General Grievous

General Grievous is a character and antagonist in the Star Wars franchise created by George Lucas. Grievous was introduced in the 2003 animated series Star Wars: Clone Wars (voiced by John DiMaggio in the second season and Richard McGonagle in the third season), before appearing through computer-generated imagery in the 2005 live-action film Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (voiced by Matthew Wood). Wood reprised his role in the 2008 computer animated series Star Wars: The Clone Wars.

General Grievous
Star Wars character
General Grievous.png
General Grievous as depicted in Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005)
First appearanceClone Wars – "Chapter 20" (2004)
Created byGeorge Lucas
Voiced by
In-universe information
Full nameQymaen jai Sheelal
SpeciesKaleesh cyborg
GenderMale
Occupation
AffiliationConfederacy of Independent Systems
MasterCount Dooku (lightsaber combat)
ApprenticeIG-100 MagnaGuards (melee combat)
HomeworldKalee

General Grievous is depicted as a brilliant military strategist who serves as the Supreme Commander of the Confederacy of Independent Systems' Droid Armies during the Clone Wars. He is a powerful Kaleesh cyborg who has mastered all forms of lightsaber combat under the tutelage of Count Dooku to rival the Force abilities of the Jedi of the Galactic Republic. Grievous harbors an intense hatred of the Jedi and gains a reputation as a feared and ruthless Jedi hunter who collects the lightsabers of his fallen victims as trophies. He develops a rivalry with Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi, whom he clashes with numerous times during the war, and is ultimately killed by Kenobi during their final confrontation in Revenge of the Sith.

The character has become one of the franchise's most iconic villains and his popularity within the Star Wars fandom has earned him a cult following. In addition to the film and the animated series, General Grievous has appeared in various forms of media in the Star Wars Expanded Universe, including novels, comic books and video games. Such works explore his past as a reptilian warlord named Qymaen jai Sheelal who grew to despise the Jedi for causing the plight of his people. A ship crash secretly orchestrated by Count Dooku mortally wounds Grievous and leads to his reconstruction as a cyborg. This origin story was retroactively altered in The Clone Wars, in which it is implied that Grievous willingly augmented his body with cybernetic enhancements to rival the Jedi. Several elements of his original backstory were later reintegrated into the current Star Wars canon.

Development

Creation and casting

"All of these [Star Wars] films have the ultimate 'bad guy,' which is the Emperor, but in addition to that there's the sidekick; being Darth Vader in Episodes IV, V and VI, Darth Maul in Episode I, or Count Dooku in Episode II. So we're always trying to work with a sidekick, an apprentice to the Dark Lord. I came up with the idea of General Grievous as the leader of the Droid Armies. He's an alien in a droid shell, which is sort of an echo of what Anakin is going to become."[2]

George Lucas

In 2002, George Lucas conceived of General Grievous as a powerful new villain for Revenge of the Sith, specifically envisioning the character as a cyborg droid general to reflect and foreshadow Anakin Skywalker's transformation into Darth Vader at the end of the film.[1][2] The only instruction Lucas gave his art department was to make Grievous "iconic" and "scary".[1][2] Numerous illustrations were developed at Lucasfilm, some purely mechanical and others more alien-like in appearance. One drawing presented Grievous as an eight-year-old alien child on a hover chair guarded by two IG assassin droids, which Lucas rejected for not being threatening enough.[2] Another rejected robotic design was ultimately used for Grievous' IG-100 MagnaGuards in the movie.[2]

Two weeks after Lucas' instruction to design Grievous, a sketch made by concept artist Warren Fu was chosen and developed by Lucas for the character's finalized appearance.[1] Fu took inspiration from the top view of a spray bottle for the design of Grievous' face.[2] Fu's sketch was made into a 1-foot (30 cm)-tall maquette sculpture which was then refined into a realistic computer-generated model by Industrial Light & Magic (ILM). This was one of the most complex models ever created by ILM at the time as many of its components were of differing physical qualities. Comparisons have been drawn between Grievous' appearance and Jacob Epstein's sculpture Rock Drill.[3][4]

In the lead-up to Revenge of the Sith, Grievous made his first ever appearance in the season two finale of Clone Wars.[5] The character's voice was provided by John DiMaggio. Grievous would return in a more prominent capacity in the third and final season, with Richard McGonagle replacing DiMaggio in the role.[6]

