Graça Machel DBE HonFBA (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈɡɾasɐ mɐˈʃɛɫ]; née Simbine, pronounced [sĩˈbĩni], 17 October 1945) is a Mozambican politician and humanitarian. She is the widow of both South African president Nelson Mandela and of Mozambican president Samora Machel. Machel is an international advocate for women's and children's rights and in 1997 was made an honorary British dame for her humanitarian work.
Graça Machel in 2010
|First Lady of South Africa|
18 July 1998 – 14 June 1999
|Preceded by||Zindzi Mandela-Hlongwane*|
|Succeeded by||Zanele Mbeki|
|Mozambican Minister for Education and Culture|
|First Lady of Mozambique|
11 November 1975 – 19 October 1986
|Preceded by||Position created|
|Succeeded by||Marcelina Chissano|
17 October 1945 |
Incadine, Mozambique (then Portuguese East Africa)
Josina Z. MachelMalenga Machel
|Alma mater||University of Lisbon|
Graça Machel is a member of the Africa Progress Panel (APP), a group of ten distinguished individuals who advocate at the highest levels for equitable and sustainable development in Africa. As a panel member she facilitates coalition building to leverage and broker knowledge, and convenes decision-makers to influence policy for lasting change in Africa.
Early life and careerEdit
Graça Simbine was born 17 days after her father's death, the youngest of six children, in rural Incadine, Gaza Province, Portuguese East Africa (modern-day Mozambique). She attended Methodist mission schools before gaining a scholarship to the University of Lisbon in Portugal, where she studied German and first became involved in independence issues. She also speaks French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and English, as well as her native Shangaan language. Simbine returned to Portuguese East Africa in 1973, joining the Mozambican Liberation Front (Frelimo) and working as a school teacher.
Following Mozambique's independence in 1975, Simbine was appointed Minister for Education and Culture. She married Mozambican first president Samora Machel that same year, changing her last name to Machel. Following her retirement from the Mozambique ministry, Machel was appointed as the expert in charge of producing the groundbreaking United Nations report on the impact of armed conflict on children.
Machel currently serves as the chair of The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH). She also serves as the chair of the Association of European Parliamentarians with Africa (AWEPA) Eminent Advisory Board.
Machel has been chancellor of the University of Cape Town since 1999. She was named president of the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London in 2012. In 2016, Machel was named Chancellor of the African Leadership University, a role that she still holds today.
Simbine married Samora Machel, the first President of Mozambique, in 1975. They had two children together: Josina and Malengani. Samora Machel died in a plane crash in South Africa in 1986.
Graça Machel married her second husband, Nelson Mandela, in Johannesburg on July 18, 1998, Mandela's 80th birthday. At the time, Mandela was serving as the first post-apartheid president of South Africa. Mandela died of pneumonia on 5 December 2013.
On July 18, 2007 in Johannesburg, South Africa, Nelson Mandela, Graça Machel, and Desmond Tutu convened The Elders. Mandela announced its formation in a speech on his 89th birthday. The group works on thematic as well as geographically specific subjects. The Elders' priority issue areas include the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, the Korean Peninsula, Sudan and South Sudan, sustainable development, and equality for girls and women.
The Africa Progress PanelEdit
Machel is a member of the Africa Progress Panel (APP), a group of ten distinguished individuals who advocate at the highest levels for equitable and sustainable development in Africa. Every year, the Panel releases a report, the Africa Progress Report, that outlines an issue of immediate importance to the continent and suggests a set of associated policies.
- Mozambican Minister for Education and Culture (1975-1989)
- Chairman of National Organization of Children of Mozambique
- Delegate to 1998 UNICEF conference in Zimbabwe
- President of National Commission of UNESCO
- Member of Commonwealth of Nations' Eminent Persons Group
- Member of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation's Ibrahim Prize Committee
- Chancellor of the University of Cape Town
- Chancellor of the African Leadership University
- Chairperson of ACCORD's Board of Trustees
- InterAction's humanitarian award, 1997
- Received major award[clarification needed] from CARE as result-longstanding work on behalf of children
- Named "Decade Child Rights Hero" together with Nelson Mandela (watch here) by 7.1 million children through a Global Vote, organized as part of the educational World’s Children’s Prize Program
- Doutora Honoris Causa by University of Évora, Portugal, 14 November 2008
- Honorary Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire at the request of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown.
- Honorary doctorate of Humane Letters from the University of Massachusetts in 2006.
- Received the World’s Children’s Prize in 2005, together with Nelson Mandela
- Doctor of Philosophy (DPhil) Honoris Causa in March 2008, from the University of Stellenbosch.
- Honorary Fellow of the British Academy in July 2017
- "Graca Machel: There Is Nothing Exceptional About Me..." This Day Live. 16 August 2014. Archived from the original on 13 July 2015.
- The impact of Armed Conflict on Children. Unicef.org. Retrieved on 2011-11-07.
- Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Nansen Refugee Award". Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- "The North South Prize of Lisbon". North-South Centre. Council of Europe. Archived from the original on 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2008-01-21.
- "Eminent Advisory Board".
- "Reaching Every Woman and Every Child through Partnership" (PDF). World Health Organization. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- "Evening with Graca Machel and Fred Swaniker". Evening with Graca Machel and Fred Swaniker. Ayiba Team. 4 November 2015.
- "Elections to the British Academy celebrate the diversity of UK research". 21 Jul 2017.
- "Nelson Mandela Has Died, A Look Back at His Legacy". Biography. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
- "The Elders: Our Work". TheElders.org. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- Elisabeth Braw, Metro International (2011-10-10). "Graca Machel: Within Ten Years Women Will Have Changed Africa". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- Graça Machel and Desmond Tutu (2012-08-01). "Early marriage robs children of their opportunities". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 January 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "Our Leadership - ALU". ALU. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
- "People - ACCORD". ACCORD. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
- "Graça Machel (Mozambique)". Archived from the original on 4 July 2011. Retrieved 7 November 2011. . United Nations Foundation profile
- "UMass honors Nelson Mandela with honorary degree - The Boston Globe". Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- "Graca Machel to receive honorary doctorate from the University of Stellenbosch". University of Stellenbosch. 18 October 2007. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2010.