Graça Machel DBE HonFBA (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈɡɾasɐ mɐˈʃɛɫ]; née Simbine, pronounced [sĩˈbĩni], born 17 October 1945) is a Mozambican politician and humanitarian. She is the widow of both South African President Nelson Mandela and of Mozambican President Samora Machel. Machel is an international advocate for women's and children's rights and was made an honorary British Dame by Queen Elizabeth II in 1997 for her humanitarian work.
Graça Machel in 2010
|First Lady of South Africa|
18 July 1998 – 14 June 1999
|Preceded by||Winnie Madikizela-Mandela|
|Succeeded by||Zanele Mbeki|
|Mozambican Minister for Education and Culture|
|First Lady of Mozambique|
11 November 1975 – 19 October 1986
|Preceded by||Position created|
|Succeeded by||Marcelina Chissano|
17 October 1945|
Incadine, Mozambique (then Portuguese East Africa)
|Alma mater||University of Lisbon|
Graça Machel is a member of the Africa Progress Panel (APP), a group of ten distinguished individuals who advocate at the highest levels for equitable and sustainable development in Africa. As a panel member she facilitates coalition building to leverage and broker knowledge, and convenes decision-makers to influence policy for lasting change in Africa.
Early life and careerEdit
Graça Simbine was born 17 days after her father's death, the youngest of six children, in rural Incadine, Gaza Province, Portuguese East Africa (modern-day Mozambique). She attended Methodist mission schools before gaining a scholarship to the University of Lisbon in Portugal, where she studied German and first became involved in independence issues. She also speaks French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and English, as well as her native Shangaan language. Simbine returned to Portuguese East Africa in 1973, joining the Mozambican Liberation Front (Frelimo) and working as a school teacher.
Following Mozambique's independence in 1975, Simbine was appointed Minister for Education and Culture. She married Mozambican first President Samora Machel that same year, changing her last name to Machel. Following her retirement from the Mozambique ministry, Machel was appointed as the expert in charge of producing the groundbreaking United Nations report on the impact of armed conflict on children.
In 1997, Machel was honored with the Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II for her contributions and services in the field of human rights protection. One year later, Machel was one of the two winners of the North–South Prize awarded by the North-South Centre of the Council of Europe.
Machel currently serves as the chair of The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH). She also serves as the chair of the Association of European Parliamentarians with Africa (AWEPA) Eminent Advisory Board.
Machel has been chancellor of the University of Cape Town since 1999. She was named president of the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London in 2012. In 2016, Machel was named Chancellor of the African Leadership University, a role that she still holds today.
On 17 July 2018, Machel attended at the 16th Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture, which was located at the Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, alongside South African President Cyril Ramaphosa and former US President Barack Obama. The event was visited by nearly 15,000 people, commemorating the 100th anniversary of Nelson Mandela’s birth.
Simbine married Samora Machel, the first President of Mozambique, in 1975. Together they had two children, daughter Josina (born April 1976 and son Malengane (born December 1978). Samora Machel died in office in 1986 when his presidential aircraft crashed near the Mozambique-South Africa border.
Graça Machel married her second husband, Nelson Mandela, in Johannesburg on 18 July 1998, Mandela's 80th birthday. At the time, Mandela was serving as the first post-apartheid president of South Africa. Mandela died of pneumonia on 5 December 2013.
On 18 July 2007 in Johannesburg, South Africa, Nelson Mandela, Graça Machel, and Desmond Tutu convened The Elders. Mandela announced its formation in a speech on his 89th birthday. The group works on thematic as well as geographically specific subjects. The Elders' priority issue areas include the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, the Korean Peninsula, Sudan and South Sudan, sustainable development, and equality for girls and women.
The Africa Progress PanelEdit
Machel is a member of the Africa Progress Panel (APP), a group of ten distinguished individuals who advocate at the highest levels for equitable and sustainable development in Africa. Every year, the Panel releases a report, the Africa Progress Report, that outlines an issue of immediate importance to the continent and suggests a set of associated policies.
- Mozambican Minister for Education and Culture (1975 – 1989)
- Chairman of National Organization of Children of Mozambique
- Delegate to 1998 UNICEF conference in Zimbabwe
- President of National Commission of UNESCO
- Member of Commonwealth of Nations' Eminent Persons Group
- Member of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation's Ibrahim Prize Committee
- Chancellor of the University of Cape Town
- President of the School of Oriental and African Studies
- Chancellor of the African Leadership University
- Chairperson of ACCORD's Board of Trustees
Honors, awards and international recognitionEdit
- Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, 1997. ( Spain)
- Honorary Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire, 1999. ( United Kingdom)
- Honorary Fellow of the British Academy, 2017. ( United Kingdom)
- Nansen Medal of the United Nations, 1995. ( United Nations)
- Global Citizen Award of the New England Circle, 1997.
- InterAction's Humanitarian Award, 1997.
- North-South Prize of the Council of Europe, 1998. ( Council of Europe)
- Princess of Asturias Award (International Cooperation), 1998. ( Spain)
- World’s Children’s Prize (together with Nelson Mandela), 2005.
- Decade Child Rights Hero (together with Nelson Mandela) by 7.1 million children through a Global Vote, organized as part of the educational World’s Children’s Prize Program, 2009.
- Major award from CARE as result-longstanding work on behalf of children
- Honorary doctorate of Humane Letters from the University of Massachusetts, 2006. ( USA) 
- Doctor of Philosophy (DPhil) Honoris Causa from the University of Stellenbosch, 2008. ( South Africa)
- Doctora Honoris Causa by University of Barcelona, 2008. ( Spain)
- Doutora Honoris Causa by University of Évora, 2008. ( Portugal)
- "Graca Machel: There Is Nothing Exceptional About Me..." This Day Live. 16 August 2014. Archived from the original on 13 July 2015.
- The impact of Armed Conflict on Children. Unicef.org. Retrieved on 2011-11-07.
- Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Nansen Refugee Award". Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- "The North South Prize of Lisbon". North-South Centre. Council of Europe. Archived from the original on 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2008-01-21.
- "Eminent Advisory Board".
- "Reaching Every Woman and Every Child through Partnership" (PDF). World Health Organization. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- "Evening with Graca Machel and Fred Swaniker". Evening with Graca Machel and Fred Swaniker. Ayiba Team. 4 November 2015.
- "Elections to the British Academy celebrate the diversity of UK research". 21 Jul 2017.
- "Barack Obama in coded attack on Donald Trump in his most significant speech since the end of his presidency". 17 Jul 2018.
- "Nelson Mandela Has Died, A Look Back at His Legacy". Biography. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
- "The Elders: Our Work". TheElders.org. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- Elisabeth Braw, Metro International (2011-10-10). "Graca Machel: Within Ten Years Women Will Have Changed Africa". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- Graça Machel and Desmond Tutu (2012-08-01). "Early marriage robs children of their opportunities". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 January 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "Our Leadership - ALU". ALU. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
- "People - ACCORD". ACCORD. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
- "Graça Machel". United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
- "Graça Machel was named The World's Children's Prize Decade Child Rights Hero 2009 for her long and courageous struggle for children's rights, mainly in Mozambique". worldschildrensprize. 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
- "Graça Machel (Mozambique)". Archived from the original on 4 July 2011. Retrieved 7 November 2011.. United Nations Foundation profile
- "UMass honors Nelson Mandela with honorary degree - The Boston Globe". Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- "Graça Machel to receive honorary doctorate from the University of Stellenbosch". University of Stellenbosch. 18 October 2007. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- "Graça Machel, investida doctora honoris causa a la UB". Retrieved 18 July 2018.