Numerous actors auditioned for the role of Grievous in Revenge of the Sith. Lucas wanted Grievous to sound as if he was speaking through a cybernetic voice box, so every audition was put through the same computerized layer of processing by Matthew Wood, supervising sound editor at Skywalker Sound, to create a "synthesized timbre".[1] Gary Oldman, a friend of producer Rick McCallum, was initially cast in the role and even completed some voice-over work. Oldman had to drop out of the production due to complications that arose from the rules of union filmmaking in Australia where the film was shot.[7][8]

Having previously performed voices for other Star Wars projects, Wood took Lucas' feedback on the various auditions he modulated and submitted his own under the pseudonym Alan Smithee. Wood approached Grievous as a "classic villain" and used a gruff and harsh voice with an Eastern European accent for his performance.[1] A "gravelly quality" was added to Wood's voice when it was processed.[1] Lucas selected Wood for the role and, since he had bronchitis at the time, instructed Wood to give Grievous an asthmatic cough; this was intended to emphasize the character's organic nature as well as the flawed cyborg prosthetics of the Star Wars prequel trilogy (which would later be refined for Darth Vader in the original trilogy).[1][9] Some of the audio effects for Grievous' cough in Revenge of the Sith were recorded by Lucas himself while he had bronchitis.[1][10] Grievous was created entirely through CGI in the film. During filming, Grievous' dialogue was read off-screen while Kyle Rowling wore a bluescreen or greenscreen suit to perform the character's fight scenes with Obi-Wan Kenobi.[1] Wood would subsequently reprise his role as the voice of Grievous in The Clone Wars animated series and numerous video games.[1]

Characterization

The official Star Wars Databank describes General Grievous as "a brilliant Separatist military strategist and a feared Jedi hunter".[11] He is cruel, cunning, aggressive, murderous, and gains an infamous reputation for his ruthlessness during the Clone Wars.[12][13] Grievous holds the title of Supreme Martial Commander of the Separatist Droid Armies, making him the absolute leader of the Confederacy of Independent Systems' military and the second highest ranking member of the Separatist Alliance (after Count Dooku, the political Head of State).[14] Although he is aligned with the Separatists, Grievous does not care for their political ideals and has professed that he only participates in the conflict to eliminate the Jedi.[13] He harbors a deep-seated resentment of the Jedi and has a vast collection of lightsabers claimed from his many victims as war trophies.[12] Grievous is also short-tempered and has little tolerance for failure or weakness, as he frequently lashes out against and destroys his own battle droids for their persisting incompetence.[15][16]

Grievous' cyborg body was specifically designed to rival the abilities of the Jedi.[17] Standing at 7 ft 1 in (216 cm),[11] his imposing presence serves to instill fear in his opponents to give him a psychological advantage in battle. While he is not Force-sensitive, Grievous has been trained in all forms of lightsaber combat by Count Dooku.[18][19] Each of his mechanical arms can separate in half, allowing him to wield four lightsabers at once to overwhelm his enemies.[20] His cybernetic enhancements give him exceptional strength, speed and reflexes to outmaneuver Force-users and even the Force itself.[11][21][22] In spite of Grievous' physical and acrobatic prowess, Dooku has advised him to retreat should he lose the elements of surprise and intimidation, and thus his advantage, in a fight against the Force-sensitive Jedi.[18] Grievous often heeds his mentor's advice and becomes known as one of the Jedi's most elusive adversaries during the Clone Wars.[11]

Grievous first appeared in Genndy Tartakovsky's Clone Wars before his character traits had been finalized for Revenge of the Sith.[23] According to Tartakovsky, Lucas initially pitched Grievous to him as "this ruthless, totally capable Jedi killer," but later developed the character into "one of those old B-serial villains who does something bad ... twirls his mustache and then runs off."[23] The series depicted Grievous as a nigh-unstoppable fighter capable of dispatching multiple Jedi simultaneously with ease,[21] which contradicted the then-upcoming film's less powerful portrayal of the character. To reconcile these continuity differences, the series finale of Clone Wars sees Mace Windu crush Grievous' chestplate with the Force, damaging his internal organs and providing a reason for both his hacking cough and his weakened state in the film.[24][25][26] However, The Clone Wars would later present Grievous with his cough throughout the entirety of its run.[27]

