Gennaro Verolino

Gennaro Verolino (3 November 1906, in Naples – 17 November 2005, in Rome) was a Roman Catholic bishop and a diplomat for the Holy See.

Verolino in 1951.


Growing up in Acerra, his mother's birthplace, he studied at the seminary there and then at the Jesuit theological faculty in Naples. He was ordained a priest on 23 December 1928 in the private chapel of Francesco De Pietro, Bishop of Acerra. He was soon invited to Rome to study at the Apollinare, graduating in utroque iure and taking up a diplomatic career in the service of the Holy See.

As secretary of the apostolic nuncio Angelo Rotta, he lived in Hungary from 1944 onwards. At risk to his own life and with the support of Rotta and the consent of Pope Pius XII, Verolino saved over 30,000 Jews from the Holocaust[1] by putting them under his diplomatic protection and supplying them with fake passports. For these actions he was the first winner of the Swedish Per Anger Prize in 2004. Yad Vashem also recognized him as Righteous Among the Nations in 2007.[2] Due to an initially reluctant attitude to acknowledge his deeds, this process took several years and its recognition came only posthumous.[3]

From February to November 1948, because the Internuncio Saverio Ritter was ill, he led the Nunciature as chargé d'affaires.[4]

He was appointed titular archbishop of Corinth and Apostolic Nuncio to both El Salvador and Guatemala on 5 September 1951 by Pius XII.[5] He was consecrated bishop by Cardinal Clemente Micara the following October.

On 25 February 1957 he was named Apostolic Nuncio to Costa Rica[6] and on 2 March 1963 Secretary of the Sacred Ceremonial Congregation until its suppression in 1967 during Pope Paul VI's reform of the Roman Curia. He took part in all the sessions of the Second Vatican Council. He resigned from all his positions in 1986 because of age and died in Rome in 2005 at the age of 99. In 2007 he was buried in the episcopal chapel of Acerra cemetery.


  1. ^ Antonio Pintauro (3 September 2010). "Diocesi di Acerra - Una scuola a Budapest per Verolino". Retrieved 2016-12-08.
  2. ^ Gennaro Verolino - Yad Vashem website
  3. ^ Frank Vajda, Saved to Remember: Raoul Wallenberg, Budapest 1944 and After. Monash University Publishing, 2016, page 132. ISBN 978-1-925377-08-8
  4. ^ De Marchi, Giuseppe (1957). Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956 (in Italian). Ed. di Storia e Letteratura. p. 84. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  5. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XXXXIII. 1951. p. 688. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  6. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XXXXIX. 1957. p. 176. Retrieved 22 December 2019.

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