Makhdoom Mohiuddin

Makhdoom Mohiuddin, or Abu Sayeed Mohammad Makhdoom Mohiuddin Khudri, (4 February 1908 – 25 August 1969) was an Urdu poet and Marxist political activist of India who founded the Progressive Writers Union in Hyderabad and was active with the Comrades Association and the Communist Party of India, and at the forefront of the 1946–1947 Telangana Rebellion against the Nizam of the erstwhile Hyderabad state.[1]

Makhdoom Mohiuddin
Born(1908-02-04)4 February 1908
Andole, Medak District, Hyderabad State, British Indian Empire
(now in Telangana, India)
Died25 August 1969(1969-08-25) (aged 61)
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
(now in Telangana, India)
OccupationUrdu Poet
PeriodPre and Post Independent India
Autograph of Urdu Poet Makhdoom Mohiuddin.jpg


Mohiuddin lectured at the City College in 1934 and taught Urdu literature. He was the founder of the Communist Party in Andhra Pradesh and is regarded as a Freedom Fighter of India. He also rallied against the monarchy of the Princely State of Hyderabad to merge with the newly liberated Indian Union.[citation needed]

He is best known for his collection of poems entitled Bisat-e-Raqs ("The Dance Floor"), for which he was awarded the 1969 Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu. His published works include the essay Tagore and His Poetry, a play, Hosh ke Nakhun ("Unravelling"), an adaptation of Shaw's Widowers' Houses, and a collection of prose essays. Bisat-e-Raqs is a complete collection of Makhdoom's verse including his two earlier collections Surkh Savera ("The Red Dawn", 1944) and Gul-e-Tar ("The Dewdrenched Rose", 1961)[citation needed]

He is known as Shayar-e-Inquilab' ('Poet of the Revolution'). His ghazals and lyrics have been used in many Hindi films. Among his notable are the romantic ghazals: Ek Chameli Ke Mandve Taley, Aap Ki Yaad Aati Rahi Raat Bhar and Phir Chhidi Raat, Baat Phoolon Ki.[citation needed]

He was also a member of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council from 1956 - 1969 and became opposition leader in Assembly and was one of the most popular political leaders across India. He traveled to most of the European countries that existed under the umbrella of the Soviet Union and also visited Red China. While in Moscow he met Yuri Gagarin and wrote a poem on him.[citation needed]

On 4 and 5 February 2008, programmes were organised in Hyderabad to mark his birth centenary celebrations in which Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya Vibhuti Narain Rai, P. M. Bhargava, and Syed E. Hasnain participated.[2]


  • Sahitya Akademi Award for Urdu Poetry – 1969[3]


  1. ^ Makhdoom Mohiuddin: Revolutionary Poet,Leader and Builder of Communist Movement, in New Age Weekly. Vol. 70 No. 11, 2022 pp. 8-9
  2. ^ "Makhdoom birth centenary celebrations on Feb. 4 and 5". The Hindu. 1 February 2009. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 7 April 2009.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit