Executives of Construction Party

The Executives of Construction of Iran Party[a] (Persian: حزب کارگزاران سازندگی ایران‎) is a reformist[8] political party in Iran, founded by 16[5] members of the cabinet of the then President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in 1996.[7][3] The party is a member of Council for coordinating the Reforms Front.[8]

Executives of Construction Party
General SecretaryGholamhossein Karbaschi[1]
SpokespersonHossein Marashi[2]
Spiritual leaderAkbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (deceased)[3]
Head of CouncilMohsen Hashemi Rafsanjani[4]
Founder
Founded17 January 1996; 25 years ago (1996-01-17)[5]
Legalised15 August 1999; 21 years ago (1999-08-15)[6]
Split from'Traditional Right'[7]
HeadquartersTehran, Iran
NewspaperKargozaran (Official)
Unofficial:[5]
Zan
Ham-Mihan
Hamshahri (1990s)[3]
Bahman
IdeologyReformism[8]
Technocracy[3]
Pragmatism[9]
Liberal democracy[10]
Political position'Modern Right'[3][11]
ReligionIslam
National affiliationCouncil for coordinating the Reforms Front
SloganIslamic Pride and Development of Iran[7]
Tehran City Council
3 / 21
Tabriz City Council
1 / 13
Shiraz City Council
1 / 13

Views and factionsEdit

Economically, the party supports free markets and industrialization; with a high emphasis on the progress and development.[3] The party takes the view that economic freedom is fundamentally linked to cultural and political freedom, but it should not be allowed to conflict with development.[7] The party is divided into two factions in constant struggle, the more conservative "Kermani faction" led by Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani and Hossein Marashi and the more liberal "Isfahani faction" led by Mohammad Atrianfar and Gholamhossein Karbaschi.[12]

MembersEdit

FoundersEdit

The party was formed in 1996. The following sixteen people were its founders; they signed the declaration of its formation[5] and founding board members registering the party in Ministry of Interior in 1999 were:[6]

Name 1996 1999
Esmail Shooshtari  Y N/A
Ataollah Mohajerani  Y  Y
Mohsen Nourbakhsh  Y  Y
Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani  Y  Y
Mohammad Ali Najafi  Y  Y
Morteza Mohammadkhan  Y N/A
Issa Kalantari  Y N/A
Akbar Torkan  Y N/A
Mohammad Gharazi  Y N/A
Bijan Namdar Zangeneh  Y N/A
Gholamhossein Karbaschi  Y N/A
Reza Amrollahi  Y  Y
Gholamreza Forouzesh  Y N/A
Mostafa Hashemitaba  Y N/A
Gholamreza Shafeei  Y N/A
Mohammad Reza Nematzadeh  Y N/A
Hossein Marashi N/A  Y
Faezeh Hashemi Rafsanjani N/A  Y

Party leadersEdit

Current officeholdersEdit

Cabinet
Parliament
Local

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Transliterated Hezb-e Kargozaran-e Sazandegi-e Iran. The party's name has been alternately translated "Servants of Construction Party".[7]
  1. ^ "Mohsen Hashmei's New Position in Executives of Construction Party" (in Persian). Khabaronline. May 18, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  2. ^ "Hossein Marashi: Iran Jails Reformist Ex-Vice President". Huffington Post. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "The Executives of the Construction of Iran (ACI)" (PDF), Iran Social Science Data Portal, Princeton University
  4. ^ ""کرباسچی" دوباره دبیرکل کارگزاران شد؛ محسن هاشمی رئیس شورای مرکزی و مرعشی سخنگو". 25 April 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d Mohammad Ali Zandi. "Executives of Construction of Iran Party" (in Persian). Baqir al-Ulum Research Center. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  6. ^ a b "List of Legally Registerred Parties in Iran". Khorasan Newspaper. Pars Times. July 30, 2000. p. 4. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d e Antoine, Olivier; Sfeir, Roy (2007), "The Servants of Construction", The Columbia World Dictionary of Islamism, Columbia University Press, pp. 164–165, ISBN 023114640X
  8. ^ a b c "Iran: The Davom-e Khordad (2nd of Khordad; 23 May) Movement". Refworld. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  9. ^ Pesaran, Evaleila (2011), Iran's Struggle for Economic Independence: Reform and Counter-Reform in the Post-Revolutionary Era, Taylor & Francis, p. 147, ISBN 1136735577
  10. ^ Rezai, Mehran (2006), The Structure of Global Religious Market and its Role in Producing Religious Violence (With a Case Study of Iran) (PDF), CESNUR, p. 6
  11. ^ Buchta, Wilfried (2000), Who rules Iran?: the structure of power in the Islamic Republic, Washington DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, The Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, p. 14, ISBN 0-944029-39-6
  12. ^ Muhammad Sahimi (12 May 2009). "The Political Groups". Tehran Bureau. Retrieved 21 August 2015.