George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven
Captain George Louis Victor Henry Serge Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven, (6 December 1892 – 8 April 1938), born Prince George of Battenberg, styled Earl of Medina between 1917 and 1921, was a Royal Navy officer and the elder son of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven (Prince Louis of Battenberg) and Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. His subsidiary titles included Viscount Alderney.
The Marquess of Milford Haven
|Born||Prince George Louis Victor Henry Serge of Battenberg|
6 December 1892
New Palace, Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
|Died||8 April 1938 (aged 45)|
|Buried||13 April 1938|
Bray, Berkshire, England
Countess Nadejda Mikhailovna de Torby (m. 1916)
Lady Tatiana Mountbatten
David Mountbatten, 3rd Marquess of Milford Haven
|Father||Prince Louis of Battenberg|
|Mother||Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine|
|Years of service||1904–37|
|Battles/wars||First World War|
Mountbatten was born at Darmstadt in the Grand Duchy of Hesse, then ruled by his maternal uncle Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse. From birth, he was a prince of the Hessian royal family, albeit of a morganatic branch. His siblings were Princess Alice (mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, to whom he was a mentor in Philip's adolescence, a role assumed after his death by his younger brother Louis), Queen Louise of Sweden and Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma.
George followed his father into the Royal Navy, and after passing out from the Royal Naval College at Dartmouth, was promoted to sub-lieutenant on 15 January 1913. He was promoted to lieutenant on 15 February 1914, and served in the First World War. In 1917, his father and several of his relations relinquished their German names, styles and titles in exchange for British peerages at the behest of King George V. Accordingly, Prince George dropped the style of Serene Highness and his surname was anglicised to "Mountbatten." When his father was created Marquess of Milford Haven in late 1917, George received the courtesy title of Earl of Medina, succeeding to his father's peerage after his death in 1921.
He remained in the Navy after the war; he was promoted to lieutenant-commander on 15 February 1922 and to commander on 31 December 1926. In 1932, he retired from active service at his own request, with effect from 9 December of that year. On 6 November 1937, shortly before his death, he was promoted to the rank of captain on the retired list.
An accomplished mathematician, the Marquess "could work out complicated gunnery problems in his head" and "read books on calculus casually on trains". Queen Elizabeth II, his niece-in-law, considered him "one of the most intelligent and brilliant of people".
Marriage and issueEdit
Mountbatten married Countess Nadejda Mikhailovna de Torby (daughter of Russian Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich Romanov and his morganatic wife, Countess Sophie von Merenberg) on 15 November 1916 at the Russian Embassy, Welbeck Street, London. They lived at Lynden Manor at Holyport in Berkshire and had two children:
Legacy to British MuseumEdit
Titles and stylesEdit
- 6 December 1892 – 1917: His Serene Highness Prince George of Battenberg
- 14 July – 7 November 1917: Sir George Mountbatten
- 7 November 1917 – 11 September 1921: Earl of Medina
- 11 September 1921 – 8 April 1938: The Most Honourable The Marquess of Milford Haven
|Ancestors of George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven|
- "No. 28688". The London Gazette. 7 February 1913. p. 960.
- "No. 28802". The London Gazette. 17 February 1914. p. 1273.
- "No. 32613". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 February 1922. p. 1414.
- "No. 33235". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1926. p. 8.
- "No. 33890". The London Gazette. 9 December 1932. p. 7833.
- "No. 34454". The London Gazette. 12 November 1937. p. 7087.
- Hough, p.359
- Quoted in Hough, p.360
- Lynden Manor Berkshire History
- http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/milfordhaven1917.htm, Milford Haven (1917) Cracroft's Peerage. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "No. 30116". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 June 1917. p. 5591.
- "No. 30227". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 August 1917. p. 8208.
- Battenberg family at the Encyclopædia Britannica
- Weir, Alison (1996). Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (Revised ed.). London: Pimlico. pp. 305–307. ISBN 0-7126-7448-9.
- Metnitz, Gustav Adolf (1953), "Alexander", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 192; (full text online)
- Franz, E.G. (2005). Das Haus Hessen: Eine europäische Familie. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer Verlag. pp. 164–170. ISBN 978-3-17-018919-5. OCLC 76873355.
- Franz, Eckhart G. (1987), "Ludwig IV.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 15, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 398–400; (full text online)
- Hough, Richard (1984). Louis and Victoria: The Family History of the Mountbattens. Second edition. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-78470-6.
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Marquess of Milford Haven