There remain numerous accounts of Grievous' backstory. Literature in the Star Wars EU written by Warren Fu, the original designer of Grievous, had the general's hatred of the Jedi stem from their role in the plight and enslavement of his people. A shuttle crash orchestrated by Dooku and pinned on the Jedi mortally wounds Grievous and leads to his reconstruction as a cyborg.[17] The Clone Wars would later suggest that Grievous was denied the right to become a Jedi due to his lack of connection to the Force. Writers Dave Filoni and Henry Gilroy postulated that Grievous volunteered for cybernetic modifications to rival the Jedi that rejected him.[28] In the series, Grievous' castle displays statues hinting at his gradual progression as a cyborg.[12] Despite this, Filoni elected to keep Grievous' backstory ambiguous: "I tend to think of the episode "Lair of Grievous" as a look more into the mind of Grievous. How you interpret the story depends largely on what backstory you like. If you believe Grievous was shot down in a shuttle by Dooku and put back together, I think that story is there, it’s just that Grievous has invented this new "story" of choosing his alterations. If you don’t believe in the EU version of the story or didn’t like it, then perhaps this new revelation that Grievous was a warrior whose lust for power made him choose to be altered, suits you better."[28]

Appearances

Film

Revenge of the Sith (2005)

During the Battle of Coruscant, General Grievous holds the kidnapped Supreme Chancellor Palpatine aboard his flagship, the Invisible Hand.[f] Obi-Wan Kenobi and Anakin Skywalker infiltrate Grievous' vessel to rescue Palpatine. After Anakin kills Count Dooku, Grievous traps the Jedi on the battle-torn ship and departs in an escape pod. Grievous succeeds Dooku as the Head of State of the Separatists and has his battle droids take the planet Utapau hostage. At Darth Sidious' request, he relocates the Separatist Council to the volcanic world of Mustafar. Grievous is tracked to Utapau by Obi-Wan and the two engage in lightsaber combat while the Republic's clone troopers battle the droid armies. Before Grievous can kill him, Obi-Wan uses the Force to summon a blaster and shoots the organs housed within Grievous' chestplate, killing the cyborg general.[19]

Television

The Clone Wars (2008–2014; 2020)

 
General Grievous underwent a redesign in the final season of The Clone Wars to more closely resemble his appearance in Revenge of the Sith. This redesign would later be used for his cameo in The Bad Batch.

In season one, General Grievous uses the ion cannons of his flagship, the Malevolence, to attack the Republic fleet.[29][15] He encounters Obi-Wan Kenobi for the first time but is forced to abandon ship when Anakin Skywalker sabotages the Malevolence and sends it crashing into a nearby moon.[30][g] Grievous' next plot to launch a surprise attack on Kamino is thwarted when his battle droids fail to secure a Republic outpost on the Rishi Moon.[32] Grievous later uses a listening post to discover the Republic's military secrets.[33] He engages Ahsoka Tano and her squad of clone troopers while his spy station is destroyed by Anakin.[34][g] In light of Grievous' recent defeats, Count Dooku arranges for Kit Fisto, Nahdar Vebb and a group of clones to infiltrate Grievous' hidden fortress on Vassek to test him. Grievous kills Vebb and the clones but Fisto manages to escape.[12]

In season two, Grievous forcibly boards a Republic cruiser and captures Eeth Koth. Obi-Wan, Anakin and Adi Gallia embark on a mission to rescue Koth and apprehend Grievous.[13] Obi-Wan duels Grievous to a stalemate and pursues him to Saleucami. Although Anakin and Gallia succeed in freeing Koth, Grievous escapes once again.[16][g]

In season three, Grievous and Asajj Ventress lead an attack on the Republic's cloning facilities on Kamino. Grievous defeats Obi-Wan but Anakin and the clones prevent Ventress from securing the DNA sample of the clones' template, forcing the Separatists to retreat.[35][g] Grievous later dispatches a group of infiltrator droids to stage a bombing on the Galactic Senate on Coruscant to sabotage a peace agreement between the Republic and the Separatists.[36]

In season four, Grievous attempts to invade Naboo but is captured by the Gungan army. He is freed in a prisoner exchange after Dooku captures Anakin.[37] Grievous later attacks a Republic cruiser and defeats Gallia, though a rescue team led by Plo Koon frees her from captivity.[38] After Dooku betrays Ventress, he sends Grievous to Dathomir to eliminate Ventress and the Nightsister clan. The droid armies massacre the undead Nightsister forces while Grievous briefly duels Ventress before turning his attention to Mother Talzin. Grievous foils Talzin's voodoo spell against Dooku and kills Daka, the leader of the Nightsisters.[39] Grievous is later seen on Serenno listening to Dooku's concerns about Savage Opress and a disturbance in the Force.[40]

