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Gheorgheni (Romanian pronunciation: [ɡe̯orˈɡenʲ]; Hungarian: Gyergyószentmiklós Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈɟɛrɟoːsɛntmikloːʃ] (About this sound listen)) is a city in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania. The city administers four villages:

  • Covacipeter / Kovácspéter
  • Lacu Roșu / Gyilkostó
  • Vargatac / Vargatag
  • Visafolio / Visszafolyó
Gheorgheni
Gyergyószentmiklós
Municipality
Skyline of Gheorgheni
Flag of Gheorgheni
Flag
Coat of arms of Gheorgheni
Coat of arms
Location of Gheorgheni
Location of Gheorgheni
Coordinates: 46°43′12″N 25°35′24″E / 46.72000°N 25.59000°E / 46.72000; 25.59000Coordinates: 46°43′12″N 25°35′24″E / 46.72000°N 25.59000°E / 46.72000; 25.59000
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Municipality
Government
 • Mayor Zoltán Nagy (Hungarian Civic Party)
Area
 • Total 90.17 km2 (34.81 sq mi)
Elevation 816 m (2,677 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 18,377
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Hungarians 87.54%
 • Romanians 10.79%
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code 535500
Area code(s) (+40) 02 66
Vehicle registration HR
Website www.gheorgheni.ro

Nearby are two natural sites, the Red Lake and Cheile Bicazului, a narrow canyon through the Eastern Carpathian Mountains forming the border with Neamț County.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Visit of Communist Party leaders in 1966

The city historically formed part of the Székely Land region of Transylvania province. It was first mentioned in 1332. It belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary, to the Principality of Transylvania (1557–1765) and the Grand Duchy of Transylvania (1765–1867). Between 1867–1918 it fell within the Kingdom of Hungary. Administratively, the town belonged to Gyergyószék, then, from 1876 until 1918 to the Csík County in the Austria-Hungary. After World War I, by the terms of the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, it became part of Romania and fell within Ciuc County. As a result of the Second Vienna Award, it belonged to Hungary again between 1940 and 1944. After World War II, it came under Romanian administration and became part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, it formed part of the Hungarian Autonomous Province, then, of the Mureș-Hungarian Autonomous Province until it was abolished in 1968. Since then, the commune is part of Harghita County.

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011, the city had a population of 17,705, of which 86.13% (15,250) are Székely Hungarians forming a majority. 1,988 or 11.22% are Romanians. Demographic movement according to the censuses:

 

PoliticsEdit

The City Council has 17 members:

    Party Seats Current Council
  Hungarian Civic Party 11                      
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 6                      

TwinningsEdit

ReferencesEdit