Gaman (Hindi: गमन, English:Departure) is a Bollywood film released in 1978, starring Farooq Sheikh and Smita Patil in the lead roles and introducing Nana Patekar in a supporting role. It is the directorial debut of Muzaffar Ali, who went on to make Umrao Jaan (1981). The film deals with the issue of the futility of urban migration, using the story of a migrant from Uttar Pradesh to Mumbai, who tries to find a foothold in his new life as a taxi driver.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Muzaffar Ali|
|Produced by||Muzaffar Ali|
|Written by||Hriday Lani|
Shahryar, Makhdoom Mohiuddin(lyrics)
|Edited by||Jethu Mundul|
|Distributed by||Integrated Films|
The film's music was by Jaidev, who won the National Film Award for Best Music Direction in 1979 for his work, and for the Song "Aap ki Yaad Aati Rahi", Chhaya Ganguly won a National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer. Shahryar wrote songs for the film, most notably "Seene Mein Jalan, Aankhon Mein Toofaan", sung by Suresh Wadkar, which highlighted the alienation and broken dreams of the migrant community. Ghazal singer Hariharan made his playback singing debut with the film.
In order to improve their lifestyle, Ghulam Hasan (Farooq Shaikh), who hails from a village near Badaun, decides to relocate to Bombay, on the insistence of his close friend Lalulal Tiwari (Jalal Agha). He leaves behind his ailing mother and wife (Smita Patil). Lalulal helps him get a job cleaning taxis. Ghulam subsequently learns how to drive, and is hired to drive a taxi. In spite of his best efforts, he is unable to save enough money to visit Lucknow and his family.
Lalulal has problems of his own, in spite of being settled in Bombay for several years. Having a sweetheart, Yashodra (Gita Siddharth), he is unable to even rent a decent apartment, and lives in a shanty tenement, which is slated to be demolished by the Bombay Municipal Corporation.
Ultimately, Lalulal and Yashodara are murdered by the latter's family, as the family wants Yashodara to support them instead of marrying Lalulal. Ghulam decides to return to Lucknow, but procrastination prevents him from doing so. Closing shots show him driving his taxi in the city of dreams.
- Farooq Shaikh as Ghulam Hasan
- Smita Patil as Khairun
- Gita Siddharth as Yashodhara
- Sulabha Deshpande as Vasu's mom
- Jalal Agha as Lallulal Tewari
- Protima Bedi
- Nana Patekar as Vasu
- Satish Shah
- Arvind Deshpande
- Amir Bano
- Arun Bhutanatha
- Dinshaw Daji
- Arun Joglekar
- Hridaya Lani
- Hira Devi Mishra
- Nitin Sethi
- Mahabali Singh
All music composed by Jaidev.
|1.||"Aap ki Yaad Aati Rahi"||Chhaya Ganguly|
|2.||"Seene Mein Jalan, Aankhon Mein Toofaan"||Suresh Wadkar|
|3.||"Ajeeb Saneha Mujhpar Guzar Gaya"||Hariharan|
|4.||"Ras ke Bhare Tore Nain"||Hira Devi Mishra|
Awards and nominationsEdit
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|1979||Chhaya Ganguly (for Aap ki Yaad Aati Rahi)||National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer||Won|
- Bhawana Sommya / Jigna Kothari / Supriya Madangarli. Mother Maiden Mistress. HarperCollins Publishers. p. 1973. ISBN 978-93-5029-485-7.
- Gyan Prakash (2010). Mumbai Fables. Princeton University Press. p. 332. ISBN 978-0-691-14284-5.
- "Meet the frownies". Livemint. 28 September 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- Awards imdb.com.
- "26th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals.
- "A song for every mood". Hindustan Times. 7 September 2013. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
- K. Moti Gokulsing; Wimal Dissanayake (17 April 2013). Routledge Handbook of Indian Cinemas. Routledge. p. 254. ISBN 978-1-136-77284-9.
- "`I love to sing'". The Hindu. 5 February 2005. Retrieved 5 October 2013.