George Peppard

George Peppard Rohrer Jr. (/pəˈpɑːrd/; October 1, 1928 – May 8, 1994) was an American film and television actor.

George Peppard
George Peppard (1964).jpg
Peppard in 1964
Born
George Peppard Rohrer Jr.

(1928-10-01)October 1, 1928
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
DiedMay 8, 1994(1994-05-08) (aged 65)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Resting placeNorthview Cemetery, Dearborn, Michigan
Alma materPittsburgh Playhouse
Carnegie Mellon University
Purdue University
OccupationActor
Years active1951–1994
Spouse(s)
  • Helen Davies
    (m. 1954; div. 1964)
  • (m. 1966; div. 1972)
  • (m. 1975; div. 1979)
  • Alexis Adams
    (m. 1984; div. 1986)
  • (m. 1992)
Children3
Linda Evans and Peppard in TV's Banacek (1974)

Peppard secured a major role when he starred alongside Audrey Hepburn in Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961),[1] and later portrayed a character based on Howard Hughes in The Carpetbaggers (1964). On television, he played the title role of millionaire insurance investigator and sleuth Thomas Banacek in the early-1970s mystery series Banacek. He played Col. John "Hannibal" Smith, the cigar-smoking leader of a renegade commando squad in the hit 1980s action show The A-Team.[1]

Early lifeEdit

George Peppard, Jr. was born October 1, 1928, in Detroit, Michigan, the son of building contractor George Peppard, Sr. and opera singer and voice teacher Vernelle Rohrer.[1] His mother had five miscarriages before George. His family lost all its money in the Depression, and his father had to leave George and his mother in Detroit while he went looking for work.[2] He graduated from Dearborn High School in Dearborn, Michigan in 1946.[citation needed]

Peppard enlisted in the United States Marine Corps July 8, 1946, and rose to the rank of corporal, leaving the Corps at the end of his enlistment in January 1948.[3]

During 1948 and 1949, he studied civil engineering at Purdue University where he was a member of the Purdue Playmakers theatre troupe and Beta Theta Pi fraternity.[1] He became interested in acting, being an admirer of Walter Huston in particular. "I just decided I didn't want to be an engineer," he said later. "It was the best decision I ever made."[4][5]

He then transferred to Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he earned his bachelor's degree in 1955. (It took longer than normal because he dropped out for a year when his father died in 1951 and Peppard had to finish his father's jobs.)[6] He also trained at the Pittsburgh Playhouse.[7] While living in Pittsburgh, Peppard worked as a radio DJ at WLOA in Braddock, Pennsylvania. While giving a weather update, he infamously called incoming snow flurries "flow snurries". This was an anecdote he repeated in several later interviews, including one with former NFL player Rocky Bleier for WPXI. [8]

In addition to acting, Peppard was a pilot. He spent a portion of his 1966 honeymoon training to fly his Learjet in Wichita, Kansas.[9][10]

ActingEdit

TheatreEdit

Peppard made his stage debut in 1949 at the Pittsburgh Playhouse. After moving to New York City, Peppard enrolled in the Actors Studio, where he studied the Method with Lee Strasberg. He did a variety of jobs to pay his way during this time, such as working as a disc jockey, being a radio station engineer, teaching fencing, driving a taxi and being a mechanic in a motorcycle repair shop.[11]

He worked in summer stock in New England and appeared at the open air Oregon Shakespeare Festival in Ashland, Oregon for two seasons.

TelevisionEdit

He worked as a cab driver until getting his first part in "Lamp Unto My Feet".[12]

He appeared with Paul Newman, in The United States Steel Hour (1956), as the singing, guitar-playing baseball player Piney Woods in Bang the Drum Slowly, directed by Daniel Petrie.

He appeared in an episode of Kraft Theatre, "Flying Object at Three O'Clock High" (1956).

In April 1956 he appeared in a segment of an episode of "Cameras Three" performing from The Shoemaker's Holiday; the New York Times called his performance "beguiling".[13]

In July 1956 he signed to make his film debut in The Strange One directed by Jack Garfein, based on the play End as a Man.[14] It was the first film from Garfein as director and Calder Willingham as producer, plus for Peppard, Ben Gazzara, Geoffrey Horne, Pat Hingle, Arthur Storch and Clifton James. Filming took place in Florida. "I wouldn't say I was nervous," said Peppard, "just excited."[15]

On his return to New York he did "Out to Kill" on TV for Kraft.[16] In September he joined the cast of Girls of Summer directed by Jack Garfein with Shelley Winters, Storch and Hingle, plus a title song by Stephen Sondheim. This reached Broadway in November.[17] Brooks Atkinson said Peppard "expertly plays a sly, malicious dance teacher."[18] It only had a short run.

The bulk of his work around this stage was for television: The Kaiser Aluminum Hour ("A Real Fine Cutting Edge", directed by George Roy Hill), Studio One in Hollywood ("A Walk in the Forest"), The Alcoa Hour ("The Big Build-Up" with E.G. Marshall[19]), Matinee Theatre ("End of the Rope" with John Drew Barrymore, "Thread That Runs So True", "Aftermath"), Kraft Theatre ("The Long Flight"), Alfred Hitchcock Presents ("The Diplomatic Corpse", with Peter Lorre directed by Paul Henreid), and Suspicion ("The Eye of Truth" with Joseph Cotten based on a script by Eric Ambler). The Strange One came out in April 1957 but despite some strong reviews - the New York Times called Peppard "resolute"[20] - it was not a financial success.

In September 1957 he trialled a play by Robert Thom, The Minotaur, directed by Sidney Lumet.[21]

Peppard played a key role in Little Moon of Alban (1958) alongside Christopher Plummer for the Hallmark Hall of Fame. The Los Angeles Times called him "excellent".[22]

In May, Peppard played his second film role, a support part in the Korean War movie Pork Chop Hill (1959) directed by Lewis Milestone.[23] He was cast in part because he was unfamiliar to moviegoers.[24]

MGMEdit

In October 1958 Peppard appeared on Broadway in The Pleasure of His Company (1958) starring Cyril Ritchard, who also directed. Peppard played the boyfriend who wants to marry Dolores Hart who was Ritchard's daughter; the New York Times called Peppard "admirable".[25] The play was a hit and ran for a year.

