Gholamhossein Karbaschi

Gholamhossein Karbaschi (Persian: غلامحسین کرباسچی‎, born 23 August 1954) is an Iranian politician and former Shia cleric[2] who was the Mayor of Tehran from 1990 until 1998. He is considered politically reformist and is a close ally of former president Mohammad Khatami. He was arrested, tried convicted and imprisoned on corruption charges in what the New York Times claimed "was widely seen among moderates as a politically motivated attack" by the government's conservatives and hard-liners to thwart President Mohammad Khatami's reformist agenda.[3] He is currently General Secretary of Executives of Construction Party.

Gholamhossein Karbaschi
Gholamhossein Karbaschi by Tasnimnews.jpg
Mayor of Tehran
In office
January 1990 – April 1998
Appointed byAbdollah Nouri
Preceded byMorteza Tabatabaei (acting)
Succeeded byMorteza Alviri
Governor of Isfahan Province
In office
14 February 1983 – 7 January 1990
PresidentAli Khamenei
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Prime MinisterMir-Hossein Mousavi
Preceded byAbdollah Koupayi
Succeeded byMohammad-Reza Vaqefi
Personal details
Born (1954-08-23) 23 August 1954 (age 67)
Qom, Iran
Political partyExecutives of Construction Party
Military service
Branch/serviceGendarmerie[1]
Years of service1980–1983
CommandsIdeological–Political

BackgroundEdit

Karbaschi was trained as a cleric in the holy city of Qom and spent time in Evin prison for his political activities before the Islamic Revolution.[4]

Karbaschi was a driving force for many new modernization efforts. As the Mayor of Tehran he was known for having bulldozed apartment buildings and office buildings built without city approval, removed revolutionary graffiti from walls, planted thousands of trees, banned much of the private traffic in central Tehran and opened more than a hundred parks. Karbaschi also angered bazaar merchants by raising taxes and contributing to the city's soaring real estate prices, earning him the reputation during his time as mayor of "the most loved and hated man in Tehran."[4] He started the first Iranian full colour newspaper, Hamshahri when he was the mayor of Tehran.

Karbaschi was one of the key supporters of President Mohammad Khatami's first presidential election campaign which led to Khatami's landslide victory (1997). After Khatami's victory, a power struggle started within the political establishment of Iran between the reformists and conservatives of the Iranian government. Karbaschi's arrest in April 1998 prompted thousands of student demonstrators to clash with riot police, and the Interior Minister (who was later arrested for sacrilege) to complain that he had not been informed of the arrest despite the fact that Karbaschi was a member of the president's cabinet in addition to being mayor of Iran's capital and largest city.[5]

Trial and imprisonmentEdit

Karbaschi was arrested on 4 April 1998 on corruption charges.[6] The prosecution of Karbaschi was called "the most prominent part of a campaign" by Iranian clerical conservatives "to thwart the reformist administration" of President Mohammad Khatami, rather than an honest attempt to "uncover and punish" financial corruption. The trial was often "a heated debate — at times a shouting match" — between judge Gholam Hossein Mohseni-Ejehei and Karbaschi, who holds the same clerical rank as Ejei. The trial "captured record audiences" while being broadcast on Iranian television, and was "debated in detail" in Iran's press.[4]

In July 1998 Karbaschi was convicted of corruption and misuse of funds and began serving a two-year sentence in May 1999, "despite last-ditch efforts by his supporters"[3] including a petition "signed by more than 130 members of parliament — nearly half the chamber" — asking supreme leader Ali Khamenei for a pardon.[7] In January 2000 Khamenei agreed to decree his amnesty.

Post-releaseEdit

He is also the manager of Ham-Mihan, a new reformist newspaper published in Tehran.[8] This newspaper was forced to stop publishing twice. Once in the collective ban of almost all reformist newspapers in 2000[8] and again in July 2007 after a very short period of publication.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tehran's Jailed Mayor A Former Cleric Turned Maverick Politician", Utusan, 7 May 1999, retrieved 1 August 2017
  2. ^ "Iran's Political Elite".
  3. ^ a b Iran's Ex-President Backs a Jailed Aide The New York Times, 9 May 1999.
  4. ^ a b c The Case of the Tehran Mayor: Reform on Trial The New York Times
  5. ^ The World: The Mayor and the Mullahs; The Mouths That Roared in Iran. The New York Times. 26 April 1998
  6. ^ David Lea (2001), A Political Chronology of the Middle East, Psychology Press, p. 62, ISBN 9781857431155
  7. ^ Middle East, Tehran mayor goes to jail. BBC. 6 May 1999
  8. ^ a b "Another Iranian paper closed". BBC. 16 May 2000. Retrieved 12 September 2014.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

Government offices
Preceded by
Abdollah Koupayi
Governor of Isfahan
1983–1990
Succeeded by
Mohammad-Reza Vaqefi
Preceded by
Morteza Tabatabaee
Mayor of Tehran
1990–1998
Succeeded by
Military offices
New title Representative of the Supreme leader in Gendarmerie
1980–1983
Succeeded by
Ali-Akbar Ashtiani
Party political offices
New title
Party established
Secretary-General of Executives of Construction Party
1996–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Campaign manager of Mehdi Karroubi
2009
Vacant
Preceded by
Mohammad-Reza Zafarghandi

as Islamic Association of Iranian Medical Society representative
Rotating President of the Council for Coordinating the Reforms Front
22 October 2016–20 January 2017
Succeeded by

as Islamic Association of University Instructors representative