Girrawheen, Western Australia
Perth, Western Australia
|Population||8,334 (2011 census)|
|• Density||2,033/km2 (5,260/sq mi)|
|Area||4.1 km2 (1.6 sq mi)|
|Location||15 km (9 mi) N of Perth|
|LGA(s)||City of Wanneroo|
In October 1969, the Government, in a bid to offer affordable land for housing following the McCarrey Report, rezoned a large portion of land in the area from Urban Deferred to Urban, which was then included in land set aside for the State Housing Commission under the Mirrabooka satellite city development scheme. The plan never came to fruition, although a town planning scheme was approved by the Shire of Wanneroo in September 1970.
On 26 June 1970, the Shire gazetted the name "Girrawheen", meaning "place of flowers" or "the place where flowers grow" in an Eastern States Aboriginal language, possibly that of the Kambuwal people in southeastern Queensland. The name was already in use for the Girraween National Park near Stanthorpe, Queensland, Queensland, and a suburb of Girraween in western Sydney was gazetted five years later.
Girrawheen is located 15 kilometres (9 mi) north of Perth's central business district, and is bounded by Wanneroo Road to the west, Beach Road to the south, Marangaroo Drive to the north and Mirrabooka Avenue to the east.
Girrawheen residents had a median age of 33 compared to the Perth median of 37, and median incomes were below average for the state — $494 per week compared with $662 per week. The population of Girrawheen was ethnically mixed — while 53.3% were born in Australia, the next most common countries of birth were England 5.4%, Vietnam 5.1%, Burma (Republic of the Union of Myanmar) 3.5%, New Zealand 2.8% and Sudan 1.7%. 3.2% of residents identified as Indigenous Australians.
Two small shopping centres, Newpark and Summerfield, provide for the suburb's daily shopping needs. Larger shopping centres at Marangaroo (Kingsway City), Warwick Grove and The Square Mirrabooka are all located within 4 km of the suburb's boundaries.
The suburb contains four churches—Uniting and Baptist churches in Salcott Road, and Catholic and non-denominational on Girrawheen Avenue—as well as the Maha Bodhi Buddhist monastery which adheres to the Burmese Theravada tradition. The neighbouring suburb of Mirrabooka contains the At-Taqwa mosque.
Numerous parks are dotted through the suburb and many offer courts, ovals and other sporting facilities. A library and community centre are located adjacent to Summerfield shopping area on Patrick Court, and a recreation centre on Hainsworth Avenue, also serve local residents.
Girrawheen is located in the Swan Educational District, and contains three state primary schools and one state high school. The socio-economic profile of the suburb together with the high numbers of Vietnamese, Sudanese and Aboriginal students, some of whom have low literacy or English language skills, mean that all schools in the suburb have been a high priority for Commonwealth and State funding and offer specialist literacy support services not found at many other metropolitan schools. Blackmore Primary School, in the suburb's west, opened in 1971 Girrawheen Primary School, in the centre of the suburb, opened in 1975. These two schools Amalgamated in 2008 on the former Girrawheen Primary School site. The new amalgamated school is named Hudson Park Primary School. After the nearby public space utilised for many team and social activities. Roseworth Primary School, the result of a 2008 amalgamation of Hainsworth (1972) and Montrose Primary Schools, currently accommodates 51 pre-primary and 207 primary students. Classes are currently conducted at the former Hainsworth school site until new buildings are completed at the former Montrose site in 2009. The school also has an Education Support Centre with 29 students. In partnership with Edith Cowan University and the Fogarty Foundation, the new school will include a research facility for teaching methods and behaviour management techniques.
Girrawheen Senior High School, whose catchment area covers the suburb as well as neighbouring Koondoola, Marangaroo and Alexander Heights, was built in 1974 and accommodates 521 students, 42 teachers and 44 other staff. Across this population are represented approximately 50 cultural groups and 27 language groups.
Two private primary schools are also located in the suburb—Our Lady of Mercy Primary adjacent to the Summerfield shopping area, and Emmanuel Christian Primary School in Salcott Road, whilst Mercy College, a Catholic school covering Kindergarten to Year 12 and established in 1972 by the Sisters of Mercy, is located just beyond the suburb's southeastern boundary.
The suburb is served by a number of Transperth bus routes operated by Path Transit and Swan Transit. The 344 (Warwick–Ballajura–Morley) covers Marangaroo Drive, the 389 (Perth–Wanneroo) covers Wanneroo Road, and the 385 and 386 (Perth–Marangaroo) routes along with various routes including 374 and 375 from Mirrabooka bus station cover other parts of the suburb. Route 448 covers Templeton Crescent and route 449 cover Beach Road.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "State Suburbs: Girrawheen". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of metropolitan suburb names – G". Retrieved 6 October 2008.
- "Land Act 1933-1969 – Naming of Localities (per 4276/69)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 26 June 1970. p. 1970:1850.
- Department of Land Information. StreetSmart Perth Street Directory (54th ed.). West Australian Newspapers Ltd. pp. Map 282. ISBN 978-0-909439-67-5.
- Minister for Education (19 February 2008). "Media release: Research partnership to improve teacher training". Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2008.
- Department of Education. "Girrawheen Senior High School - Overview". Retrieved 5 October 2008.[permanent dead link]