During the show's run Peppard auditioned successfully for MGM's Home from the Hill (1960) and the studio signed him to a long-term contract - which he had not wanted to do but was a condition for the film.[26] In February 1959 Hedda Hopper announced Peppard would leave Company to make two films for MGM. Home from the Hill and The Subterraneans.[27]

Home from the Hill was a prestigious film directed by Vincente Minnelli and starring Robert Mitchum, who played Peppard's father. It featured several young actors MGM were hoping to develop, including Peppard, George Hamilton and Luana Patten.[28] During filming Peppard said "Brando is a dead talent - I saw him in The Young Lions but said Peck is "a man of integrity as a star and a person. Lee Strasberg is the only person I know who is brilliant."[29]

"I want to be an actor and proud of my craft," said Peppard. "I would like to be an actor who is starred but being a star is something you can't count on whereas acting is something I can work on."[29] It was a success at the box office, although the film's high cost meant that it was not profitable.

Peppard's next film for MGM was The Subterraneans, an adaptation of the 1958 novel by Jack Kerouac co starring Leslie Caron. It flopped and Peppard said "I couldn't get arrested" afterwards.[30]

He had meant to follow The Subterraneans by returning to Broadway with Julie Harris in The Warm Peninsular but this did not happen.[4] In April 1959 Hedda Hopper said he would be in Chatauqua[31] but that was not made until a decade later, starring Elvis Presley, as The Trouble with Girls (1969). At the end of 1959 Hopper predicted Peppard would be a big star saying "he has great emotional power, is a fine athlete, and does offbeat characters such as James Dean excelled in."[32] Sol Siegel announced he would play the lead in Two Weeks in Another Town.[33] (Kirk Douglas ended up playing it.) He was also announced for the role of Arthur Blake in a film about the first Olympics called And Seven from America which was never made.[34]

Peppard returned to television to star in an episode of the anthology series Startime, "Incident at a Corner" (1960) under the direction of Alfred Hitchcock alongside Vera Miles.[35] He played Teddy Roosevelt on television in an episode of Our American Heritage, "The Invincible Teddy" (1961).[36]

Film StardomEdit

 
George Peppard in Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961)

His good looks, elegant manner and acting skills landed Peppard his most famous film role as Paul Varjak in Breakfast at Tiffany's with Audrey Hepburn, based on a story by Truman Capote. Director Blake Edwards had not wanted Peppard, but been overruled by the producers.[37] He was cast in July 1960.[38] During filming Peppard did not get along with Hepburn or Patricia Neal, the latter calling him "cold and conceited".[39]

In November 1961 a newspaper article dubbed him "the next big thing". Peppard said he had turned down two TV series and was "concentrating on big screen roles." His contract with MGM was for two pictures a year, allowing for one outside film and six TV appearances a year, plus the right to star in a play every second year. "In a series you don't have time to develop a character," he said. "There's no build up; in the first segment you're already established."[40]

He was meant to appear in Unarmed in Paradise which was not made.[41] He bought a script by Robert Blees called Baby Talk but it was not made either.[42]

Instead MGM cast him in the lead of their epic western How the West Was Won in 1962 (his character spanned three sections of the episodic Cinerama extravaganza). It was a massive hit.[43]

He followed this with a war story for Carl Foreman, The Victors (1963), made in Europe. He was offered $200,000 to appear in The Long Ships but did not want to go to Yugoslavia for six months.[44] He was going to do Next Time We Love with Ross Hunter but it was never made.[45]

He starred in The Carpetbaggers, a 150-minute saga of a ruthless, Hughes-like aviation and film mogul based on a best-selling novel by Harold Robbins. The cast included Elizabeth Ashley who had an affair with Peppard during filming and later married him. She described him as "some kind of Nordic god - six feet tall with beautiful blond hair, blue eyes and a body out of every high school cheerleader's teenage lust fantasy."[46] Ashley claimed Peppard "was never late on set and he had nothing but scorn for actors who weren't professional enough to keep that together."[47]

She added that Peppard:

Never was one of those actors who believes his job is to take the money, hit the mark and say the lines and let it go at that. He felt that as an above-the-title star he had the responsibility to use his muscle and power to try and make it better and that has never stopped in him. He was unrelenting about it, to the point where a lot of executives and directors came to feel he was a pain in the ass. But the really talented people loved working with him because of all his wonderful creative energy.[48]

"My performances bore me", said Peppard in a 1964 interview, adding that his ambition was to deliver "one great performance. And I must say I feel a little presumptuous to shoot for that. But that's the goal, like a hockey goal. I figure I've got a choice ... not of the outcome but of the objective. And my objective is that one performance."[49]

Peppard returned to television to do Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre, "The Game with Glass Pieces".

For MGM he appeared in Operation Crossbow (1965), a war film with Sophia Loren. It was the first film he made under a new contract with MGM to do one movie a year for three years.[50]

He was meant to follow this with an adaptation of the play Merrily We Roll Along but it was never made.[51]

"I'm an actor not a star," he said around this time, adding that he looked for "three things" in a film, "a good director, a good part and a good script. If I get two out of three of those I'm satisfied."[52]

Peppard starred in a thriller, The Third Day (1965) with Ashley who had become his second wife. The film was directed by Jack Smight who claimed Warner Bros only agreed to finance it because they had a deal with Peppard.[53] Peppard said when he made the film "I wasn't just broke I was up to my ears in debt."[12]

He was announced for The Last Night of Don Juan for Michael Gordon but it was not made.[54] He was cast as the lead in Sands of the Kalahari (1965) at a fee of $200,000 but walked off the set after only a few days of filming in March 1965 and had to be replaced by Stuart Whitman.[55] Paramount sued Peppard for $930,555 in damages and he countersued.[56]

Ashley later wrote:

