Gig Young (born Byron Elsworth Barr; November 4, 1913 – October 19, 1978) was an American actor. He won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (1969). In 1978, he committed suicide after murdering his wife.
Young in 1953
Byron Elsworth Barr
November 4, 1913
|Died||October 19, 1978 (aged 64)|
|Cause of death||Gunshot wound (murder–suicide)|
(m. 1940; div. 1947)
(m. 1950; died 1952)
(m. 1956; div. 1963)
(m. 1963; div. 1966)
(m. 1978; died 1978)
He developed a passion for the theatre while appearing in high school plays. After graduating from high school he worked as a used car salesman and studied acting at night at Phil Hayden Theatre school.
He moved to Hollywood when a friend offered him a ride if he would pay for half the gas. After some amateur experience he applied for and received a scholarship to the acclaimed Pasadena Playhouse. "I had two jobs to support me, never rested, but it was great training and when I landed the part at Warner Bros., I was ready for it," he said.
While acting in Pancho, a south-of-the-border play by Lowell Barrington, he and the leading actor in the play, George Reeves, were spotted by a Warner Brothers talent scout. Both actors were signed to supporting player contracts with the studio.
Warner Bros. as Byron BarrEdit
His early work was un-credited or as Byron Barr (not to be confused with another actor with the same name, Byron Barr) or Byron Fleming. It included appearances in Sergeant York (1941), Dive Bomber (1941), Navy Blues (1941), and One Foot in Heaven (1941). Barr had a bigger part in a short, The Tanks Are Coming (1941) which was nominated for an Oscar.
He was also in They Died with Their Boots On (1941) and You're in the Army Now (1941). He had an uncredited bit part and nearly unseen, in his distinctive voice, he had one line, "How's the ice?", in the Bette Davis film The Man Who Came to Dinner. He was also in Captains of the Clouds (1942), and The Male Animal (1942). Warners loaned him to Fox for The Mad Martindales (1942).
The Gay Sisters and turning into Gig YoungEdit
In 1942, six months into his Warner Brothers contract, he was given his first notable role in the feature film The Gay Sisters — written by Stephen Longstreet (1907–2002) — as a character named "Gig Young". Preview cards praised the actor "Gig Young" and the studio determined that "Gig Young" should become Barr's stage and professional name.
He admits to having "some hesitancy... but I weighed the disadvantages against the advantages of having it stick indelibly in the mind of audiences. There'd be no confusion with some other actor called Gig."
Young took a hiatus from his movie career and enlisted in the United States Coast Guard in 1941 where he served as a pharmacist's mate until the end of World War II, serving in a combat zone in the Pacific.
On Young's return from the war, he was cast as Errol Flynn's rival for Eleanor Parker in Escape Me Never (1947). The film was directed by Peter Godfrey who also helmed Young and Parker in The Woman in White (1948), after which he left Warners, unhappy with his salary.
Young began freelancing at various studios, eventually obtaining a contract with Columbia Pictures before returning to freelancing. He came to be regarded as a popular and likable second lead, playing the brothers or friends of the principal characters.
In a 1966 interview he said, "Whenever you play a second lead and lose the girl, you have to make your part interesting yet not compete with the leading man. There are few great second leads in this business. It's easier to play a lead - you can do whatever you want. If I'm good it always means the leading man has been generous."
Young was Porthos in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's hugely popular The Three Musketeers (1948). Then he supported John Wayne in Wake of the Red Witch (1948) at Republic Pictures and Glenn Ford in Columbia's Lust for Gold (1949).
Young had his first lead in a feature film at RKO in Hunt the Man Down (1951), a film noir. He went back to support roles for Target Unknown (1951) a war film at Universal; and Only the Valiant (1951), a Gregory Peck western.
He was second billed in an RKO Western, Slaughter Trail (1951).
Come Fill the Cup and first Oscar nominationEdit
Young received critical acclaim for his dramatic work as an alcoholic in the 1951 film Come Fill the Cup with James Cagney, back at Warner Brothers. He was nominated for both an Oscar and Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor. Young later gave Cagney a great deal of the credit for his performance.
Young supported Van Johnson in the MGM comedy Too Young to Kiss (1952) which the studio liked so much they signed him to a term contract. After supporting Peter Lawford in You for Me (1952). MGM promoted him to leading man for Holiday for Sinners (1952) but the film was a box office failure.
