd permutations of the above coordinates with an odd number of plus signs gives another form, the enantiomorph of the other one.

The circumradius for unit edge length is


where   is the appropriate root of  . The four positive real roots of the sextic in  


are the circumradii of the snub dodecahedron (U29), great snub icosidodecahedron (U57), great inverted snub icosidodecahedron (U69), and great retrosnub icosidodecahedron (U74).

Related polyhedraEdit

Great inverted pentagonal hexecontahedronEdit

Great inverted pentagonal hexecontahedron
Type Star polyhedron
Elements F = 60, E = 150
V = 92 (χ = 2)
Symmetry group I, [5,3]+, 532
Index references DU69
dual polyhedron Great inverted snub icosidodecahedron
3D model of a great inverted pentagonal hexecontahedron

The great inverted pentagonal hexecontahedron (or petaloidal trisicosahedron) is a nonconvex isohedral polyhedron. It is composed of 60 concave pentagonal faces, 150 edges and 92 vertices.

It is the dual of the uniform great inverted snub icosidodecahedron.


Denote the golden ratio by  . Let   be the smallest positive zero of the polynomial  . Then each pentagonal face has four equal angles of   and one angle of  . Each face has three long and two short edges. The ratio   between the lengths of the long and the short edges is given by


The dihedral angle equals  . Part of each face lies inside the solid, hence is invisible in solid models. The other two zeroes of the polynomial   play a similar role in the description of the great pentagonal hexecontahedron and the great pentagrammic hexecontahedron.

See alsoEdit


  • Wenninger, Magnus (1983), Dual Models, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-54325-5, MR 0730208 p. 126

External linksEdit