Wanneroo Road

Wanneroo Road is a 44-kilometre (27 mi) arterial highway in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia linking Joondanna and Yokine in the south with Wanneroo and Yanchep in the north. As part of State Route 60, it begins from Charles Street in the inner city and becomes Indian Ocean Drive up to Dongara.

Wanneroo Road

Wanneroo Road 047 S Tuart Hill Lawley.jpg
Looking south, towards Perth in Tuart Hill
General information
TypeHighway
Length43.6 km (27 mi)
Opened1920s
Route number(s) State Route 60
Major junctions
South end Charles Street, (State Route 60), Joondanna
 
North end Indian Ocean Drive (State Route 60), Yanchep
Location(s)
Major suburbsTuart Hill, Wanneroo, Yanchep
Highway system

Originally a narrow and often country road with a single lane in each direction it has been periodically widened and (particularly north of Wanneroo) straightened. Around the Carabooda area the road has been realigned. Short sections of the original, narrow road remain providing access to properties and businesses along the road.

The road is also multiplexed with State Routes 81 and 83 for short lengths.

Route descriptionEdit

Wanneroo Road is part of State Route 60, as an alternative route to the Mitchell Freeway (State Route 2) in Perth’s northern suburbs. The road’s southern terminus is London Street (State Route 61) in Joondanna, where it continues southwards as Charles Street, and its northern terminus is at Yanchep Beach Road in Yanchep, where it continues northwards as Indian Ocean Drive. Maintained by Main Roads Western Australia, the road is mostly a four-lane dual carriageway (except within Balcatta where it is six lanes), namely south of Dunstan Road as well as a short section in Carabooda between Trian Road and Bernard Road South, with the remainder in the outer rural northern suburbs a two-lane single carriageway.

The speed limit is predominantly 70 km/h (43 mph); however, it is 60 km/h (37 mph) south of Royal Street in Tuart Hill and within the Wanneroo Town Centre, 80 km/h (50 mph) north of Neerabup Road in Neerabup, and then 90 km/h (56 mph) north of Hester Avenue until its terminus in Yanchep.

From its southern terminus to Beach Road, the road is within the City of Stirling local government area (LGA), after which it forms the boundary between the City of Joondalup and Wanneroo LGAs — this remains as such until Whitfords Avenue, where it is exclusively within the City of Wanneroo for the remainder of its length.

Joondanna to WannerooEdit

Wanneroo Road starts as the continuation of Charles Street from the south at the traffic light Y-intersection at London Street. Commencing within the City of Stirling, it straddles along the suburbs of Joondanna, Tuart Hill, and Yokine, encountering traffic light controlled intersections of Cape and Royal Streets. The first intersection with a major road is with Morley Drive, 2.5 km (1.6 mi) later.

North of Morley Drive, it travels through the suburbs of Balcatta, Westminster, and Nollamara, during which it encounters traffic light controlled intersections at Nollamara Avenue, Amelia Street, Main Street, Balcatta Road, and Victoria Road/Halley Road, eventually reaching a diamond interchange with Reid Highway following a 3.5 km (2.2 mi) run along the aforementioned suburbs. Reid Highway runs uninterrupted under Wanneroo Road, where both ramp junctions are controlled by traffic lights.

Wanneroo Road travels along the suburbs of Hamersley to the west of the road and Balga to the east, reaching a traffic light controlled intersection with Beach Road 1.9 km (1.2 mi) later. Following this intersection the road forms the boundaries of both the City of Joondalup and Wanneroo LGAs. Wanneroo Road then travels through numerous residential suburbs, including Girrawheen and Madeley, for 4.8 km (3 mi) on approach to the industrial suburb of Wangara, intersecting with traffic lights at Warwick Road, Marangaroo Drive, Hepburn Avenue (near the Kingsway City Shopping Centre), Kingsway, Gnangara Road and Whitfords Avenue. Because the T-junctions at Warwick Road and Marangaroo Drive are located within a close distance of each other, Wanneroo Road also carries State Route 81 between those two roads. A similar situation exists with Gnangara Road and Whitfords Avenue, except the short stretch between the two intersections carries State Route 83.

After Whitfords Avenue, the road is exclusively within the City of Wanneroo, travelling along the industrial suburb of Wangara to the east and Woodvale to the west for around 2 km (1.2 mi), where there is evidence of new residential developments. Within Wangara a traffic light controlled T-junction with Prindiville Drive is encountered, before reaching Ocean Reef Road, which is a grade-separated interchange with Wanneroo Road free-flowing over traffic light junctions at Ocean Reef Road.