MGM loaned Young to Republic Pictures for City That Never Sleeps (1953), where he had the star role. Martin Scorsese selected the film to open a Republic Pictures retrospective that he'd curated, citing the movie's amazing energy and creativity in his introduction at New York's Museum of Modern Art in 2018.
Back at MGM, Young had the lead in a 3-D Western, Arena (1953), which was a hit. He was a second male lead again - to Michael Wilding - in the Joan Crawford vehicle Torch Song (1953). Then he left MGM. "I played terrible parts there," he later said. He decided to relocate to New York.
Young claims he rarely performed in comedies until he appeared on Broadway in Oh Men! Oh Women! (1953–54) which ran for 382 performances. Young recalled, "It was a big smash hit but never helped change my type in Hollywood for quite some time. I still played dull, serious parts like Errol Flynn's brother. Yet on Broadway they offered me nothing but comedies."
Return to Warner Bros.Edit
In 1955, Young became the host of Warner Bros. Presents, an umbrella title for three television series (Casablanca, Kings Row, and Cheyenne) that aired during the 1955–1956 season on ABC Television.
He played a supporting role the same year in the Humphrey Bogart thriller The Desperate Hours.
Young is also remembered by many James Dean fans for the "driving safety" interview made shortly before Dean's fatal car accident in September, 1955. Dean wears a cowboy outfit while playing with a lasso and counseling the audience to drive carefully.
After appearing in Teahouse of the August Moon in New York Young returned to Hollywood to lose Katharine Hepburn to Spencer Tracy in Desk Set (1957). He continued to appear on TV in such shows as The United States Steel Hour, Climax!, Goodyear Theatre and Studio One in Hollywood (the latter starring Elizabeth Montgomery, whom he had married in 1956).
Teacher's Pet and second Oscar nominationEdit
George Seaton saw Young on Broadway and cast him as a tipsy but ultimately charming intellectual in Teacher's Pet starring Clark Gable and Doris Day. It earned Young a second Best Supporting Actor Oscar nomination. "This one man changed my image from that one play," Young said.
Young was promptly reunited with Day in an MGM comedy, The Tunnel of Love (1958), though still the second male lead - to Richard Widmark. Also at MGM, he appeared with Shirley MacLaine and David Niven in Ask Any Girl (1959).
On TV he was in the "Walking Distance" episode of The Twilight Zone and had some excellent parts - all male leads - in TV adaptations of The Philadelphia Story (1959), The Prince and the Pauper, Ninotchka (1960) and The Spiral Staircase (1961).
Young returned to Broadway with Under the Yum-Yum Tree (1960–61) which ran for a decent 173 performances.
He was announced for Boys Night Out (1962) but did not appear in the final film. He was going to be in Drink to Me Only with Pat Boone and Clifton Webb for Vincent Sherman but it was not made.
Instead Young made another movie with Day, That Touch of Mink (1962), playing Cary Grant's best friend. He was Elvis Presley's boxing promoter in Kid Galahad (1962), and lost Sophia Loren to Anthony Perkins in Five Miles to Midnight (1962). After supporting Kirk Douglas in For Love or Money (1963), he was given a rare male lead in MGM's A Ticklish Affair (1963), as Shirley Jones's love interest.
On the 1964–65 NBC series The Rogues, he shared appearances on a rotating basis with David Niven and Charles Boyer. It was one of Young's favorite roles, along with Come to the Cup, Teacher's Pet and They Shoot Horses Don't They. He later said, "I loved it, the public loved it, only NBC didn't love it."
They Shoot Horses Don't They?Edit
Young won the Academy Award for his role as Rocky, the dance marathon emcee and promoter in the 1969 film They Shoot Horses, Don't They?. Young had been foisted on Sydney Pollack by the head of ABC Pictures, Marty Baum, Young's former agent.
According to his fourth wife, Elaine Williams, "What he was aching for, as he walked up to collect his Oscar, was a role in his own movie—one that they could finally call 'a Gig Young movie.' For Young, the Oscar was literally the kiss of death, the end of the line".
Young himself had said to Louella Parsons, after failing to win in 1951, "so many people who have been nominated for an Oscar have had bad luck afterwards." However at the time Young called the Oscar "the greatest moment of his life."
