Gerardo Roxas

Gerardo Manuel de Leon Roxas Sr. (August 25, 1924 – April 19, 1982), better known as Gerry Roxas or Gerardo M. Roxas, was one of two children of former Philippine President Manuel Roxas. He was the father of Gerardo "Dinggoy" A. Roxas, Jr. and former Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) Secretary Manuel "Mar" A. Roxas II.

Gerardo Roxas
Gerry Roxas.jpg
Senator of the Philippines
In office
December 30, 1963 – September 23, 1972[1]
Senate Minority Leader
In office
January 26, 1970 – September 23, 1972
Preceded byAmbrosio Padilla
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Post later held by Juan Ponce Enrile
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Capiz's 1st District
In office
December 30, 1957 – December 30, 1963
Preceded byCarmen Dinglasan Consing
Succeeded byVacant
Post later held by Mariano H. Acuña
Personal details
Gerardo Manuel de Leon Roxas

(1924-08-25)August 25, 1924
Manila, Philippine Islands
DiedApril 19, 1982(1982-04-19) (aged 57)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Resting placeManila North Cemetery
Political partyLiberal Party
Spouse(s)Judith "Judy" Araneta
ChildrenMaria Lourdes "Ria" A. Roxas-Ojeda
Manuel "Mar" A. Roxas II
Gerardo "Dinggoy" A. Roxas Jr.
ParentsManuel Roxas and Trinidad de Leon
ResidenceRoxas, Capiz
Alma materDe La Salle University, Ateneo de Manila University, University of the Philippines

As a representative of the First District of Capiz and, later, as a Senator of the Republic of the Philippines (1963 to 1972), Gerry Roxas sponsored legislation that benefited the masses, improved living conditions, provided employment and family income and in general, promoted equitable sharing in the wealth of the nation. He also wrote many bills of national importance and was consistently voted by the Philippines Free Press and other national publications as one of the outstanding Senators of the Philippines.

Life and political careerEdit

Born in Manila on August 25, 1924, Gerry Roxas was heir to a tradition of public service and leadership. His father, Manuel Acuña Roxas of Capiz, was the first President of the Republic. His mother, Trinidad De Leon of San Miguel, Bulacan, was the daughter of the late Senator Ceferino De Leon, who was a member of the Malolos Congress which drafted the revolutionary Constitution of 1896. He finished elementary school at the De La Salle College and high school at the Ateneo de Manila. He studied law at the University of the Philippines College of Law and graduated in 1949. There, he was a member of the Upsilon Sigma Phi fraternity. The following year, he was admitted to the Philippine Bar. In 1955, Gerry Roxas married Judy, the daughter of J. Amado and Ester Araneta, with whom he had three children: Maria Lourdes ("Ria"), Manuel II ("Mar") and the late Gerardo, Jr. (“Dinggoy”).

In 1957, he was elected Congressman of the First District of Capiz and won with an overwhelming majority. He was re-elected in 1961. Gerry Roxas led the Liberal Party senatorial slate in 1963 and, after an exciting contest, emerged the top-notcher, obtaining the highest number of votes cast for a national candidate.[2] In 1965, he ran for vice-president as the running mate of then President Diosdado Macapagal. In the unfinished counting of the abruptly stopped Comelec tabulation, he lost by merely 26,724 votes, the narrowest margin ever recorded in our country's vice-presidential elections. He ran for re-election in the 1969 senatorial elections and emerged as the sole survivor of the entire Liberal Party senatorial slate.

As a young congressman, Gerry Roxas established the Roxas Educational Advancement Committee in 1958. The organization provided scholarship grants to youths in Capiz province.[3] The program later expanded to the nationwide Gerry Roxas Leadership Awards (1967) to motivate and develop the youth's potentials in leadership and service to country. This nationwide program continues to this day.[4]

Martial law yearsEdit

Gerardo M. Roxas (right) during a meeting in West-Germany with secretary of state Karl Carstens (left) in 1964

Gerry Roxas served as Philippine Senator from 1963 until September 1972, when Martial Law was declared by then President Ferdinand Marcos. At that time, he was President of the Liberal Party[5] and was also co-Chairman of the United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO), a multi-sector network which galvanized societal opposition to Martial Law.

As a political fiscalizer, he tirelessly worked at building consensus, uniting Filipinos of different persuasions to forge a common goal: the return to democratic rule in the Philippines. He vigorously advocated for democracy and civil liberties, but did not live to see his efforts fulfilled. Roxas died on April 19, 1982 at the age of 58 in Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City due to cancer.

Gerry Roxas FoundationEdit

His legacy continues to this day through the institution that bears his name – the Gerry Roxas Foundation. The foundation implements programs towards local governance development, barangay justice and peace, health services, youth leadership and development finance. The foundation is headed by his widow, Judy A. Roxas, with his son, former Senator and DILG Secretary Mar Roxas' assistance as an honorary member of the board of trustees.[6]


"You must continue as I must continue to fight, Because we have been pampered by our people. We have been elected to serve and in service we must give all."

— Gerry Roxas to Ninoy Aquino, Ninoy Aquino's Eulogy to Gerry Roxas. Ninoy Aquino and Gerry Roxas have a very close relationship aside from being part of the same political party.[7]

"Only when we are vigilant – ready to participate in the public dialogue, militant in the protection of our cherished rights and assertive in the invalid of constructive dissent—will we be able to reverse the downward trend and ensure the ascendancy of a truly democratic and resilient state, a society responsive to the challenges we face."

— Gerry Roxas

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ President Marcos declared martial law and the Congress of the Philippines was Abolished.
  2. ^ "Official COMELEC Website".
  3. ^ "Gerry Roxas Foundation: History". Retrieved 2018-02-23.
  4. ^ "Gerry Roxas Foundation: Leadership Development". Retrieved 2018-02-23.
  5. ^ "Liberal Party of the Philippines". Archived from the original on 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2019-12-27.
  6. ^ "Gerry Roxas Foundation: Board of Trustees". Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  7. ^ "Senator Ninoy Aquino's Tribute to Senator Gerry Roxas". Mar Roxas. 1982-04-19. Retrieved 2018-03-03.

External linksEdit

Offices and distinctions
House of Representatives of the Philippines
Preceded by
Carmen Dinglasan Consing
Congressman, 1st District of Capiz
Title next held by
Mariano H. Acuña
Senate of the Philippines
Preceded by
Ambrosio Padilla
Senate Minority Leader
Position abolished due to Martial Law
Title next held by
Juan Ponce Enrile
Party political offices
Preceded by
Emmanuel Pelaez
Liberal Party nominee for
Vice President of the Philippines

Succeeded by
Genaro Magsaysay
Preceded by
Cornelio T. Villareal
President of the Liberal Party
Succeeded by
Jovito Salonga