In season five, Grievous defeats the Republic fleet led by Obi-Wan and wins the battle for control over the Florrum system.[41] Grievous launches a full-scale attack on Florrum and captures pirate leader Hondo Ohnaka. When Ahsoka and a group of younglings free Hondo, Grievous pursues and outmatches the Jedi, forcing them to flee.[42] Grievous appears via hologram when the Jedi attempt to decode his transmission regarding an impending Separatist plot.[43]

In the seventh and final season, Grievous leads the Separatist fleet during the Battle of Coruscant after he kidnaps Chancellor Palpatine.[44][h] An unfinished story arc also sees Grievous attempt to obtain a giant kyber crystal on Utapau. Although Grievous defeats Obi-Wan, Anakin manages to destroy the crystal.[45][46]

The Bad Batch (2021–present)

Towards the end of the Clone Wars, General Grievous escapes from the Battle of Coruscant after his attempt to kidnap Chancellor Palpatine is thwarted by Obi-Wan Kenobi and Anakin Skywalker. Retreating into the outer rim, Grievous orders his Separatist armies to mount a counterattack against Republic forces across the galaxy.[47][i]

Comics

General Grievous appears in the four-issue comic book Star Wars: Darth Maul–Son of Dathomir, an unproduced story arc originally intended for the sixth season of The Clone Wars. Grievous is sent by Count Dooku to hunt down the rogue Sith Lord Darth Maul, who has become a threat to Darth Sidious' plans. On Zanbar, Grievous defeats Maul and forces him to flee while the droid armies overwhelm Maul's Mandalorian Death Watch forces. Grievous and Dooku are later lured into a trap by Maul and Mother Talzin to draw out Sidious. Grievous escapes and rejoins Sidious in attacking Dathomir, where Talzin sacrifices herself to help Maul escape before she is killed by Grievous.[48]

Legends

With the 2012 acquisition of Lucasfilm by The Walt Disney Company, most of the licensed Star Wars novels and comics produced since the original 1977 film were rebranded as Star Wars Legends and declared non-canon to the franchise in April 2014.[49][50][51][52]

Clone Wars (2003–2005)

 
General Grievous as originally depicted in Clone Wars

General Grievous makes his first ever appearance in the season two finale.[5] He leads the Separatist droid armies on the planet Hypori as they surround a group of seven Jedi, comprising Masters Ki-Adi-Mundi, Shaak Ti, Daakman Barrek, and K'Kruhk; and Knights Aayla Secura, Tarr Seirr and Sha'a Gi. Grievous elects to face the Jedi alone and easily bests and kills most of them.[21] Before Grievous can finish off Mundi, a squadron of clone ARC troopers arrives to extract the surviving Jedi. Grievous collects the lightsabers of the fallen Jedi as trophies.[53]

In season three, set three years later, Grievous attacks Coruscant in an attempt to kidnap Chancellor Palpatine.[18][54] The Jedi Masters defending the Chancellor include Shaak Ti, Roron Corobb and Foul Moudama.[22] Grievous kills Corobb and Moudama, defeats Ti yet again, and manages to capture Palpatine.[20] As Grievous boards his escape shuttle, Jedi Master Mace Windu arrives and uses the Force to crush Grievous' chestplate, severely damaging his internal organs and giving him his distinctive cough.[5][h]

Literature

General Grievous made his first literary appearance in the comic book "The Eyes of Revolution" from Star Wars: Visionaries, which reveals his origin.[17] Grievous was originally Qymaen jai Sheelal, an organic reptilian humanoid native from the planet Kalee. The Kaleesh were at war with the rival Huk species and Sheelal was considered a demigod by his people for his victories in the Huk War. He fell in love with a female warrior named Ronderu lij Kummar. After Kummar died during a mission, Sheelal realized that he was destined to forever mourn for her and rechristened himself as Grievous. He became a warlord and his swift attacks against the Huk prompted them to turn to the Jedi Knights of the Galactic Republic for help. Hefty fines and embargoes came down upon Kalee and thousands of Grievous' people starved and died in poverty. Appealing to Grievous' hatred of the Jedi and the Republic, San Hill of the InterGalactic Banking Clan enlisted him to serve as their enforcer in exchange for the Banking Clan's help in taking on Kalee's massive debt. Impressed by Grievous' abilities as a fighter, Hill and Count Dooku arranged for his shuttle to crash to ensure his permanent servitude to the Separatists. Dooku convinced the mortally wounded Grievous that the Jedi responsible for his homeworld's plight were the ones who caused the crash. Grievous accepted Dooku's offer to reconstruct him with a cyborg body and became the Supreme Commander of the Droid Armies to seek revenge against the Jedi.[17]

In the third volume of Clone Wars Adventures, Count Dooku pits Grievous against Asajj Ventress and Durge to test his abilities. Grievous swiftly defeats the pair and emerges victorious, earning his position as the Supreme Martial Commander of the Separatist Droid Armies.

Grievous starred in his own comic called Star Wars: General Grievous, in which he fights Jedi Master T'chooka D'oon and his Padawan Flyn. After Grievous kills D'oon, Kybo returns to the Jedi council with a plan to destroy Grievous once and for all. When the council rebukes his vengeful plan, Kybo decides to take this matter into own hands with disastrous results. Grievous also appears in the comics in Star Wars: Obsession issue number 4, in which he is on the world of Boz Pity, where he kills two Jedi, Master Soon Bayts and Jedi Council member Adi Gallia. Though Windu injures Grievous, Dooku is able to save the general so he may fight another day.

In the novel Labyrinth of Evil, Grievous plans an invasion of Coruscant alongside Dooku and Sidious. He first appears in the novel watching his hated subordinate Nute Gunray flee from a pursuant Republic Strike Force. Grievous reluctantly saves Gunray by destroying the fighters. Grievous's invasion of the planet Belderone would also be thwarted by Anakin and Obi-Wan due to a careless mistake on Gunray's part. Though Gunray resorts to lies, Grievous deduces that he is lying and threatens to kill him. Later on the bridge of the Invisible Hand, Dooku watches as Grievous spars his elite Magnaguards. Though Grievous wins the fight, Dooku points out several flaws in the general's technique while realizing he is partly to blame for the general's inadequacies. Grievous soon launches his invasion on the Republic capital of Coruscant in an attempt to kidnap Supreme Chancellor Palpatine, placing himself on the battlefield once again. During the invasion, Grievous battles Mace Windu atop a maglev train while personally trying to capture Palpatine. Though Windu overwhelms Grievous in combat, the cyborg outwits the Jedi Guard and takes Palpatine hostage, setting the stage for Revenge of the Sith.

Video games

General Grievous has been featured in numerous Star Wars video games.

Relationships

Mentorship tree

Reception

General Grievous has become a fan favorite character and is considered one of the most popular villains in the Star Wars franchise.[57][58][59][60][61][62][63]

Several writers have placed General Grievous in "Top 10 Star Wars Villains" lists.[64][65][66] While the character's limited presence in Revenge of the Sith was criticized, his greater role and appearances throughout the Clone Wars in both the 2003 and 2008 animated series were praised for expanding on Grievous' character.[57][58][59][65]

The character's line from Revenge of the Sith, "Your lightsabers will make a fine addition to my collection", has gained popularity as an Internet meme.[67] Amanda Derby from Screen Rant wrote: "Greet a Star Wars fan with the words, "Hello there," and they'll likely respond with, "General Kenobi". This alone is a testament to the popularity of General Grievous. Though it's hard to say whether fans love him for his skill or his meme-ability, there's no denying that Grievous is a favorite."[57]

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ Revenge of the Sith, The Clone Wars, and various video games
  2. ^ Clone Wars (season two)
  3. ^ Clone Wars (season three)
  4. ^ Battlefront: Renegade Squadron and Battlefront: Elite Squadron
  5. ^ Lego: The Yoda Chronicles and Lego: Droid Tales
  6. ^ As depicted in the 2008 animated television series Star Wars: The Clone Wars.
  7. ^ a b c d Dialogue in Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith establishes that Grievous and Anakin are meeting for the first time. As a result, they never meet in The Clone Wars.[31]
  8. ^ a b Leading into the events depicted in Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith.
  9. ^ Coinciding with the events depicted in Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith.

