Benedicta Henrietta of the Palatinate

Princess Palatine Benedicta Henrietta (Benedicta Henrietta Philippina; 14 March 1652 – 12 August 1730) was Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg, or of Hanover, by her marriage to Duke John Frederick. She was the third and youngest daughter of Prince Palatine Edward and the political hostess Anna Gonzaga.

Benedicta Henrietta of Hanover
Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Benedicta Henrietta, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneberg.jpg
Born(1652-03-14)14 March 1652
Paris, France
Died12 August 1730(1730-08-12) (aged 78)
Braunschweiger Schloss, Hanover, Germany
SpouseJohn Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Duchess Anne Sophie
Charlotte, Duchess of Modena
Duchess Henriette Maria
Wilhelmine, Holy Roman Empress
HousePalatinate-Simmern (by birth)
Hanover (by marriage)
FatherEdward, Prince Palatine
MotherAnna Gonzaga


Born in Paris to the landless Prince Palatine Edward, Bénédicte Henriette's paternal grandparents were Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth Stuart, the Winter Queen. Her maternal grandparents were Charles I, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat and his French wife Catherine de Mayenne, daughter of Charles de Lorraine-Guise, Duke of Mayenne. She was the youngest of three daughters.

Bénédicte was reared by Louise de La Fayette, a courtier-turned-nun known as Sister Louise-Angélique.[1]

Duchess of Brunswick-LüneburgEdit

She was married at the age of sixteen to a distant cousin, John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who was the same age as her father, and childless. They were married on 30 November 1668. The union, which had been arranged by the French diplomatist Gourville,[2] produced four daughters, only two of whom lived to mature adulthood.

John Frederick died in 1679 without a male heir, and the duchy of Brunswick was inherited by his Protestant younger brother, Ernest Augustus, the husband of Benedicta Henrietta's paternal aunt, Sophia of Hanover, and father of George I of Great Britain. After her husband's death, Benedicta returned to her native France and resided there with her sister, the princess of Condé.

She corresponded with Gottfried Leibniz.[3]

Benedicta died the age of 78, at Asnieres, her late sister's residence near Paris, on 12 August 1730.




  1. ^ Bougaud, 258
  2. ^ Littell's living age, Volume 166
  3. ^ State papers and correspondence: illustrative of the social and political... By John Mitchell Kemble, p. 224


  • Bougaud, Emile. St. Chantal and the Foundation of the Visitation. Vol. 2. New York: Benziger Brothers, 1895. Google Books. Web.
German nobility
Preceded by Duchess consort of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Served alongside: Éléonore Desmier d'Olbreuse
Title next held by
Sophia of Hanover