George, King of Saxony
This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Photograph by Nicola Perscheid c. 1900
|King of Saxony|
|Reign||19 June 1902 – 15 October 1904|
|Successor||Frederick Augustus III|
|Born||23 August 1832|
|Died||15 October 1904 (aged 72)|
|Spouse||Maria Anna of Portugal|
Frederick Augustus III, King of Saxony
Princess Maria Josepha
Prince Johann Georg
|Father||John, King of Saxony|
|Mother||Amalie Auguste of Bavaria|
George was born in the Saxon capital Dresden. He was the second son of King John of Saxony (1801–1873) and his wife Princess Amelia of Bavaria (1801–1877), daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (1756–1825).
On 11 May 1859 at Belém Palace, Lisbon, George married the younger sister of King Pedro V of Portugal: The Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal, eldest surviving daughter of Queen Maria II of Portugal and her consort Prince Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry. Maria Anna died young and George stayed unmarried for the rest of his long life.
|Marie Johanna Amalie Ferdinande Antonie Luise Juliane||19 June 1860||2 March 1861(aged 0)||died in childhood, no issue|
|Elisabeth Albertine Karoline Sidonie Ferdinande Leopoldine Antonie Auguste Clementine||14 February 1862||18 May 1863(aged 1)||died in childhood, no issue|
|Mathilde Marie Auguste Viktorie Leopoldine Karoline Luise Franziska Josepha||19 March 1863||27 March 1933(aged 70)||died unmarried, no issue|
|Frederick Augustus Johann Ludwig Karl Gustav Gregor Philipp||25 May 1865||18 February 1932(aged 66)||married Princess Louise of Tuscany (1870–1947), had issue|
|Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth Pia Angelica Margarethe||31 May 1867||28 May 1944(aged 76)||married to her second cousin Archduke Otto Franz of Austria (1865–1906), had issue|
|Johann Georg Pius Karl Leopold Maria Januarius Anacletus||10 July 1869||24 November 1938(aged 69)||married first Duchess Maria Isabella of Württemberg (1871–1904) and second Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1874–1906)|
|Maximilian Wilhelm August Albert Karl Gregor Odo||17 November 1870||12 January 1951(aged 80)||ordained as a Roman Catholic priest|
|Albert Karl Anton Ludwig Wilhelm Viktor||25 February 1875||16 September 1900(aged 25)||died unmarried, no issue, the result of injuries sustained in a carriage crash caused by Prince Miguel of Braganza|
George served under his brother Albert's command during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and in the Franco-German War. In the re-organisation of the army which accompanied the march towards Paris, his brother the Crown Prince gained a separate command over the 4th army (Army of the Meuse) consisting of the Saxon XII corps, the Prussian Guard corps, and the IV (Prussian Saxony) corps and George succeeded him in command of the XII corps.
In 1871, Prince George was awarded the
King of SaxonyEdit
Prince George was a Generalfeldmarschall before his ascension. It gradually became clear that George's older brother Albert I (1828–1902) and his wife Queen Carola (1833–1907) would not have any children, thereby making George the heir presumptive to the throne. He succeeded Albert I as King of Saxony on 19 June 1902, albeit for just a brief two-year reign. He died in Pillnitz and was succeeded by his eldest son Frederick Augustus III (1865–1932), who was deposed in 1918.
King George was a controversial figure. He divorced by royal decree his eldest son from his daughter-in-law, Crown Princess Luise. Luise's flight from Dresden was due to her father-in-law's threatening to have her interned in Sonnestein Mental Asylum for life.
- Kingdom of Saxony:
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross, Saxe-Ernestine House Order, 1854
- Kingdom of Bavaria: Knight of St. Hubert, 1853
- Brunswick: Grand Cross, Order of Henry the Lion, 1857
- Grand Duchy of Hesse:
- Grand Cross, Ludwig Order, 9 June 1851
- Military Merit Cross, 9 July 1871
- Hesse-Kassel: Knight of the Golden Lion, 27 September 1857
- Kingdom of Prussia:
- Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Grand Cross, Order of the White Falcon, 1850
- Nassau: Knight of the Golden Lion of Nassau, November 1865
- Oldenburg: Grand Cross with Golden Crown, House and Merit Order of Peter Frederick Louis, 29 April 1876
- Austrian Empire:
- Belgium: Grand Cordon, Royal Order of Leopold I, 1855
- Russian Empire: Knight of St. Andrew
|Ancestors of George, King of Saxony|
- Staatshandbuch für den Freistaat Sachsen (1867) (in German), "Königliche Ritter-Orden", pp. 3, 6, 45.
- Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1890), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 44
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1862), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 33, 45
- Justus Perthes, Almanach de Gotha (1904) page 91
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreichs Bayern (in German). Königl. Oberpostamt. 1867. p. 10. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
- Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Herzogtums Braunschweig für das Jahr 1897, "Herzogliche Orden Heinrich des Löwen" p. 10
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" pp. 10, 130
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch ... Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 44
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Preußen (1902), "Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 43
- Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1900), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 15
- Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Nassau (1866), "Herzogliche Orden" p. 9
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1907), "Königliche Orden" pp. 28, 64
- Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg: 1878. Schulze. 1878. p. 34.
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Boettger, T. F. "Chevaliers de la Toisón d'Or - Knights of the Golden Fleece". La Confrérie Amicale. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
- Le livre d'or de l'ordre de Léopold et de la croix de fer, Volume 1 /Ferdinand Veldekens