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Behind the Mask of Grievous in Star Wars: Aliens, Creatures & Droids — Exclusive Excerpt". Star Wars Databank. Retrieved May 29, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Creating General Grievous". Star Wars Databank. Retrieved May 29, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Brandon, Laura (2007). Art and War. London, England: I.B. Tauris. p. 123. ISBN 978-1845112370.
  4. ^ Jones, Tim (October 29, 2011). "Lookalike – Bunker Notes". Christchurch Art Gallery. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c "Star Wars on TV: The Original Clone Wars - Page 2". IGN. October 3, 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  6. ^ Young, Bryan (2019). Star Wars: Age of Republic – Villains. New York: Marvel Comics. p. 92. ISBN 978-1-302-91729-6. OCLC 1090442735.
  7. ^ Marc, Christopher (June 11, 2022). "Gary Oldman Says He Was Originally Cast As General Grievous' Voice In The 'Star Wars' Prequels". The Playlist. Retrieved June 15, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Fink, Richard (June 13, 2022). "Gary Oldman On Almost Playing General Grievous In Star Wars Prequels". Screen Rant. Retrieved June 22, 2022.
  9. ^ Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith audio commentary (DVD). 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. 2005. Event occurs at 19.
  10. ^ Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith DVD commentary featuring George Lucas, Rick McCallum, Rob Coleman, John Knoll and Roger Guyett, 2005.
  11. ^ a b c d "General Grievous". Star Wars Databank. Retrieved May 27, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ a b c d "Lair of Grievous". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 1. Episode 10. December 12, 2008. Cartoon Network.
  13. ^ a b c "Grievous Intrigue". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 2. Episode 9. January 1, 2010. Cartoon Network.
  14. ^ "Confederacy of Independent Systems". Star Wars Databank. Retrieved June 4, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ a b "Shadow of Malevolence". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 1. Episode 3. October 10, 2008. Cartoon Network.
  16. ^ a b "The Deserter". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 2. Episode 10. January 1, 2010. Cartoon Network.
  17. ^ a b c d Warren Fu (w). "The Eyes of Revolution" Star Wars: Visionaries (March 2005), Dark Horse Comics
  18. ^ a b c "Chapter 22". Star Wars: Clone Wars. Season 3. Episode 2. March 22, 2005. Cartoon Network.
  19. ^ a b Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (DVD). 20th Century Fox. 2005.
  20. ^ a b "Chapter 25". Star Wars: Clone Wars. Season 3. Episode 5. March 25, 2005. Cartoon Network.
  21. ^ a b c "Chapter 20". Star Wars: Clone Wars. Season 2. Episode 10. April 8, 2004. Cartoon Network.
  22. ^ a b "Chapter 24". Star Wars: Clone Wars. Season 3. Episode 4. March 24, 2005. Cartoon Network.
  23. ^ a b Tartakovsky, Genndy; et al. (2005). Star Wars: Clone Wars – Volume Two (DVD audio commentary). 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment.
  24. ^ Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith DVD commentary featuring George Lucas, Rick McCallum, Rob Coleman, John Knoll and Roger Guyett (DVD). 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. 2005. Event occurs at 28.
  25. ^ Star Wars: Clone Wars Volume Two Connecting the Dots featurette (DVD). Warner Bros. Television Distribution. 2005.
  26. ^ Peeke, Dan (October 3, 2021). "Star Wars: 10 Things You Didn't Know About General Grievous". Screen Rant. Retrieved June 12, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  27. ^ Miller, David (January 26, 2021). "Clone Wars Turned General Grievous Into A Joke Even Before Lightsaber Memes". Screen Rant. Retrieved June 12, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ^ a b "Interviews - Face To Face With The Masters". TheForce.net. Archived from the original on June 8, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  29. ^ "Rising Malevolence". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 1. Episode 2. October 3, 2008. Cartoon Network.
  30. ^ "Destroy Malevolence". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 1. Episode 4. October 17, 2008. Cartoon Network.