Young had a good part in the popular Lovers and Other Strangers (1970), also from ABC Pictures, and toured in Nobody Loves an Albatross (1970) in summer stock. He was in the TV movie The Neon Ceiling (1971), his performance earning him an Emmy. A profile of Young around this time said "that well-established image of the boozy charmer Gig plays on and off camera fools you. That armour surrounds an intense dedicated artist, constantly involved with his profession."
Young's increasing alcoholism began to cost him roles. He collapsed on the set of the comedy film Blazing Saddles during his first day of shooting due to alcohol withdrawal, and was fired by director Mel Brooks.
He had a support role in Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974), an action film from Sam Peckinpah; and was in a horror movie A Black Ribbon for Deborah (1974). He was in TV movies The Great Ice Rip-Off (1974) and The Turning Point of Jim Malloy (1975); then Peckinpah used him again on The Killer Elite (1975).
Young was one of several names in The Hindenburg (1975). He guest starred on McCloud, had a support role in Sherlock Holmes in New York (1976) and a semi-regular part in the TV series Gibbsville (1976–77), based on the movie The Turning Point of Jim Malloy.
Young was married five times.
His first marriage to Sheila Stapler, a Pasadena Playhouse classmate, lasted seven years, ending in 1947. "We were too young, it couldn't have lasted," he later said.
In 1950, he married Sophie Rosenstein, the resident drama coach at Paramount, who was several years Young's senior. She was soon diagnosed with cancer, and died just short of two years after the couple's wedding.
Young met actress Elizabeth Montgomery after she appeared in an episode of Warner Bros. Presents in 1956, and the two married later that year. In 1963, Montgomery divorced Young because of his alcoholism.
Young married his fourth wife, real estate agent Elaine Williams, nine months after his divorce from Montgomery was final. Williams was pregnant with Young's child at the time and gave birth to his only child, Jennifer, in April 1964. After three years of marriage, the couple divorced. During a legal battle over child support with Williams, Young denied that Jennifer was his biological child. After five years of court battles, Young lost his case.
On October 19, 1978, three weeks after his marriage to Schmidt, the couple were found dead in their Manhattan apartment. Police thought that Young shot his wife and then himself. A motive for the murder-suicide was never made clear. Police said there was a diary opened to September 27 with "we got married today" written on it. The couple appear to have died around 2:30 pm and their bodies were found five hours later. Young was at one time under the care of the psychologist and psychotherapist Eugene Landy, who later had his professional California medical license revoked amidst accusations of ethical violations and patient misconduct.
Young's remains were taken to Beverly Hills for his funeral service. Young was buried in the Green Hill Cemetery in Waynesville, North Carolina in his family's plot along with his parents, siblings and an uncle. Young's will, which covered a $200,000 estate, left his Academy Award to his agent, Martin Baum and Baum's wife, Bernice; however, Young's daughter Jennifer launched a campaign in the early 1990s to get the award back from his agent, and struck an agreement that she would get the award back upon the agent's death, which occurred in 2010. For his contribution to the television industry, Young has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6821 Hollywood Boulevard.
