Sex Discrimination Act 1975

The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (c. 65) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which protected men and women from discrimination on the grounds of sex or marital status. The Act concerned employment, training, education, harassment, the provision of goods and services, and the disposal of premises.

Sex Discrimination Act 1975
Act of Parliament
Long titleAn Act to render unlawful certain kinds of sex discrimination and discrimination on the ground of marriage, and establish a Commission with the function of working towards the elimination of such discrimination and promoting equality of opportunity between men and women generally; and for related purposes.
Citation1975 c. 65
Territorial extent England and Wales; Scotland
Royal assent12 November 1975
Other legislation
Repealed byEquality Act 2010
Status: Repealed
Text of statute as originally enacted

The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 referenced:

Sex discrimination against women & men, Discrimination against married persons in employment field, Discrimination by way of victimisation, and Discrimination against applicants and employees. Please read full document for lawful determination of the law as it is written.


Other amendments were introduced by the Sex Discrimination Act 1986, the Employment Act 1989, the Equality Act 2006, and other legislation such as rulings by the European Court of Justice.

The act did not apply in Northern Ireland, however the Sex Discrimination Gender Reassignment Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1999 does.

The act was repealed in full by the Equality Act 2010.[2]

The Equal Opportunities Commission edit

The act established the Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC) whose main duties were to work towards the elimination of discrimination, to promote equality of opportunity between sexes and to keep under review the workings of the Sex Discrimination Act and the Equal Pay Act 1970. The EOC helped individuals bring cases to employment tribunals and to the courts. The EOC is now subsumed into the Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC). ‘Sex Discrimination’, as it is referred to in employment law, was introduced in the 1970s alongside equal pay legislation.

Powers of the Commission edit

The EHRC was empowered to do the following:

  • Bring proceedings in respect of certain provisions and seek a court injunction to restrain the repetition of an unlawful act
  • Commence a claim before an employment tribunal on behalf of an individual.
  • Give practical guidance and advice to persons who appear to have a complaint under the Acts.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ The Sex Discrimination (Gender Reassignment) Regulations 1999
  2. ^ The Equality Act (2010)

External links edit