North of Ocean Reef Road, Wanneroo Road travels along the residential suburbs of Pearsall and Hocking for around 2.5 km (1.6 mi) before entering the Wanneroo town centre. Running within the town centre for 1.7 km (1.1 mi) it intersects with Conlan Avenue/Hastings Street (providing access to Wanneroo Central Shopping Centre) and Dundebar Road. The road then travels through the residential suburbs of Sinagra, Ashby, and Tapping for 4.1 km (2.5 mi), during which it intersects with Pinjar Road and Wallawa Street at traffic light T-junctions, and eventually reaches Joondalup Drive. Like Ocean Reef Road, this is a grade-separated interchange, but in a roundabout interchange configuration and Joondalup Drive free-flowing over the Wanneroo Road roundabout.

North of WannerooEdit

After Joondalup Drive, development starts to become more sparse, and transitions from a suburban to rural landscape. Wanneroo Road travels through predominantly bushland in Neerabup (and along some residential development in Carramar) before reaching a traffic light controlled intersection with Flynn Drive and Neerabup Road 3.5 km (2.2 mi) later. The road continues to travel through Neerabup for 3.1 km (1.9 mi) before reaching a traffic light controlled T-junction with Hester Avenue, which is the northernmost signalised intersection on Wanneroo Road, as well as the northernmost link to both the Mitchell Freeway and fellow arterial road Marmion Avenue. Within that stretch, alongside the road are portions of the original, narrow road that are now access roads for businesses and properties along the route. Now within the suburb of Nowergup, the road reduces a two-lane single carriageway 2.6 km (1.6 mi) north of that intersection, which continues as such until Trian Road in Carabooda, where a four-lane single carriageway reappears and continues as such for 3 km (1.9 mi) until Bernard Road South, reducing to a single carriageway once again. After about 4 km (2.5 mi), Wanneroo Road terminates at a T-junction with Yanchep Beach Road, with the road (and State Route 60) continuing northwards as Indian Ocean Drive to coastal localities beyond the northern limit of the Perth metropolitan area (namely in the Wheatbelt region), such as Lancelin, Cervantes, and Jurien Bay. Indian Ocean Drive would eventually reach Brand Highway as the main route northwards to Geraldton.

HistoryEdit

After the enactment of the Road Districts Act 1871, the Perth Road Board requested that the Legislative Council proclaim eight public thoroughfares through its territory,[1] and on 4 June 1872, Road No.3, intended as a route from Perth to Champion Bay (now Geraldton) via Wanneroo, was published in the Government Gazette.[2] However, the act of proclaiming the road was not contiguous with its development, and progress on surfacing the track occurred at a slow rate.

A proposal to rename the road as "Yanchep Highway" was made in November 1940.[3] The Perth Road Board (now City of Stirling) was in favour of the proposal, subject to the Wanneroo Road Board (now City of Wanneroo) renaming their portion of Wanneroo Road,[3] but the Wanneroo Road Board indicated that they would support a name change if it included Charles Street, in the Perth City Council area.[4] There was no agreement reached.

The road represented the western terminus of the eastern section of Reid Highway between 1994 and 1996, when Reid Highway’s missing link eventually made it continuous in 1996.

In 2008, the intersection with Ocean Reef Road (SR84) was upgraded. A second left turn lane was added for drivers entering Ocean Reef Road westbound from Wanneroo Road from the north, a second right turn lane to enter Ocean Reef Road westbound, and a second left and right turn lane at Ocean Reef Road westbound.

During 2010, Wanneroo Road was duplicated from Wallawa Street to Joondalup Drive. In 2013, traffic lights were installed at Hester Avenue, which was later duplicated in 2017 as part of the Mitchell Freeway extension works.

During 2016 and 2019, significant portions of the road north of Joondalup Drive were duplicated: the section between Flynn Drive and north of Hall Road during 2016 and 2017 as part of the Mitchell Freeway extension works, and then the section between Joondalup Drive and the Flynn Drive/Neerabup Road intersection between 2018 and 2019. Work also started in 2018 to convert the existing traffic light intersections with Ocean Reef Road and Joondalup Drive to grade-separated interchanges, with both works completed by 2020.

