Great snub icosidodecahedron

Great snub icosidodecahedron
Great snub icosidodecahedron.png
Type Uniform star polyhedron
Elements F = 92, E = 150
V = 60 (χ = 2)
Faces by sides (20+60){3}+12{5/2}
Wythoff symbol | 2 5/2 3
Symmetry group I, [5,3]+, 532
Index references U57, C88, W113
Dual polyhedron Great pentagonal hexecontahedron
Vertex figure Great snub icosidodecahedron vertfig.png
34.5/2
Bowers acronym Gosid

In geometry, the great snub icosidodecahedron is a nonconvex uniform polyhedron, indexed as U57. It has 92 faces (80 triangles and 12 pentagrams), 150 edges, and 60 vertices.[1] It can be represented by a Schläfli symbol sr{​52,3}, and Coxeter-Dynkin diagram CDel node h.pngCDel 5.pngCDel rat.pngCDel d2.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node h.png.

3D model of a great snub icosidodecahedron

This polyhedron is the snub member of a family that includes the great icosahedron, the great stellated dodecahedron and the great icosidodecahedron.

In the book Polyhedron Models by Magnus Wenninger, the polyhedron is misnamed great inverted snub icosidodecahedron, and vice versa.

Cartesian coordinatesEdit

Cartesian coordinates for the vertices of a great snub icosidodecahedron are all the even permutations of

(±2α, ±2, ±2β),
(±(α−βτ−1/τ), ±(α/τ+β−τ), ±(−ατ−β/τ−1)),
(±(ατ−β/τ+1), ±(−α−βτ+1/τ), ±(−α/τ+β+τ)),
(±(ατ−β/τ−1), ±(α+βτ+1/τ), ±(−α/τ+β−τ)) and
(±(α−βτ+1/τ), ±(−α/τ−β−τ), ±(−ατ−β/τ+1)),

with an even number of plus signs, where

α = ξ−1/ξ

and

β = −ξ/τ+1/τ2−1/(ξτ),

where τ = (1+5)/2 is the golden mean and ξ is the negative real root of ξ3−2ξ=−1/τ, or approximately −1.5488772. Taking the odd permutations of the above coordinates with an odd number of plus signs gives another form, the enantiomorph of the other one.

The circumradius for unit edge length is

 

where   is the appropriate root of  . The four positive real roots of the sextic in  

 

are the circumradii of the snub dodecahedron (U29), great snub icosidodecahedron (U57), great inverted snub icosidodecahedron (U69), and great retrosnub icosidodecahedron (U74).


Related polyhedraEdit

Great pentagonal hexecontahedronEdit

Great pentagonal hexecontahedron
 
Type Star polyhedron
Face  
Elements F = 60, E = 150
V = 92 (χ = 2)
Symmetry group I, [5,3]+, 532
Index references DU57
dual polyhedron Great snub icosidodecahedron
 
3D model of a great pentagonal hexecontahedron

The great pentagonal hexecontahedron (or great petaloid ditriacontahedron) is a nonconvex isohedral polyhedron and dual to the uniform great snub icosidodecahedron. It has 60 intersecting irregular pentagonal faces, 120 edges, and 92 vertices.

ProportionsEdit

Denote the golden ratio by  . Let   be the negative zero of the polynomial  . Then each pentagonal face has four equal angles of   and one angle of  . Each face has three long and two short edges. The ratio   between the lengths of the long and the short edges is given by

 .

The dihedral angle equals  . Part of each face lies inside the solid, hence is invisible in solid models. The other two zeroes of the polynomial   play a similar role in the description of the great inverted pentagonal hexecontahedron and the great pentagrammic hexecontahedron.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Wenninger, Magnus (1983), Dual Models, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-54325-5, MR 0730208
  1. ^ Maeder, Roman. "57: great snub icosidodecahedron". MathConsult.

External linksEdit