Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Saxony

Prince Maximilian of Saxony (Maximilian Maria Joseph Anton Johann Baptist Johann Evangelista Ignaz Augustin Xavier Aloys Johann Nepomuk Januar Hermenegild Agnellis Paschalis; Dresden, 13 April 1759 – Dresden, 3 January 1838) was a German prince and a member of the House of Wettin. He was the sixth but third and youngest surviving son of Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony, and the composer Duchess Maria Antonia Walpurgis of Bavaria.

Prince Maximilian
Maximilian Saxony.jpg
Hereditary Prince of Saxony
Tenure5 May 1827 – 1 September 1830
SuccessorFrederick Augustus
Born(1759-04-13)13 April 1759
Died3 January 1838(1838-01-03) (aged 78)
m. 1792; died 1804)
IssuePrincess Amalie
Maria Ferdinanda, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Frederick Augustus II
Prince Clemens
Maria Anna, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
John I
Maria Josepha Amalia, Queen of Spain
Full name
German: Maximilian Maria Joseph Anton Johann Baptist Johann Evangelista Ignaz Augustin Xavier Aloys Johann Nepomuk Januar Hermenegild Agnellis Paschalis
FatherFrederick Christian, Elector of Saxony
MotherMaria Antonia Walpurgis of Bavaria
ReligionRoman Catholicism


Since he was the youngest son of the family, Maximilian initially had little chance to inherit the Electorate of Saxony. However, by 1800, Maximilian was the third in line to the Electorate, because all the children of his two older brothers, Frederick Augustus and Anthony, died in infancy, except Maria Augusta, Frederick Augustus's only surviving offspring. After the creation of the Kingdom of Saxony in 1806, Maximilian became a Prince of Saxony.

After the death of Frederick Augustus in 1827, Anthony succeeded him as King. Maximilian became first in line to the Saxon throne as Hereditary Prince (German: Thronfolger). However, three years later, on 1 September 1830, during the Autumn Disturbances, he renounced his rights of succession in favour of his eldest son, Frederick Augustus. He died eight years later, aged seventy-eight.

Marriages and issueEdit

In Parma on 22 April 1792 (by proxy) and again in Dresden on 9 May 1792 (in person), Maximilian married firstly, the Princess Caroline of Bourbon (Carolina Maria Teresa Giuseppa), eldest child of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma and Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, a sister-in-law of his uncle Albert, Prince of Saxony and Duke of Teschen. Maxilimian and Caroline had seven children:

In Lucca on 15 October 1825 (by proxy) and again in Dresden on 7 November 1825 (in person), Maximilian married Princess Luise of Bourbon (Maria Luisa Carlotta), daughter of the King Louis of Etruria and niece of his first wife, Caroline. She was forty-three years younger than her husband. They had no children.




  1. ^ "Caballeros Existentes en la Insignie Orden del Toison de Oro", Calendario manual y guía de forasteros en Madrid (in Spanish): 41, 1819, retrieved 17 March 2020
  2. ^ António M. Trigueiros & Gustav A. Tammann (1997). "The Three Portugese Military Orders of Knighthood (1789-1910)" (PDF). Orders and Medals Society of America: 17. Retrieved 21 March 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 99.