What tormented George so badly was that he was caught between being an actor and a movie star. He did not start off as an untalented pretty nothing who had to be grateful for any piece of meat that was thrown his way. He was intelligent and talented but because he was six foot tall with blond hair and blue eyes he had been put in the slot of being a movie star at a time when the movie studios were still very powerful and expected you to play the game by their rules... I don't think it was possible to be a male movie star who looked like he did and got hot when he did and not be trapped by it.[57]

He had a huge hit with The Blue Max (1966), playing a German World War One ace, alongside James Mason and Ursula Andress, directed by John Guillermin.[58] "He could carry these big films," said Filmink.[59]

Film critic David Shipman writes of this stage in his career:

"With his cool, blond baby-face looks and a touch of menace, of meanness, he had established a screen persona as strong as any of the time. He might have been the Alan Ladd or the Richard Widmark of the sixties: but the sixties didn't want a new Alan Ladd. Peppard began appearing in a series of action movies, predictably as a tough guy, but there were much tougher guys around — like Cagney, Bogart and Robinson, whose films had now become television staples."[55]

Peppard played a German Jew fighting for the Allies in Tobruk (1967) alongside Rock Hudson.[60] "It's a big mistake to think I'm making a lot of money and turning out a lot of crap," he said in a 1966 interview.[12]

DeclineEdit

Peppard wanted to ensure financial security so he bought a cattle ranch but it was requiring funds. This prompted Peppard to sign a multi-million-dollar five-picture non-exclusive contract with Universal in August 1966 - two for the first year, one a year after that.[61] Ashley claimed this ultimately hurt Peppard's career.[62]

The first two films under the contract were Rough Night in Jericho (1967), a Western with Dean Martin, and What's So Bad About Feeling Good? (1968), a comedy directed by George Seaton with Mary Tyler Moore; It was followed by a private eye film directed by Guillermin, P.J. (1968), and House of Cards (1968) a thriller directed by Guillermin shot in Europe. None of these films were particularly successful at the box office. Ashley says doing these films caused Peppard to start drinking.[63] She also claimed Peppard turned down The Heart is a Lonely Hunter because he did not want to play a weak or possibly homosexual character.[64]

In 1967 he bought a script Midnight Fair by Sheridan Greenway, to produce.[65] In 1968 he announced he had co-written a script Watch Them Die, which he planned to direct, but not play a starring role.[66] It was never made. Neither was a version of The Most Dangerous Game for MGM, announced in 1967.[67]

He did a thriller, Pendulum (1969), directed by George Schaefer with Jean Seberg, and went to England to make The Executioner (1970) with Joan Collins.

In Cannon for Cordoba (1970) he played the steely Captain Rod Douglas, who has been put in charge of gathering a group of soldiers on a dangerous mission into Mexico. It was not a success. Neither was One More Train to Rob (1971) another Western. Ashley wrote "he became more and more frustrated and disillusioned from hating the kind of pictures he had to do. There were no good scripts, no good directors and at some point it became icily clear that there weren't going to be any."[68]

In September 1970 he toured Vietnam with a USO show.[69]

TelevisionEdit

In March 1971 Peppard announced his company, Tradewind Productions, had optioned a novel by Stanley Ellin, The Eighth Circle, but it was not made.[70]

Peppard starred in a Western TV movie The Bravos (1972) with Pernell Roberts. He returned to features with The Groundstar Conspiracy (1972) co starring Michael Sarrazin, shot in Canada for Universal; Peppard's fee was $400,000.[71]

In August 1971 Peppard signed to star in Banacek (1972–1974), part of The NBC Mystery Movie series, starring in 90-minute whodunits as a wealthy Boston playboy who solves thefts for insurance companies for a finder's fee.[72][73] Sixteen regular episodes were produced over two seasons. Peppard also did some second unit directing. "Ever since The Carpetbaggers I've played the iron-jawed cold-eyed killer and that gets to be a goddamed bore," he said in 1972. "Acting is not the most creative thing in the world and when you play a man of action it gets to be a long day. Banacek is the best character I've played in a long time."[74]

In February 1972 Peppard stood trial in Boston for attempting to rape a stripper in his hotel room. He was cleared of the charges.[75][76][77] The same year he and Ashley were divorced, with Peppard to pay her $2,000 a month alimony plus $350 a month child support for their son Christopher.[78]

Peppard starred in Newman's Law (1974), an action film originally called Newman.[79] When Banacek ended Peppard wanted to take time off to focus on producing and directing, including a project called The Total Beast. However alimony and child support obligations forced him back to acting. He made some TV movies One of Our Own (1975), a medical drama, and Guilty or Innocent: The Sam Sheppard Murder Case (1975), as Sam Sheppard, for which his fee was $100,000.[80] One of Our Own had been a pilot for a TV series which was picked up - Doctors' Hospital (1975) lasted 15 episodes.[81]

Peppard starred in the science-fiction film Damnation Alley (1977), which has gone on to attain a substantial cult following. Peppard's role in the film was reportedly turned down by Steve McQueen because of salary issues. The movie cost $8.5 million - Peppard said Jack Smight's original cut was "wonderful" but claimed the film was re-edited by executives.[82]

With fewer interesting roles coming his way, he acted in, directed and produced the drama Five Days from Home in 1979.