|1940||Misbehaving Husbands||Floor Walker||Credited as Byron Barr|
|1941||Here Comes the Cavalry||Trooper Rollins||Short, Credited as Byron Barr|
|Sergeant York||Marching soldier||Uncredited|
|Dive Bomber||Pilot Abbott||Uncredited|
|Navy Blues||Sailor in storeroom||Uncredited|
|One Foot in Heaven||First Groom Asking for Dog License||Uncredited|
|The Tanks Are Coming||Jim Allen||Short, Credited as Byron Barr|
|They Died with Their Boots On||Lt. Roberts||Uncredited|
|You're in the Army Now||Soldier||Uncredited|
|1942||The Man Who Came to Dinner||Bit part||Uncredited|
|Captains of the Clouds||Student pilot||Credited as Byron Barr|
|The Male Animal||Student||Uncredited|
|The Mad Martindales||Peter Varney||Credited as Byron Barr|
|The Gay Sisters||Himself||Credited as Byron Barr (credited as Gig Young in later rereleases)|
|Old Acquaintance||Rudd Kendall|
|1946||They Made Me a Killer||Steve Reynolds||Credited as Byron Barr|
|1947||Escape Me Never||Caryl Dubrok|
|1948||The Woman in White||Walter Hartright|
|The Three Musketeers||Porthos|
|Wake of the Red Witch||Samuel 'Sam' Rosen|
|1949||Lust for Gold||Pete Thomas|
|Tell It to the Judge||Alexander Darvac|
|Hunt the Man Down||Paul Bennett|
|1951||Target Unknown||Capt. Reiner|
|Only the Valiant||Lt. William Holloway|
|Slaughter Trail||Ike Vaughn aka Murray|
|Come Fill the Cup||Boyd Copeland||Nominated: Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Too Young to Kiss||John Tirsen|
|1952||You For Me||Dr. Jeff Chadwick|
|Holiday for Sinners||Dr. Jason Kent|
|1953||The Girl Who Had Everything||Vance Court|
|City That Never Sleeps||Johnny Kelly|
|Torch Song||Cliff Willard|
|1954||Rear Window||Jeff's Editor||Voice, Uncredited|
|Young at Heart||Alex Burke|
|1955||The Desperate Hours||Chuck Wright|
|1957||Desk Set||Mike Cutler|
|1958||Teacher's Pet||Dr. Hugo Pine||Nominated: Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor|
Nominated: Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
|The Tunnel of Love||Dick Pepper|
|1959||Ask Any Girl||Evan Doughton|
|The Story on Page One||Larry Ellis|
|1962||That Touch of Mink||Roger|
|Kid Galahad||Willy Grogan|
|Five Miles to Midnight||David Barnes|
|1963||For Love or Money||'Sonny' John Dayton Smith|
|A Ticklish Affair||Key Weedon|
|1965||Strange Bedfellows||Richard Bramwell|
|1967||The Shuttered Room||Mike Kelton|
|1969||They Shoot Horses, Don't They?||Rocky||Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor|
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
Nominated: BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
|1970||Lovers and Other Strangers||Hal Henderson|
|1973||A Son-in-Law for Charlie McReady||Charlie McReady|
|1974||Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia||Quill|
|The Killer Elite||Lawrence Weyburn|
|The Hindenburg||Edward Douglas|
|1978||Game of Death||Jim Marshall||(final film role)|
|1950||The Silver Theater||Episode: "Lady with Ideas"|
|1951||Pulitzer Prize Playhouse||Episode: "Ned McCobb's Daughter"|
|The Bigelow Theatre||Episode: "Lady with Ideas"|
|1953||Robert Montgomery Presents||Episode: "The Sunday Punch"|
|Schlitz Playhouse of Stars||Episode: "Part of the Game"|
|1954||Producers' Showcase||Simon Gayforth||Episode: "Tonight at 8:30", Segment "Shadow Play"|
|Lux Video Theatre||Episode: "Captive City"|
|1955–1956||Warner Brothers Presents||Host||36 episodes|
|1956||The United States Steel Hour||Dave Corman||Episode: "Sauce for the Goose"|
|1957||Climax!||Edgar Holt||Episode: "Jacob and the Angels"|
|Studio One||Philip Adams/Alan Fredericks||Episode: "A Dead Ringer"|
|1958||Goodyear Theatre||Herman Worth||Episode: "The Spy"|
|1959||The Twilight Zone||Martin Sloan||Episode: "Walking Distance"|
|The Philadelphia Story||C.K. Dexter Haven||Television film|
|1960||Ninotchka||Leon Dolga||Television film|
|Shirley Temple's Storybook||Miles Hendon||Episode: "The Prince and the Pauper"|
|1961||The Spiral Staircase||Stephen Warren||Television film|
|1962||The Alfred Hitchcock Hour||Duke Marsden||Episode: "A Piece of the Action"|
|1963||Kraft Suspense Theatre||Hugo Myrich||Episode: "The End of the World, Baby"|
|1964–1965||The Rogues||Tony Fleming||22 episodes|
|1965||The Andy Williams Show||Himself||1 episode|
|1968||Companions in Nightmare||Eric Nicholson||Television film|
|1971||The Neon Ceiling||Jones||Television film|
Nominated: Emmy Award for Best Lead Actor – Single Appearance
|1974||The Great Ice Rip-Off||Harkey Rollins||Television film|
|1975||John O'Hara's Gibbsville
a.k.a. The Turning Point of Jim Malloy
|Ray Whitehead||Television film|
|1976||McCloud||Jack Haferman||Episode: "The Day New York Turned Blue"|
|Sherlock Holmes in New York||Mortimer McGrew||Television film|
|Gibbsville||Ray Whitehead||6 episodes|
|1977||Spectre||Dr. Amos "Ham" Hamilton||Television film|
Awards and nominationsEdit
|1952||Academy Award||Nominated||Best Actor in a Supporting Role||Come Fill the Cup|
|1970||Won||They Shoot Horses, Don't They?|
|1971||BAFTA Award||Nominated||Best Supporting Actor||They Shoot Horses, Don't They?|
|1971||Emmy Award||Nominated||Outstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role||The Neon Ceiling|
|1959||Golden Globe Award||Nominated||Best Supporting Actor||Teacher's Pet|
|1970||Won||They Shoot Horses, Don't They?|
|1971||Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards||Won||Best Supporting Actor||They Shoot Horses, Don't They?|
|1958||Laurel Award||Nominated||Top Male Comedy Performance||Teacher's Pet (Placed 4th)|
|1959||Won||Top Male Supporting Performance||The Tunnel of Love|
|1963||Top Male Supporting Performance||That Touch of Mink|
- Parish, James Robert (2002). The Hollywood Book of Death: The Bizarre, Often Sordid, Passings of More Than 125 American Movie and TV Idols (3 ed.). Contemporary Books. p. 335. ISBN 0-8092-2227-2.
- Gig Young's family grave & info Archived 2015-02-09 at Archive.today
- By, R. L. (1978, Sep 03). The survivors -still on scene. The Washington Post (1974-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/146924710?accountid=13902
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- Longstreet, Stephen (1942). The Gay Sisters. USA: Random House / Grosset Dunlap. pp. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0034770/.
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- Former washingtonian steps up into big time. (1942, Jul 28). The Washington Post (1923-1954) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/151500647?accountid=13902
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- Scheuer, P. K. (1958, Mar 31). 'Simple life' out for gig. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/167249210?accountid=13902
- Thompson,, Robert J.; Burns, Gary (1999). Making Television: Authorship and the Production Process. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 95–96. ISBN 0-275-92746-6.
- Gig young will play two roles for warners. (1955, Jul 31). Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/166804371?accountid=13902
- Gig young to star in 'teahouse' in N.Y. (1956, Oct 21). Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/166968010?accountid=13902
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- Smith, C. (1965, Aug 02). Gig young as harold hill---distant cousin of rogues. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/155286594?accountid=13902
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- Smith, C. (1971, Feb 07). Gig young: The rogue at twilight stars in 'the neon ceiling'. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/156616256?accountid=13902
- Donnelly, Paul (2005). Fade To Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries (3 ed.). Omnibus. p. 746. ISBN 1-84449-430-6.
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- Kirsta, Alix (20 February 2009). "Nobody's Perfect". Telegraph. Retrieved 20 April 2009.
Despite a long engagement to Gig Young and living with Ben Gazzara, whom she threw over for Rock Hudson ('and we all know what a bum decision that turned out to be') she got married only once, at the age of 47, to the actor John Bay whom she met in London on Small Craft Warnings.
- Strodder, Chris (2000). Swingin' Chicks of the '60s: A Tribute to 101 of the Decade's Defining Women. Cedco Pub. p. 167. ISBN 0-7683-2232-4.
- Lindsay, Mark; Lester, David Lester (2004). Suicide By Cop: Committing Suicide by Provoking Police to Shoot You. Baywood Publishing Company, Inc. pp. 72–73. ISBN 0-89503-290-2.
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- Darst, Elizabeth (March 15, 2002). "OSCARS: Woman Seeks Dad's Statuette". People. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- "Obituary: Eugene Landy". The Telegraph. March 31, 2006. Archived from the original on February 25, 2008.
- Gig young rites will be held in beverly hills. (1978, Oct 24). Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/158747481?accountid=13902
- Brettell, Andrew; King, Noel; Kennedy, Damien; Imwold, Denise (2005). Cut!: Hollywood Murders, Accidents, and Other Tragedies. Leonard, Warren Hsu; von Rohr, Heather. Barrons Educational Series. p. 292. ISBN 0-7641-5858-9.