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Foreign relations of Djibouti are managed by the Djiboutian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. Djibouti maintains close ties with the governments of Somalia, Ethiopia, France and the United States. It is likewise an active participant in African Union and Arab League affairs. Since the 2000s, Djiboutian authorities have also strengthened relations with Turkey.

Contents

Bilateral relationsEdit

AfricaEdit

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
  Egypt 1977
  Eritrea 1995 See Djibouti–Eritrea relations
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Asmara, Eritrea.
  • Eritrea has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  Ethiopia 1984 See Djibouti–Ethiopia relations
  Kenya
  • Kenya has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  • Djibouti has a consulate in Nairobi, Kenya.
  Morocco
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Rabat, Morocco.
  • Morocco has a consulate in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  Rwanda 2016
  • In March 2016, both countries presidents met to discuss establishing diplomatic relations and possible ways of developing bilateral ties.
  Somalia 1977 See Djibouti–Somalia relations
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Mogadishu, Somalia.
  • Somalia has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  South Africa 1994
  • South Africa and the Republic of Djibouti established diplomatic relations in 1994.[1]
  Sudan
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Khartoum, Sudan.
  • Sudan has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.

AmericasEdit

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
  Antigua and Barbuda
  Argentina 1993
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on August 27, 1993.[4]
  Brazil 1996
  • Brazil and Djibouti established diplomatic relations in 1996. In 2012, an Agreement on Technical Cooperation between the two countries was signed cooperation focus on areas of infrastructure, agriculture, environment, health, education, national solidarity, scientific research, and social development. A Brazilian company was building a port in the Djibouti funding from the United Arab Emirates.[5]
  Canada 1978
  • Canada established diplomatic relations with Djibouti in 1978 following its independence. Canada also has an Honorary Consul in Djibouti City. Both Montreal and Ottawa are home to organized Djiboutian diaspora communities, and there is an active community of returned Djiboutian-Canadians in Djibouti.[6]
  Cuba 1998
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Havana, Cuba.
  • Cuba has a consulate in Djibouti City, Djibouti.[7]
  Dominica 2018
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on January 9, 2018.[8]
  Mexico 22 June 1989
  • Djibouti is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.[9]
  • Mexico is accredited to Djibouti from its embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and maintains an honorary consulate in Djibouti City.[10]
  Panama 2009
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 15, 2009.[11]
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2008
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on August 7, 2008.[12]
  United States 1977 See Djibouti-United States relations
  • Djibouti is a strategic partner of the United States in the Global War on Terrorism.
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Washington, DC and a consulate-general in New York.
  • United States has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.

AsiaEdit

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
  Armenia 22 May 2019
  • In October 2015, both countries Foreign Ministers met to discuss establishing diplomatic relations and possible ways of developing bilateral ties. On 22 May 2019, both countries officially established diplomatic relations.[13]
  Azerbaijan 22 October 1996 See Azerbaijan–Djibouti relations
  • Diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Djibouti were established on 22 October 1996.
  China January 8, 1979 See China–Djibouti relations
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Beijing, China.
  • China has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  India 1977 See Djibouti–India relations
  • Djibouti has an embassy in New Delhi, India.
  • India has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  Indonesia 1979
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1979.[14]
  Iran July 1998
  • In July 1998, Iran and Djibouti signed a letter of understanding to consolidate their political, economic, trade, and industrial ties, but in January 2016 Djibouti cut off all diplomatic relations with Iran due to tensions between Saudi Arabia and Iran.
  Japan 27 June 1977 See Djibouti–Japan relations
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Tokyo, Japan.
  • Japan has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  • Japan's Maritime Self-Defense Force(MSDF) maintains an overseas military base in Djibouti since 2011. Japanese forces in Djibouti is tasked to escort ships and combat piracy on the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea.
  Kuwait
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Kuwait City, Kuwait.
  • Kuwait has a consulate in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  Maldives 2008
  Palestine
  • Palestine has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  Philippines
  Qatar
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Doha, Qatar.
  • Qatar has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  Saudi Arabia
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Saudi Arabia has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  Singapore 1983
  South Korea 7 December 1977
  • Bilateral trade in 2011 amounted to $47,390,000 in exports, and $9,000 in imports.[17]
  Turkey
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Ankara, Turkey.
  • Turkey has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  Turkmenistan 2017
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on July 4, 2017.[18]
  United Arab Emirates
  Uzbekistan 1992
  • Djibouti recognized the independence of Uzbekistan on January 6, 1992. However both countries have not yet established diplomatic relations.[19]
  Vietnam 2008
  Yemen
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Sana'a, Yemen.
  • Yemen has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.