Five Days from HomeEdit

Peppard later said the low point of his career came over a three-year period around the time of Five Days from Home. "It was a bad time", he said in 1983. "I was heavily in debt. My career seemed to be going nowhere. Not much work over a three-year period. Every morning I'd wake up and realize I was getting deeper and deeper into debt".[83]

He had to sell his car and take out a second mortgage on his home to finance Five Days from Home. Eventually, he got his money back and was able to concentrate on his career.[83]"I'm quite proud of it," he said in 1979. "I sold many assets to help make it but I don't mind. It was the best time of my life."[84]

He had the lead in the TV movies Crisis in Mid-air (1979) and Torn Between Two Lovers (1979) and went to Europe for From Hell to Victory (1979).[85]

In a rare game show appearance, Peppard did a week of shows on Password Plus in 1979, in which he could often be seen smoking cigarettes while filming. Out of five shows, the first was never broadcast on NBC, but aired much later on GSN and Buzzr, because of on-camera comments made by Peppard regarding personal dissatisfaction he felt related to his treatment by the NBC officials who supervised the production of Password Plus. As a result of this, Goodson-Todman banned Peppard from appearing on any of their game shows ever again for that incident, which cost them a lot since they had to film an extra episode two weeks later to make up for the pulled episode. [86]

In April 1979 Peppard said "I want to act again - and I need a good role. The Sam Shepherd story I did for TV was the only good role I've had in the last seven to ten years."[87] He added he was developing two movies and a TV drama series plus an educational series.[87]

DynastyEdit

In 1980, Peppard was offered, and accepted, the role of Blake Carrington in the television series Dynasty. During the filming of the pilot episode, which also featured Linda Evans and Bo Hopkins, Peppard repeatedly clashed with the show's producers, Richard and Esther Shapiro; among other things, he felt that his role was too similar to that of J. R. Ewing in the series Dallas. Three weeks later, before filming was to begin on additional episodes, Peppard was fired and the part was offered to John Forsythe; the scenes with Peppard were re-shot and Forsythe became the permanent star of the show.[88]

"It was a big blow," Peppard noted subsequently, adding he felt Forsythe ultimately did "a better job (as Blake Carrington) than I could have done."[83] Ironically, this led to him being available to be cast in NBC's The A-Team, the number one rated television show in its first season in 1982.

"I'm so glad I wasn't drinking," he said later (he had given up in 1979). "I bet a lot of people thought when I did certain things, I had been drinking and now they found out it wasn't the booze at all. It was me."[89]

Before then he had an excellent part as a cowboy in Battle Beyond the Stars (1980), a popular science fiction film. He travelled to Canada to make Your Ticket Is No Longer Valid (1981) with Richard Harris, to New Zealand for Race for the Yankee Zephyr (1982) and Spain for Hit Man (1982).

"I almost disappeared for awhile, between ages 45 and 55," he later reflected. "Nobody wants to work with someone who quits three series. They think you're insane to quit a series with all the millions of dollars to be made there. It gets to be like crossing the mob. You find out some people you thought were your friends aren't really."[90]

The A-TeamEdit

In 1982, Peppard auditioned for and won the role of Colonel John "Hannibal" Smith in the television action adventure series The A-Team, acting alongside Mr. T, Dirk Benedict and Dwight Schultz. In the series, the A-Team was a team of renegade commandos on the run from the military for "a crime they did not commit" while serving in the Vietnam War. The A-Team members made their collective living as soldiers of fortune, but they helped only people who came to them with justified grievances.

As "Hannibal" Smith, Peppard played the leader of the A-Team, distinguished by his cigar smoking, confident smirk, black leather gloves, disguises, and distinctive catch phrase, "I love it when a plan comes together." Peppard was attracted to the role partly because Smith was a master of disguise enabling Peppard to play a variety of characters. "I love the character of Hannibal," he said. "It inspires my fantasy. And, frankly, I need the money."[91]

"I wanted to change from leading man to character actor for years now but have never been given the chance before," he added.[83]

The show started filming in late 1982 and premiered in January 1983.[92] It was an instant ratings success, going straight into the top ten most watched shows in the country. The series ran five seasons on NBC from 1983 to 1987, made Peppard known to a new generation and is arguably his best-known role.[93] His fee was reportedly $50,000 an episode.[94] This went up to $65,000, making him one of the best paid stars on television.[95]

Peppard said "the first year of the show "it was kind of like Monty Python - absolutely ridiculous. It was fresh, it was fun, it was silly - building an airplane out of a lawn-mower engine - fun stuff done very straight." After that, though "it became very boring to me and not very good." [96]

It has been reported that the role was originally written with James Coburn in mind, but Coburn declined, and thus it went to Peppard. Peppard was reportedly annoyed by Mr. T upstaging him in his public image, and at one point in their relationship, refused to speak directly to Mr. T. Instead he sent messages through intermediaries (including at times fellow cast members, particularly Dirk Benedict), and for this, Peppard was occasionally portrayed by the press as not a team player.[97] Melinda Culea claimed it was Peppard who got her fired after the first season.[98]

"It's the first time I ever had money in the bank," Peppard said later. "Four California divorces and 25 years of alimony will see to it you have no money in the bank. It was a giant boost to my career, and made me a viable actor for other roles."[99]

During the series' run Peppard guest starred on the Tales of the Unexpected episode "The Dirty Detail" (1983).

Later careerEdit

Peppard's last series was an intended occasional series of television movie features entitled Man Against the Mob (1988) set in the 1940s. In these TV detective films, Peppard played Los Angeles Police Detective Sgt. Frank Doakey. The second film Man Against the Mob: The Chinatown Murders was broadcast in December 1989. A third film in this series was planned, but Peppard died before it was filmed.

In his later years Peppard appeared in several stage productions. In 1988 he portrayed Ernest Hemingway in the play PAPA, which played a number of cities including Boise, Idaho; Atlanta, Georgia; and San Francisco. Peppard financed it, and played in it. In 1988 he said, "Once I saw this thing, I knew that if I was going to do it, I'd have to stick with it. I've got a couple bucks in the bank, so I'm not working on anything else. I got an adrenalin rush when I first read this play - part joy, part fear." Peppard said he understood Hemingway. "We were both married four times; that's one similarity. Up until 10 years ago I used to drink a lot, as he did. And then, he had to deal with living the life of a famous person."[100]

The play was well received. Peppard said of his image, "There's a George Peppard out there that I don't know. He's been written about, and various people have interpreted him various ways. There are people who've made up stories, apocryphal, about me. There are people who didn't like me much." [101]

He appeared in Silence Like Glass (1989) and Night of the Fox (1990). In 1989 he said "I'm afraid I'm typecast. It was discouraging when it first happened. I was sad. I had hoped to do lots of different kinds of roles. But fear and insecurity guides casting decisions. Movies and TV have to make money. And people get used to you playing a part and doing certain things. If you don't do it, they get disappointed and it shows up at the box office."[90]

In 1990 he was seeking finance for The Crystal Contract, a film about an international cocaine cartel in which he would produce and star (but was never made)." I would like to do another series because it would mean steady work - and because I would like one more hit."[90]

In 1992 he toured in The Lion in Winter, in which he played Henry II to Susan Clark's Eleanor of Aquitaine. ""I haven't been as happy as I am for a long time," he said. "When you find a part you are right for and you love, it's a source of happiness, believe me... If I could have my wish come true, I'd spend the next two years doing nothing but this play." [96]

His last television role was guest-starring in an 1994 episode of Matlock entitled "The P.I". The episode, co-starring Tracy Nelson, was meant to serve as a backdoor pilot for a series about a father and his estranged daughter both working as private investigators. The episode aired eight days before Peppard's death.

