Glasgow University Union
|Motto||Gradatim Vincemus - Latin: |
(We conquer by degrees)
|Institution||University of Glasgow|
|Location||Glasgow, Scotland, UK|
|Members||c. 20, 400 (15,000 Life Members)|
|Affiliations||Glasgow University Dialectic Society|
University of Glasgow Medico-Chirurgical Society
Glasgow University Sports Association
The GUU organises social affairs for its members, provides catering and entertainment. Students are eligible to become members for free at any point throughout their University career and alumni may become Life Members by applying to the Board of Management.
Students at the university instituted the idea of a union building in 1885 to help promote social interaction on campus. The union's formation was driven by members of Glasgow University Dialectic Society, the Glasgow University Medico-Chirurgical Society and the Glasgow University Athletic Club. The same group formed a Students’ Representative Council in 1886 to raise funds for the building and procured the sum of £5000 from Dr John McIntyre of Odiham, Hampshire.
In 1889 the Glasgow University Students' Representative Council obtained statutory recognition under the Act of 1889 and in 1890 they managed to raise sufficient funds to build the union.
The union was originally accommodated in the John McIntyre Building, named for a major benefactor, which opened in 1890 and was designed by John James Burnet. These premises soon proved to be inadequate however, and a new building at the foot of University Avenue was designed by the architect and former assistant to J.J. Burnet, Alan McNaughton of Arthur & McNaughton in the Scots Baronial style. The new Union building was financed from funds raised by donations to the Student Welfare Scheme, started in 1921 to re-invigorate student life and was erected between 1929 and 1931, with the women of the Queen Margaret Union (QMU) moving into the John McIntyre Building in 1932. The John MacIntyre has been the location of the Glasgow University Students' Representative Council, since the new QMU building opened in 1969. An extension to the Glasgow University Union building was designed by Keppie, Henderson & Partners and opened in 1965, which housed four bars: Deep Six, the Gallery Bar, Altitude and Playing Fields - and the union's nightclub, The Hive. The extension was closed in late January 2013, with demolition of the building following in July of that year. Construction of a new 4,191m2, £13.4 million sports and social facility designed by Page/Park Architects and ECD Architects began in June 2014. This is a shared premises with Glasgow University Sports Association. The GUU element of the building includes a revitalised Hive nightclub and three bars: The Well, Base and G12. The new facility was completed in September 2015 and formally launched on 17 October 2015.
The GUU is one of two unions at the University of Glasgow, the other being the Queen Margaret Union, which was established in 1890, after the first matriculation of women at the university in the wake of its merger with Queen Margaret College.
The reason for this separation is that the GUU originally only permitted men to join, while the QMU only admitted women; in fact, the GUU was the last student union in the UK to have single-sex membership. In 1977, in the wake of the Sex Discrimination Act 1975, there was a referendum to mix the two unions, but this was defeated by a large majority. A mixing campaign got seriously under way in 1979, at one point the strictly all-male "Beer Bar" being occupied by a large mixed group of students. An extraordinary general meeting of the QMU voted overwhelmingly to admit men into membership, a move which subverted the whole structure of separate unions. Eventually, in 1980, a GUU special general meeting voted overwhelmingly to admit women into membership, under threat from the University Court of losing the lease on the extension to its building, with just 139 votes against.
The GUU is a social hub for the university, providing the largest Billiard hall in the west end, bars, live entertainment and a nightclub. It is one of the largest licensed premises in Scotland with nine bars (and a tenth which is portable for use during functions). In addition, members can eat in the Servery, which includes a Subway franchise, relax in the Drawing Room Coffee Shop (formerly the Smoking Room), purchase essentials in the Union Shop and take advantage of two libraries provided for study.
The two libraries and the Reading Room are available for study every day and for booking social events. They are maintained by the Libraries Convener. The current Libraries Convener is Anya Brzeski. The Elliot Library is named after former inter-war Cabinet Minister Walter Elliot; the Bridie Library after Osborne Mavor, physician, dramatist and founder of the Citizens Theatre, who wrote under the pseudonym, "James Bridie". A mural by Fyffe Christie hangs in the room, illustrating the West End Perk, a poem by Bridie. The Reading Room is dedicated to Donald Dewar, former President of the Union, Secretary of State for Scotland and First Minister of Scotland. A portrait of Scotland's first First Minister hangs there in his memory.
After its impromptu initiation as a piano Sing-along and Smoking concert by the then Honorary Secretary Osborne Henry Mavor on the last day of the 1908 Martinmas Academic term, the highlight of the Union's social calendar is the annual 'Daft Friday' black tie ball which continues to be held at the end of the Martinmas term exam diet. Over the years the event has become increasingly elaborate with the entire union building decorated to a theme and devoted to the festivities. Daft Friday is held as a celebration for the president of the union.
Over 2000 students attend the event, which includes revolves around a secret theme and hosts entertainments such as a swing band, string quartet, DJs, ceilidhs and laserquest. Well known bands have also played Daft Friday in recent years, including: Arcade Fire in 2008, Jack Penate in 2009, Bombay Bicycle Club in 2010, Frightened Rabbit in 2011, Basshunter in 2012, Chvrches in 2013, Sub Focus in 2015, Gabrielle Aplin in 2016, Fickle Friends in 2017 and the Hoosiers in 2018.
The evening also includes the James Bridie Memorial dinner; a seven course meal for around 150 guests. Speakers at the 2011 dinner included Charles Kennedy and David Ross, both of whom are former presidents of the union.
The GUU is one of the most successful university debating institutions in the world, winning the World Universities Debating Championships a record 5 times, the European University Debating Championships once and the John Smith Memorial Mace a record 16 times.
The Convener of Debates on the GUU Board is elected from the Union membership and heads the Union Debates Committee. The current Convener of Debates is Blake Gray. The Convener is responsible for the internal and intervarsity debating activities of the GUU. The Union's Debates Chamber spans the first and second floors of the building.
The Union historically held the biennial John Smith Memorial Debate in memory of the former Leader of the Labour Party and former member of the union and Convener of Debates. The last of these was held in 2011, when guest speakers included Shadow Scottish Secretary Ann McKechin and former Conservative Health Minister Gerry Malone, and which was chaired by then Rector of the University and former leader of the Liberal Democrats Charles Kennedy. A bust of John Smith stands at the entrance to the Debates Chamber gallery.
The Union currently holds a biennial Charles Kennedy Memorial Debate, the first having been held in 2015. In attendance at the inaugural memorial debate were: Alex Cole-Hamilton, subsequent Liberal Democrat MSP for Edinburgh Western, Alistair Darling, former Chancellor of the Exchequer and Labour MP for Edinburgh South West, Fiona Hyslop, SNP MSP for Linlithgow and Cabinet Secretary for Culture, Tourism and External Affairs, Ian Duncan, Conservative MEP, Graham Stringer, Labour MP for Blackley and Broughton, Alastair Campbell and former Director of Communications and Strategy at Number 10. The debate was chaired by Former President of the Union and former leader of the Liberal Democrats and MP for North East Fife Sir Menzies Campbell.
World Debating AnniversaryEdit
To mark the 30th anniversary of the World Universities Debating Championships which were founded by Glasgow University Union, GUU held a Grand Show Debate on the subject of Scottish Independence. This was held in the union on 19 November 2011.
The debate featured eight of the union's ten former world champions and was chaired by the union president, Chris Sibbald. Speakers in the debate included: former ITN presenter John Nicolson, Managing Director of McKinsey & Company UK and Ireland Kevin Sneader, Royal Bank of Scotland Global Head of Equities Frank McKirgan, Gillette Chief Marketing Officer and Vice President of Procter & Gamble Austin Lally, now President of Braun and a member of the P&G Global Leadership Council, advocate Manus Blessing, Managing Director of Bain Capital Robin Marshall, former MSP, Duncan Hamilton, and entrepreneur Gordon Peterson.
Over two hundred of the union's distinguished alumni turned out for the event, including: former leader of the Liberal Democrats Charles Kennedy; former Conservative Minister of Health Gerald Malone; Channel Four Business Correspondent Sarah Smith; Labour peers Lord James Gordon and Baroness Smith, wife of former Leader of the Opposition and friend of the union, John Smith; Lord Justice Clerk Lord Gill; football commentator Archie Macpherson and comedian Len Murray.
The debate motion of "This House believes in an Independent Scotland", a controversial issue in current British politics, was hotly contested and resulted in a win for the 1987 World Champion team of Kevin Sneader and Austin Lally. They won a memorable Worlds tournament in UCD in 1987 of 110 teams. The Best Speaker prize was awarded to Duncan Hamilton.
The GUU has an established record of international debating success and prominence. It hosted the first World Universities Debating Championship in its current form in 1981 and again in 1990 and 2001. The Union won the Championship five times, in 1983, 1987, 1992, 1994 and 1997. In addition, the GUU has a distinguished history in the John Smith Memorial Mace, a competition between the winners of regional competitions in Ireland, England, Scotland and, latterly, Wales. It currently holds the record for the most overall wins with a total of sixteen.
In more recent years, the GUU has regularly reached the advanced stages of both the World and European Universities Debating Championships, in addition to winning several domestic UK competitions. The Union most recently made the World Universities Debating Championships Finals in Chennai 2014 and, with a team of Bethany Garry and Owen Mooney, won the European Universities Debating Championship for the first time in August 2017.
The Union is notable for its five annual Parliamentary Debates. This format is unique to the Union, involving an Afternoon Session and an Evening Session of five rounds each. GUU Parliamentaries are not to be confused with the British Parliamentary style of debating. Parliamentary debates currently involve five (fictitious) clubs: the Scottish Nationalist Association, Her Majesty's Loyal Tory Club, the Whigs Club, the Independent Socialists and The World Almighty Distributist League. During Parliamentary debates, speakers are referred to by Parliamentary names, assigned to them akin to "constituencies", but usually of a humorous nature.
Some members join clubs to which they are politically aligned; others join clubs for social reasons or for competitive reasons, hoping to be selected by that club's leader to deliver speeches during desirable rounds of the debate. In each year, the clubs rotate roles, as the "Government", "Opposition", Strong Support, Strong Opposition, and Weak Support/Opposition. The Government presents a Bill containing a preamble and three clauses, which is then argued over the course of about nine hours of debate, concluded by the "Prime Minister" who typically gives a speech of between thirty and sixty minutes to sum up the debate.
The debate is judged by the Clerks Bench, consisting of the Clerk to the House, the Deputy Clerk, and three Assistant Clerks. The current Clerk to the House is Robyn Lawrence and the Deputy Clerk is Blake Gray. The scores are revealed during the last (and longest) debate. In addition to the Club Championship, individual prizes are awarded to the Best Speaker, Most Promising Speaker, Best Maiden Speaker. There are two additional prizes, the Frederick Richters Cup for best performing speaker for whom English is their Second Language and the John Morrison "Hobbit" Prize for outstanding contributions to the GUU debating community.
Each Parliamentary Debate has a theme and the order is usually as follows: The President's Debate (dedicated to the President of the Union), The Secretary's Debate (dedicated to the Board of Management of the GUU), The Dialectic Debate (dedicated to the Dialectic Society), The Old Hacks debate (where graduates and former members of the House return for a dedicated additional round) and the Guests Debate (where members of other debating institutions are invited to participate in the "Guest Round").
The Club Leaders for 2019-20 are:
- Scottish Nationalist Association - Bronagh Hughes
- Her Majesty's Loyal Tory Club - Suzanne Elliott
- The Whig Club - John Bonsall
- Independent Socialists - Joanne Ferguson
- The World Almighty Distributist League - Matilda Handley
The Glasgow University Dialectic Society was the original debating society for students at the University, thought to have originated from some time around the University's foundation in 1451 but re-instituted in 1861. The Dialectic Society was one of the organisations which contributed to the establishment of the union in 1885 and continues to be involved in the debating activities of the union, whilst retaining an independent status. The GUU Convenor of Debates is an ex officio member of the Board of the Dialectic Society, and the third Parliamentary of the year is dedicated the Dialectic Parliamentary.
The union offers an array of regular entertainments and competitions for members and non-members alike. Open Mic runs on a Friday evening from 9pm in The Well along with a number of occasional events such as comedy nights and 'GUU's Got Talent'. The Union currently runs two club nights in the HIVE - HIVE Thursdays and Switch Saturday. The current Entertainments Convener is Daniel Cringean.
It is often considered by members in recent history that the best night in the Union ever was the Freshers' Week performance by Hot Dub Time Machine in 2014. This was organised and convened by the Honorary Secretary, at the time, Rory Slater, and the Convener of Entertainments, Simon Tierney.
The Games Convener was originally charged with ensuring that the tables in the union's Billiard room were kept to a good standard. The current Games Convener is Calum Brown. The Games Committee now runs numerous weekly events as well as the annual 'Month of Games'. All events are free to enter.
Weekly events include the Beer Bar Quiz (Mondays at 8pm), Snooker Competition (Wednesdays), Darts and Pool Competitions (Fridays) and annual events comprise snooker and darts competitions, a dodgeball tournament, drinking and Iron Stomach competitions and B.A.D.G.E. (Big All Day Games Event).
Closure of The HiveEdit
In the autumn of 2011, it emerged that the university was considering proposals to demolish the union's extension building and replace it with increased sports facilities. The union's extension building housed five of the union's bars and its nightclub, The Hive. The reaction to these proposals was met with anger among the student population, particularly as loss of the union's nightclub, would result in the closure of the union.
As a result, the union Board of Management campaigned and lobbied the university senior management group, which resulted in national press attention. Many of the union's alumni reacted to the news of this decision with Duncan Hamilton saying: "This is a total failure to appreciate that for many alumni the GUU was the most influential and important part of their university life."
As a result, the university abandoned its original proposals; rather, opting for a joint-venture for union and sports facilities. University of Glasgow principal Professor Anton Muscatelli issued a statement saying: "The University will only commit the Sports Extension when we are also able to commit to a development of GUU social space that will sustain its activities." This was ultimately achieved, with construction of a new extension building starting in June 2014 and completed in September 2015. The Board of Management of 2015−16, along with the Union's General Manager Anne Marie Bennett, formally opened the Hive on 17 October 2015.
Friends of Glasgow University UnionEdit
Friends of Glasgow University Union (FoGUU) was formed in 2011 as an independent charity to raise funds for projects at Glasgow University Union. A committee of various life members runs FoGUU and meets on a monthly basis. The committee seeks monthly donations from alumni, with patrons' names being displayed in a Patrons' Board in the union.
FoGUU runs activities for life members, including: reunion dinners, golf days and anniversary events. The charity is an extension of the committee that the union's 125th celebrations in October 2010. This culminated in a dinner for over two hundred alumni, hosted by broadcaster, and former union board member, Andrew Neil.
In March 2013, two female debaters visiting the university from Edinburgh and Cambridge for the GUU Ancients Debating Championship complained of incidents of sexist heckling and misogynistic objectification by a number of GUU members. The University's Senate launched disciplinary proceedings against two students, holding a hearing before finding there was "no case to answer". As a result of a separate inquiry launched by the University Union into sexism in its community, conducted by Professor Noreen Burrows, Sandra White MSP and Dr Roddy Neilson, the GUU introduced a new Equality and Diversity policy, Harassment and Bullying policy and Complaints Procedure and made several changes to its Constitution. As part of its response to the culture of sexism identified in the report, the GUU also became the first debating Union in Scotland to introduce diversity quotas, directed towards the increased participation of women in competitions.
The union counts many distinguished figures amongst its former members, including:
- John Buchan, author and former Governor General of Canada
- Menzies Campbell, former leader of the Liberal Democrats (President)
- Donald Dewar, former First Minister of Scotland (President)
- Walter Elliot, former Cabinet Minister, after whom the Elliot Library is named
- Fred Goodwin, former Chief Executive of the Royal Bank of Scotland
- Hugh Henry, Labour MSP and former Scottish Minister for Education (Assistant Honorary Secretary)
- Robert Stevenson Horne, former Chancellor of the Exchequer
- Gerald Malone, former Conservative Minister of Health
- Archie MacPherson, football commentator
- Angus Grossart, investment banker
- Brian Gill, Lord Gill, Lord Justice Clerk
- John Nicolson, former SNP MP and former BBC and ITV News journalist. World University Debating champion in 1983, representing Glasgow.
- Duncan Hamilton, Advocate and former MSP
- Derry Irvine, former Lord Chancellor
- Charles Kennedy, former leader of the Liberal Democrats and Rector of the University (President)
- John MacCormick, one of the founders of the Scottish National Party, former Rector of the University
- Dickson Mabon, former Scottish Office Minister and Labour MP for Greenock (President)
- Andrew Neil, journalist and broadcaster
- Gordon Prentice, Labour MP (President)
- John Smith, former Leader of the Labour Party (Convener of Debates)
- Sarah Smith Scotland Editor for the BBC
- Brian McBride, Chairman of ASOS.com (President)
- David Muir, former CEO of The Channel and pollster and strategist to Rt. Hon Gordon Brown.
- Liam Fox, Conservative MP and former Secretary of State for Defence
- Kirsten Oswald, SNP MP for Renfrewshire East, defeating Jim Murphy in the 2015 elections.
- Paul Sweeney, Labour & Co-operative MP for Glasgow North East, Shadow Under-Secretary of State for Scotland and current GUU board member.
The archives relating to the Glasgow University Union are maintained by the Archives of the University of Glasgow (GUAS).
- Glasgow University Archives - The Glasgow University Union Administrative History
- "Glasgow University Union". www.universitystory.gla.ac.uk. University of Glasgow. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- The Glasgow Story - The Glasgow University Union
- "Extension Redevelopment". Glasgow University Union. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- The Glasgow Story - The Queen Margaret Union
- Glasgow University Archives - The Glasgow University Union Administrative History
- "The objects of the Union shall be to maintain Reading, Writing and Dining Rooms, to promote social interaction among the members, to form a centre to which the various University Societies may be affiliated, and generally to fulfill the function of a Club for the members. The Union shall at all times remain an autonomous body with ultimate sovereignty vested in the members in General Meeting." - GUU Constitution.
- The University of Glasgow Story - The Elliot Library
- "James Bridie Memorial. University Ceremonies". The Glasgow Herald. 21 November 1955. p. 6. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
- Glasgow University Story - The James Bridie Library
- "Archive of news: Daft Friday gets dafter". The University of Glasgow. 20 December 2002. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- "World champions debate Scottish independence" (Press release). University of Glasgow. 18 November 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "University to host debate on the future of Scotland". The Herald. 7 November 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "Glasgow University Union celebrates 30 years of world-class debating". STV News. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- The Glasgow University Union - Inter-varsity Debating Archived 17 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- The Glasgow University Union - Parliamentaries Archived 17 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Glasgow University Union - Games Archived 18 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Milne, Oliver (8 September 2011). "University plan to seize the Hive". Glasgow University Guardian. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- Denholm, Andrew (9 September 2011). "Great debate: Union under threat from university plan". The Herald. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- Leadbetter, Russell (10 September 2011). "Alumni react to threat facing student union". The Herald. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "New sports building to be split with Glasgow University Union". Glasgow University Guardian. 14 October 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2016.