JunctionsEdit

LGALocationkmmiDestinationsNotes
StirlingJoondannaYokine boundary0.00.0  London Street (State Route 61) – Leederville, Subiaco, Nedlands south-west /   Charles Street (State Route 60) – North Perth, Northbridge south-eastWanneroo Road terminus; road continues south as Charles Street; Traffic light controlled y-junction
Tuart Hill–Yokine boundary1.00.62Cape Street – Yokine, Tuart Hill, Osborne ParkTraffic light controlled intersection
1.60.99Royal Street – Yokine, Tuart Hill, Osborne ParkTraffic light controlled intersection
Tuart Hill–Yokine–BalcattaNollamara quadripoint2.51.6  Morley Drive (State Route 76) – Karrinyup, Stirling, MorleyTraffic light controlled intersection
Balcatta–Nollamara boundary3.22.0Nollamara Avenue – Nollamara, MirrabookaTraffic light controlled t-junction
Balcatta–Nollamara–Westminster tripoint4.32.7Amelia Street – Balcatta, Westminster, MirrabookaTraffic light controlled intersection
Balcatta–Westminster boundary4.93.0Main Street – Balcatta, Osborne ParkTraffic light controller t-junction
5.53.4  Balcatta Road (State Route 77) – BalcattaTraffic light controlled t-junction
5.73.5Halley Road – Balcatta west / Victoria Road – Westminster eastTraffic light controlled intersection
Balcatta–Westminster–HamersleyBalga quadripoint6.03.7  Reid Highway (State Route 3) – North Beach, Morley, MidlandDiamond interchange
Stirling–JoondalupWanneroo tripointHamersley–Balga–WarwickGirrawheen quadripoint7.94.9Beach Road – Carine, Malaga, DaytonTraffic light controlled intersection
Joondalup–Wanneroo boundaryWarwick–Girrawheen–GreenwoodMarangaroo quadripoint8.95.5  Warwick Road (State Route 81) – Warwick, DuncraigState Route 81 southern concurrency terminus; Traffic light controlled t-junction
Greenwood–Marangaroo boundary9.25.7  Marangaroo Drive (State Route 81) – Marangaroo, BallajuraState Route 81 northern concurrency terminus; Traffic light controlled intersection
Greenwood–Marangaroo–KingsleyMadeley quadripoint10.46.5  Hepburn Avenue (State Route 82) – Hillarys, MalagaTraffic light controlled intersection
Kingsley–Madeley boundary11.27.0Woodlake Retreat west / Kingsway – Darch, Landsdale eastTraffic light controlled intersection
12.37.6  Gnangara Road (State Route 83) – Wangara, EllenbrookState Route 83 southern concurrency terminus; Traffic light controlled t-junction
Kingsley–Madeley–WoodvaleWangara quadripoint12.77.9  Whitfords Avenue (State Route 83) – Padbury, CraigieState Route 83 northern concurrency terminus; Traffic light controlled intersection
WannerooWoodvale–Wangara boundary13.78.5Prindiville Parade – WangaraTraffic light controlled intersection
Woodvale–Wangara–WannerooPearsall quadripoint14.79.1  Ocean Reef Road (State Route 84) – Ocean Reef, Wangara, EllenbrookParclo interchange
Wanneroo18.411.4Hastings StreetEntrance to Wanneroo Central; Traffic light controlled intersection
18.511.5Dundebar Road – WannerooTraffic light controlled t-junction
Wanneroo–SinagraAshby tripoint19.812.3Pinjar Road – Ashby, Tapping, Banksia GroveTraffic light controlled t-junction
Wanneroo–Ashby boundary20.312.6Wallawa StreetTraffic light controlled t-junction
Wanneroo–TappingNeerabupCarramar quadripoint22.914.2  Joondalup Drive (State Route 85) – Joondalup, BullsbrookRoundabout interchange
Neerabup26.416.4Neerabup Road – Clarkson, Mindarie west / Flynn Drive  – Neerabup, Banksia GroveTraffic light controlled t-junction
Neerabup–Nowergup boundary29.518.3Hester Avenue – Ridgewood, Merriwa, Quinns RocksTraffic light controlled t-junction
Yanchep43.627.1Yanchep Beach Road – Yanchep, Two Rocks west /   Indian Ocean Drive (State Route 60) – Guilderton, Lancelin, Jurien Bay northNorthern terminus of Wanneroo Road; Road continues north as Indian Ocean Drive

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cooper, W.S.; G. McDonald (1999). Diversity's Challenge: A History of the City of Stirling. City of Stirling. p. 82.
  2. ^ "Major Roads". Western Australia Government Gazette. 4 June 1872. p. 1872:126.
  3. ^ a b ""YANCHEP-HIGHWAY."". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 21 November 1940. p. 4. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  4. ^ "PROPOSED YANCHEP HIGHWAY". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 14 February 1941. p. 4. Retrieved 27 November 2012.

Route map:

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