Personal lifeEdit

Peppard was married five times and was the father of three children.

  • Helen Davies (1954–1964): two children, Bradford and Julie. Ms. Davies never remarried. She appeared in one movie.
  • Elizabeth Ashley (1966–1972), his co-star in The Carpetbaggers and The Third Day: one son, Christian. As per their 1972 divorce settlement, Peppard paid Ashley $2000 a month in alimony for four years, up to $400 a month for psychiatric care, and $350 a month in child support for their son Christian Peppard.[102] Ashley's two awards were nullified in 1975 when Ashley married James McCarthy, later divorced (1975-1981).
  • Sherry Boucher (1975–1979), a realtor from Springhill, Louisiana, who remarried John Lytle.
  • Alexis Adams (1984–1986), also known as Joyce Ann Furbee, a bit part TV actress, who never remarried.
  • Laura Taylor (1992-1994)

In 1990 he said, "Getting married and having a bad divorce is just like breaking your leg. The same leg, in the same place. I'm lucky I don't walk with a cane."[99]

Peppard resided in a Greek revival-style white cottage in Hollywood Hills, California with elegant porches on three sides and a guest house in the back. He was living there at the time of his death. Later owned by designer Brenda Antin who spent a year renovating it, the small home was purchased by writer/actress Lena Dunham in 2015 for 2.699 million dollars.[103][104]

Peppard, born and raised in Dearborn, Michigan, Dearborn's most famous resident after Ford Motor Company founder Henry Ford and legendary long serving Congressman John Dingell, wanted to go home, and George is buried simply and plainly with his mother and father in the local Northview Cemetery in Dearborn. In April 2017, Peppard's name resurfaced in the media after the cemetery was vandalized for the third time and 37 stones overturned. The Peppard family stone was not damaged. The cemetery was subsequently restored.[105]

Later years and deathEdit

Peppard overcame a serious alcohol problem in 1978; subsequently then became deeply involved in helping other alcoholics. "I knew I had to stop and I did," he said in 1983. "Looking back now I'm ashamed of some of the things I did when I was drinking."[83]

He had smoked three packs of cigarettes a day for most of his life until he quit after being diagnosed with lung cancer in 1992, having part of one lung removed in an operation shortly after the formal diagnosis.[106]

Despite health problems in his later years he continued acting. In 1994, shortly before his death, Peppard completed a pilot with Tracy Nelson for a new series called The P.I. It aired as an episode of Matlock and was to be spun off into a new television series with Peppard playing an aging detective and Nelson his daughter/sidekick.

While battling lung cancer Peppard died on May 8, 1994, in Los Angeles from pneumonia.[1] He was buried in Northview Cemetery, Dearborn, Michigan.

Critical appraisalEdit

David Shipman published this appraisal of Peppard in 1972:

"George Peppard's screen presence has some agreeable anomalies. He is tough, assured and insolent — in a way that recalls late Dick Powell rather than early Bogart; but his bright blue eyes and blond hair, his boyish face suggest the all-American athlete, perhaps going to seed. The sophistication is surface deep: you can imagine him in Times Square on a Saturday night, sulky, defiant, out of his depth, not quite certain how he wants to spend the evening."[107]

In 1990 Peppard said "an enormous amount of my film work has been spent charging up a hill saying, "Follow me, men! This way!" Even though I did "Breakfast at Tiffany's," nobody seemed to think I could do comedy. I always played the man of action. And men of action are not terribly deep characters, and not real vocal characters. "[99]

He added "I trained for seven years before I started getting screen work as a stage actor. I love working for an audience. Aside from that, despite all the uniforms and the guns, I think I am at my base a character actor... Being a star has never interested me. Stars, per say [sic], are a pain. Stars to me are in the sky. The important question is, "How good an actor are you?" And now I have some hope, because I'm of an age where I could be considered for character roles. "[99]

Shortly before he died, he said, "If you look at my movie list, you`ll see some really good movies and then the start of ones that were not so good. But I was making enough money to send my children to good schools, have a house for them and give them a center in their lives."[108]