  31. ^ Erdmann, Kevin (June 25, 2021). "Why Anakin Skywalker and General Grievous Never Met During The Clone Wars". Screen Rant. Retrieved June 26, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  32. ^ "Rookies". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 1. Episode 5. October 24, 2008. Cartoon Network.
  33. ^ "Downfall of a Droid". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 1. Episode 6. November 7, 2008. Cartoon Network.
  34. ^ "Duel of the Droids". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 1. Episode 7. November 14, 2008. Cartoon Network.
  35. ^ "ARC Troopers". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 3. Episode 2. September 17, 2010. Cartoon Network.
  36. ^ "Heroes on Both Sides". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 3. Episode 10. November 19, 2010. Cartoon Network.
  37. ^ "Shadow Warrior". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 4. Episode 4. September 30, 2011. Cartoon Network.
  38. ^ "Nomad Droids". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 4. Episode 6. October 14, 2011. Cartoon Network.
  39. ^ "Massacre". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 4. Episode 19. February 24, 2012. Cartoon Network.
  40. ^ "Brothers". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 4. Episode 21. March 9, 2012. Cartoon Network.
  41. ^ "Bound for Rescue". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 5. Episode 8. November 17, 2012. Cartoon Network.
  42. ^ "A Necessary Bond". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 5. Episode 9. November 24, 2012. Cartoon Network.
  43. ^ "Secret Weapons". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 5. Episode 10. December 1, 2012. Cartoon Network.
  44. ^ "Old Friends Not Forgotten". Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Season 7. Episode 9. April 17, 2020. Disney+.
  45. ^ The Clone Wars Legacy. StarWars.com. Archived from the original on November 13, 2021. Retrieved June 21, 2019 – via YouTube.
  46. ^ "Star Wars: The Clone Wars - Story Reel: A Death on Utapau - Star Wars: The Clone Wars". Retrieved October 22, 2016.
  47. ^ "Aftermath". Star Wars: The Bad Batch. Season 1. Episode 1. May 4, 2021. Disney+.
  48. ^ Jeremy Barlow (w). Star Wars: Darth Maul–Son of Dathomir (May 21, 2014–August 20, 2014), Dark Horse Comics
  49. ^ Hood, Bryan (December 15, 2015). "Why Disney Blew Up More Than 30 Years of Star Wars Canon". Bloomberg. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  50. ^ "The Legendary Star Wars Expanded Universe Turns a New Page". StarWars.com. April 25, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  51. ^ "Disney and Random House announce relaunch of Star Wars Adult Fiction line". StarWars.com. April 25, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  52. ^ McMilian, Graeme (April 25, 2014). "Lucasfilm Unveils New Plans for Star Wars Expanded Universe". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  53. ^ "Chapter 21". Star Wars: Clone Wars. Season 3. Episode 1. March 21, 2005. Cartoon Network.
  54. ^ "Chapter 23". Star Wars: Clone Wars. Season 3. Episode 3. March 23, 2005. Cartoon Network.
  55. ^ Liptak, Andrew (June 9, 2018). "Star Wars Battlefront II updates will let players fight in the Clone Wars". The Verge. New York City: Vox Media, Inc. Retrieved June 10, 2018.
  56. ^ Hood, Vic (June 9, 2018). "The Clone Wars are coming to Star Wars Battlefront 2". The Daily Telegraph. London, England. Retrieved June 10, 2018.
  57. ^ a b Somers, Jeffrey (December 19, 2019). "Ranking the Major Villains of the Star Wars Universe". Barnes & Noble.
  58. ^ a b Cartelli, Lance (January 29, 2020). "The Greatest Star Wars Villains, Ranked". GameSpot.
  59. ^ McGinley, Rhys (March 16, 2022). "Star Wars: All Of The Major Villains, Ranked By Power". Screen Rant.
  60. ^ Turner, Molly (May 31, 2022). "Star Wars Movie Villains Ranked Least To Most Powerful". /Film.
  61. ^ Roberts, Daniel (December 15, 2021). "7 Popular 'Star Wars' Villains Ranked Worst to Best". InsideTheMagic.com.
  62. ^ Zimmerman, David (May 25, 2021). "Star Wars: All Movie Villains, Ranked By Strength". CBR.
  63. ^ Bate, George (May 5, 2021). "Every Star Wars Movie Villain Ranked Worst To Best: 7. General Grievous". WhatCulture.
  64. ^ a b Crouse, Megan (June 1, 2021). "10 Best Star Wars Villains Ranked". Den of Geek.
  65. ^ Howman, David (May 22, 2022). "10 Star Wars Villains, Ranked By How Evil Their Plans Were". Screen Rant.
  66. ^ "Star Wars Brings Back the Prequels' General Grievous Lightsaber Meme". May 29, 2021.

External links