AwardsEdit

FilmographyEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1956 The United States Steel Hour Piney Woods TV: Bang the Drum Slowly
1956–1957 Kraft Television Theatre TV: The Long Flight
Flying Object at Three O'Clock High
1957 The Kaiser Aluminum Hour Lynch TV: A Real Fine Cutting Edge
1957 Studio One TV: A Walk in the Forest
1957 The Alcoa Hour Eddie Pierce TV: The Big Build-Up
1957 The Strange One Cadet Robert Marquales Film debut
1957 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Evan Wallace TV: The Diplomatic Corpse
1957–1958 Matinee Theatre TV: End of the Rope, Part 1
End of the Rope, Part 2
Aftermath
1958 Suspicion Lee TV: The Eye of Truth
1958 Hallmark Hall of Fame Dennis Walsh TV: Little Moon of Alban
1959 Pork Chop Hill Cpl. Chuck Fedderson
1960 Home from the Hill Raphael "Rafe" Copley
1960 Startime Pat Lawrence TV: Incident at a Corner
1960 The Subterraneans Leo Percepied
1961 Breakfast at Tiffany's Paul Varjak
1962 How the West Was Won Zeb Rawlings
1963 The Victors Cpl. Frank Chase
1964 The Carpetbaggers Jonas Cord
1964 Theatre of Stars Buddy Wren TV: The Game with Glass Pieces
1965 Operation Crossbow Lt. John Curtis
1965 The Third Day Steve Mallory
1966 The Blue Max Lt. Bruno Stachel
1967 Tobruk Capt. Kurt Bergman
1967 Rough Night in Jericho Dolan
1968 P.J. P.J. Detweiler
1968 What's So Bad About Feeling Good? Pete
1968 House of Cards Reno Davis
1969 Pendulum Capt. Frank Matthews
1970 The Executioner John Shay
1970 Cannon for Cordoba Capt. Red Douglas
1971 One More Train to Rob Harker Fleet
1972 The Bravos Major John David Harkness Television film
1972 The Groundstar Conspiracy Tuxan
1972–1974 Banacek Thomas Banacek TV series
1974 Newman's Law Vince Newman
1975 The Week of Fear Dr. Jake Goodwin Television film
1975 Guilty or Innocent: The Sam Sheppard Murder Case Dr. Samuel Sheppard Television film
1975–1976 Doctors' Hospital Dr. Jake Goodwin
1977 Damnation Alley Maj. Eugene Denton
1979 Five Days from Home T.M. Pryor also director and producer
1979 Crisis in Mid-Air Nick Culver Television film
1979 From Hell to Victory Brett Rosson
1979 Torn Between Two Lovers Paul Rasmussen Television film
1979 An Almost Perfect Affair Himself Uncredited
1980 Battle Beyond the Stars Cowboy
1981 Your Ticket Is No Longer Valid Jim Daley
1981 Race for the Yankee Zephyr Theo Brown
1982 Twilight Theatre Television film
1982 Hit Man [fr] McFadden
1983–1987 The A-Team Col. John "Hannibal" Smith TV series
1984 Tales of the Unexpected Sgt. Guedo TV: The Dirty Detail
1988 Man Against the Mob Frank Doakey Television film
1989 Zwei Frauen Mr. Martin
1989 Man Against the Mob: The Chinatown Murders Frank Doakey Television film
1990 Night of the Fox Col. Harry Martineau/Max Vogel Television film
1992 The Tigress Sid Slaughter Final film role
1994 Matlock Max Morgan TV: The P.I., (final appearance)

Select theatre creditsEdit

  • Girls of Summer (1956–1957)
  • The Pleasure of His Company (1958–1959)
  • The Sound of Music (1982)
  • Papa (1988)
  • The Lion in Winter (1991–1992)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Collins, Glenn (May 10, 1994). "George Peppard Dies; Stage and Screen Actor, 65". The New York Times. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
  2. ^ Ashley p 76-77
  3. ^ Wise, James Edward; Rehill, Anne Collier (November 1, 1999). Anne Collier Rehill (ed.). Stars in the Corps: Movie Actors in the United States Marines. 2. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. pp. 159–166. ISBN 978-1-55750-949-9. Retrieved August 14, 2010. Like its predecessor, Stars in the Corps is a valuable resource for scholars and aficionados of motion picture films, military buffs and historians, and students of American popular culture. This volume is the equal to and in several ways surpasses its earlier companion and is itself a valuable reference. Structurally, the volume contains a preface and introduction, two parts comprising 28 short biographies, four appendices, and 101 black-and-white images. A very useful Bibliography lists 92 books and periodicals, thirteen reference works, twelve interviews or correspondence, five major official records or archives, and five other sources. A six-page double column index lists, in the main, proper nouns and is an appropriate finding aid.
  4. ^ a b Kelly Faces Busy TV, Film Schedule Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 16 June 1959: 29.
  5. ^ Peppard Engineered Stardom at Purdue Norma Lee Browning. Chicago Tribune19 June 1966: f10.
  6. ^ "George Peppard Is Starring In Movie Now At Lyric". Ludington Daily News. May 20, 1971. Retrieved April 27, 2014.
  7. ^ Conner, Lynne (June 4, 2007). Pittsburgh In Stages: Two Hundred Years of Theater. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-8229-4330-3.
  8. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MM1B6iuvvgQ
  9. ^ "A Pfalz Friend". Air Progress. October 1979.
  10. ^ Dorothy Manners (May 29, 1966). "George Peppard retains his image as a loner". The News and Courier. Charleston, South Carolina.
  11. ^ Tinee, Mae (March 17, 1963). "Meeting a 'New' George Peppard". Chicago Tribune. p. e14.
  12. ^ a b c A Nice Guy, Cast As a Movie Star By REX REED. New York Times 10 July 1966: 81.
  13. ^ TV: On 'Camera Three': Expert Series Offers Poetry, Drama and Comedy in 'Elizabethan Miscellany' Monsarrat Sea Story Kate Smith Sings Gertrude Berg Stars in Romantic Comedy By JACK GOULD. New York Times 30 Apr 1956: 3
  14. ^ SINATRA TO MAKE APPEARANCE HERE. New York Times 7 July 1956: 10.
  15. ^ FOCUSING ON NEW FACES: 'End as a Man' Serves as First Movie Stint for Young Director and Cast Gambling Man Like Old Times At Work By GEORGE NELSON. New York Times 29 July 1956: X5.
  16. ^ Eisenhower To Air Opener Of GOP Drive The Christian Science Monitor 18 Sep 1956: 12.
  17. ^ ROLE IS OFFERED TO ANNE BAXTER New York Times 24 Sep 1956: 22.
  18. ^ Theatre: Drama by Nash: Shelley Winters Stars in 'Girls of Summer' By BROOKS ATKINSON. New York Times20 Nov 1956: 44.
  19. ^ Week's Best Southerland, Jackie. Chicago Daily Tribune 30 Mar 1957: c2.
  20. ^ Screen: 'The Strange One': Ben Gazzara Stars in New Film at Astor By BOSLEY CROWTHER. New York Times 13 Apr 1957: 12.
  21. ^ Minotaur' Gets Trial Run New York Times 3 Sep 1957: 23.
  22. ^ THE TV SCENE---: 'Moon of Alban' Excellent Work Smith, Cecil. Los Angeles Times 25 Mar 1958: A6.
  23. ^ COLUMBIA TO FILM 'TIME OF DRAGONS': New York Times 5 Apr 1958: 10.
  24. ^ Director Talks About War: Hollywood Letter By Richard Dyer MacCann. The Christian Science Monitor 17 Feb 1959: 5.
  25. ^ Theatre: 'Pleasure of His Company': Delightful Comedy Is Staged at Longacre By BROOKS ATKINSON. New York Times 23 Oct 1958: 36.
  26. ^ Hopper, Hedda (April 24, 1960). "GEORGE PEPPARD: Films Beckon Stage Star". Los Angeles Times. p. D11.
  27. ^ Metro Signs Anka for Movie Debut Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 26 Feb 1959: B12.
  28. ^ New Impetus Lent Activity at MGM: Siegel Cites Impressive List of Stories, Stars, New Faces Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 9 Apr 1959: B9.
  29. ^ a b Young Men of Movies Adopting Suave Style Hyams, Joe. Los Angeles Times 14 May 1959: B
  30. ^ Reed, Rex (July 10, 1966). "A Nice Guy, Cast As a Movie Star". The New York Times. p. 81.
  31. ^ Looking at Hollywood: Movie to Recall the Chautauqua Circuit Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 20 Aug 1959: b2.
  32. ^ Hedda Hopper 'THEY'LL MAKE GOOD IN HOLLYWOOD!' Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 27 Dec 1959: e10.
  33. ^ Looking at Hollywood: 'Home from the Hill' Is Film for Whole Family Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 1 Feb 1960: b3.
  34. ^ MGM Reactivates True Olympic Tale: It's 'Seven From America'; Single Projector Hits 360 Deg. Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 8 Mar 1960: A9.
  35. ^ Looking at Hollywood: 2 Films at Once Keep Vegas in Whirl Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 8 Feb 1960: b4.
  36. ^ Ina Balin Scheduled to Make Two Appearances in Roles On Dramatic Programs -- Miscellaneous Items By VAL ADAMS. New York Times (7 Aug 1960: X11.
  37. ^ Wasson p 114
  38. ^ Breakfast' to Star Peppard, Hepburn: Hawks, Belafonte Seek Inger Stevens for Important Films Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 14 July 1960: A10.
  39. ^ Wasson p 147
  40. ^ Scott, John L. (November 12, 1961). "George Peppard Gives His Answer to Question: Who Is the Next Big Star?". Los Angeles Times. p. A10.
  41. ^ Schumach, Murray (January 19, 1961). "HUBBUB OF MOVIES AVOIDED BY ACTOR: George Peppard Turns Down Bids to Premieres, Shuns Press and Publicity Tours". New York Times. p. 24.
  42. ^ George Peppard Picks Up Story of Con Man, Baby Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 8 Feb 1961: b2.
  43. ^ HOLLYWOOD EPIC: Metro Will Film 'How West Was Won' In Cinerama From Ohio to Pacific By MURRAY SCHUMACH HOLLYWOOD. New York Times 21 May 1961: X7.
  44. ^ Entertainment: Peppard's Weary of Working Abroad Actor Enjoyed 'The Victors' but Now Prefers Hollywood Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 26 Dec 1962: D11.
  45. ^ Hunter Speechless Over Big TV Offer: Hasn't Time to Consider It; Plans Six Films This Year Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 24 Jan 1963: C6.
  46. ^ Ashley p 68
  47. ^ Ashley p 72
  48. ^ Ashley p 74
  49. ^ Alpert, Don (August 4, 1963). "Actor George Peppard: "The Picture's the Thing'". Los Angeles Times. p. d4.
  50. ^ Hopper, Hedda (June 20, 1964). "Looking at Hollywood: Sinatra Hires Cameraman as Producer". Chicago Tribune. p. A6.
  51. ^ "George Peppard Goes to MGM's 'Merrily'". Los Angeles Times. December 31, 1964. p. B13.
  52. ^ By, K. H. (February 1, 1966). 'I'm an actor, not a star'. The Christian Science Monitor
  53. ^ Myers, JP (March 8, 2018). "This is the story of Director Jack Smight's life in entertainment written by himself".
  54. ^ Peppard Will Play Don Juan for Reel: Plummer Goes to London for New John Osborne Play Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 13 Mar 1965: 17
  55. ^ a b Shipman, David (May 10, 1994). "Obituary: George Peppard". The Independent. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
  56. ^ Actor Sues Studio for $369,444 Los Angeles Times 15 Apr 1965: 35.
  57. ^ Ashley p 98-99
  58. ^ Hendrick, Kimmis (February 1, 1966). "'I'm an actor, not a star'". The Christian Science Monitor. p. 4. ProQuest 510788886.
  59. ^ Vagg, Stephen (November 17, 2020). "John Guillermin: Action Man". Filmink.
  60. ^ Peppard Looks Like a Star Who'll Stay Thomas, Kevin. Los Angeles Times 12 Apr 1966: c8.
  61. ^ A Multi-Picture Deal Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 5 Aug 1966: c12.
  62. ^ Ashley p 99
  63. ^ Ashley p 99-100
  64. ^ Ashley p 101
  65. ^ Redford Given 'Blue' Role Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 2 Feb 1967: c11.
  66. ^ Manners, Dorothy (June 4, 1968). "George Peppard, With Three Movies Ready for Release, Takes It Easy". The Washington Post, Times Herald. p. B8.
  67. ^ MGM Plans 14 Films on 1967 Budget Los Angeles Times 25 Jan 1967: d10
  68. ^ Ashley p 122-123
  69. ^ Peppard, Ely on Tour Los Angeles Times 15 July 1970: d16.
  70. ^ Peppard Firm Sets 'Circle' Los Angeles Times 26 Mar 1971: e19.
  71. ^ Film Industry Making It in Vancouver: Film Industry in Vancouver Films Making It in Vancouver Jennings, C Robert. Los Angeles Times 21 Nov 1971: x1.
  72. ^ George Peppard in TV Pilot Film Los Angeles Times 27 Aug 1971: d22.
  73. ^ Smith, Cecil (August 27, 1972). "George Peppard: He can live with his Banacek character". Los Angeles Times. p. u2.
  74. ^ Banacek: A Polish-American Hero Petersen. Chicago Tribune 29 June 1972: b17.
  75. ^ Clear Actor Peppard of Assault Charge by Woman Who Bit Him Chicago Tribune 12 Feb 1972: a13.
  76. ^ ALTERCATION IN HOTEL: Peppard Cleared of Assaulting Stripper Los Angeles Times 12 Feb 1972: a3.
  77. ^ Actor Cleared in Assault New York Times 13 Feb 1972: 35.
  78. ^ George Peppard, Elizabeth Ashley Granted Divorce Los Angeles Times 28 Feb 1972: aB.
  79. ^ MOVIE CALL SHEET: Cicely to Portray Shirley Chisholm Murphy, Mary. Los Angeles Times 24 Mar 1973: b8.
  80. ^ SAM SHEPPARD: GUILTY or INNOCENT Smith, Cecil. Los Angeles Times 16 Nov 1975: v2.
  81. ^ NINE NEW SERIES IN FALL SET BY NBC: Curtis, Ford, Peppard and Lee Grant Will Star By LES BROWN. New York Times 22 Apr 1975: 71.
  82. ^ Peppard, George (April 1979). "Review of Damnation Alley". Starburst. Vol. 1 no. 8. p. 13.
  83. ^ a b c d e Mann, Roderick (February 8, 1983). "Pendulum Swings to Peppard". Los Angeles Times. p. G2.
  84. ^ Peppard Film: Family Affair Mann, Roderick. Los Angeles Times 27 Feb 1979: e6.
  85. ^ "Roots II' places 9th with 41% of Audience." Los Angeles Times February 21, 1979, p. f18.
  86. ^ Adam Nedeff (2017). The Life (and Wife) of Allen Ludden.
  87. ^ a b Tempo Entertainment: Peppard on lookout for 'really good role' Beck, Marilyn. Chicago Tribune 7 Apr 1979: n18.
  88. ^ Pingel, Mike. "Bo Hopkins Remembers Dynasty!". hollywoodfyi.com. Archived from the original on August 6, 2005. Retrieved July 18, 2010.
  89. ^ MISSED 'DYNASTY' ROLE: [3 STAR Edition] Compiled by Jim MacDonald from wire reports. Orlando Sentinel 25 Aug 1985: A.2.
  90. ^ a b c When Peppard sees Doakey, he sees himself: [FINAL Edition] By Thomas D. Elias Scripps Howard Service. The Windsor Star 8 Dec 1989: C8.
  91. ^ It's got guns and bombs, but no blood Davis, Ivor. The Globe and Mail26 Feb 1983: P.10.
  92. ^ NBC'S 'A TEAM' FILMING IN MEXICO Los Angeles Times 4 Dec 1982: g9.
  93. ^ INSIDE TV: UNRESOLVED DILEMMA OF 'BULLETIN' Margulies, Lee. Los Angeles Times 21 Mar 1983: h8.
  94. ^ STAR: PEPPARD: DYNASTY'S LOSS IS THE A-TEAM'S GAIN McAuley, P C. Los Angeles Times 30 Oct 1983: z3.
  95. ^ POINDEXTER FINDS A TOUGHER PACE FOLLOWING POLILLO Shister, Gail; (David Walstad.). Philadelphia Inquirer 10 Apr 1985: D.11.
  96. ^ a b FROM 'A-TEAM' HONCHO TO KING: HE MADE A LOT OF MONEY ON TV. NOW, GEORGE PEPPARD IS DOING WHAT HE WANTS TO DO: "THE LION IN WINTER" ONSTAGE AT THE WALNUT. Keating, Douglas J. Philadelphia Inquirer12 Jan 1992: I.1.
  97. ^ Pratt, Steve (May 19, 2006). "Not really a team player". The Northern Echo. Darlington UK. p. 15. Archived from the original on January 18, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
  98. ^ CHATTERBOX Stewart, Susan. Philadelphia Daily News 20 Jan 1984: 40.
  99. ^ a b c d GEORGE PEPPARD: Ready, Set, Action Character: [Orange County Edition] Cerone, Daniel. Los Angeles Times 25 Nov 1990: 86.
  100. ^ Peppard drops everything for one-man play: [CITY Edition] Beck, Marilyn. St. Petersburg Times 3 May 1988: 4D.
  101. ^ ON BEING ERNEST PEPPARD AND 'PAPA' HAVE A MESSAGE TO DELIVER: [FINAL EDITION, C] O'Malley, Kathy. Chicago Tribune 31 July 1988: 6.
  102. ^ "George Peppard, Elizabeth Ashley Granted Divorce". Los Angeles Times. February 28, 1972. p. aB.
  103. ^ Peterson, Spenser (March 2, 2015). "Lena Dunham Drops $2.7M on a 1920s Home in West Hollywood". Curbed.
  104. ^ "Lena Dunham Buys House with Hollywood History". hookedonhouses.net. March 12, 2015. Archived from the original on March 24, 2018. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  105. ^ Dickson, James David. "Dozens of headstones knocked over at Dearborn cemetery". Detroit News.
  106. ^ Bang Out of Order ISBN 978-1-90284-321-6 ch. 14
  107. ^ Shipman, David (1972). The Great Movie Stars: The International Years. Angus and Robertson. p. 409. ISBN 978-0207954658.
  108. ^ PEPPARD PROUD AS A LION OVER NEW STAGE ROLE: [SPORTS FINAL Edition] JACK ZINK, Theater Writer. Sun Sentinel 5 Apr 1992: 1F.
  109. ^ "Bafta Awards". awards.bafta.org. Retrieved January 24, 2019.

NotesEdit

  • Ashley, Elizabeth; Firestone, Ross (1979). Actress : postcards from the road. Fawcett Crest.
  • Wasson, Sam (2010). Fifth Avenue, 5 A.M. HarperStudio.

External linksEdit