EuropeEdit

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
  Andorra 2009
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on March 17, 2009.[21]
  Belgium
  Croatia 2017
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 25, 2017.[22][23]
  Czech Republic 1997
  Denmark
  • Denmark is represented in Djibouti by its embassy in Addis Ababa.[25]
  • Djibouti is represented in Denmark by its embassy in Brussels.[26]
  Finland 14 March 2007
  France 1977 See Djibouti–France relations
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Paris, France.
  • France has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  Georgia 2000
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on November 22, 2000.[29]
  Germany 1978
  Greece 1981
  • Greece has a consulate in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  • Greek-Djiboutian relations are particularly friendly. The Greek community in Djibouti has significantly contributed to that.[30]
  Iceland
  Ireland
  Malta 2018
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on June 26, 2018.[34]
  Montenegro 26 October 2011
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on October 26, 2011.[35]
  Kosovo 22 March 2013
  • Djibouti officially recognised the independence of the Republic of Kosovo on 8 May 2010.[36] On 22 March 2013 Djibouti and Kosovo established diplomatic relations and vowed to strengthen bilateral co-operation with one another.[37]
  Latvia 2012
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on March 30, 2012.[38]
  Lithuania 1999
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on June 9, 1999.[39]
  Romania 1978
  Russia 1978
  • Russia has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  Serbia 1978
  • Serbia has a consulate in Djibouti City, Djibouti.[41]
  Sweden
  • Sweden is represented in Djibouti by the embassy of France in Djibouti.[42]
  • Djibouti is represented in Sweden through its embassy in Brussels, Belgium.[43]
   Switzerland
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Switzerland has a consulate in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  United Kingdom
  • Both countries have established diplomatic relations.[44]

OceaniaEdit

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
  Australia 1977
  • Both countries have established diplomatic relations.[45]
  New Zealand
  • Djibouti is represented in New Zealand through its embassy in Tokyo, Japan.[46]

International organisationsEdit

Djibouti is a member of the African Union, Arab League, La Francophonie, Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa, and the United Nations.

In 1996, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), a developmental organisation of seven countries in East Africa, established its headquarters in Djibouti City. IGAD's mandate is for regional cooperation and economic integration.

After the terror attacks of 11 September 2001, Djibouti joined the Global War on Terror. It is now home to the Camp Lemonnier military compound.

Djibouti is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98).

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Djibouti (Republic of)". Dirco.gov.za. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Antigua & Barbuda - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". www.dfa.ie. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Antigua and Barbuda - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". www.dfa.ie. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Biblioteca Digital de Tratados". Tratados.mrecic.gov.ar. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Djibouti". www.itamaraty.gov.br. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  6. ^ Government of Canada, Foreign Affairs Trade and Development Canada (18 November 2008). "Canada - Djibouti Relations". GAC. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  7. ^ sources, Independent Cuban journalist and other media. "Cuba News / Noticias - CubaNet News". www.cubanet.org. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations Between the Republic of Djibouti and the Commonwealth of Dominica - Djibouti". www.un.int. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  9. ^ "Welcome to Embassy of the Republic of Djibouti in Washington, D.C. - Embassy of the Republic of Djibouti in Washington, D.C." www.djiboutiembassyus.org. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  10. ^ "Embajada de México en Etiopía". embamex.sre.gob.mx. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  11. ^ https://www.mire.gob.pa/sites/default/files/documentos/Trasnsparencia/gestion-anual-2011-2012.pdf
  12. ^ "Diplomatic Relations Register (2) - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade, and Regional Integration". foreign.gov.vc. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ "KBRI Addis Ababa - Djibouti". Kemlu.go.id. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  15. ^ "List of the Countries with which the Republic of Maldives has established Diplomatic Relations with Dates". www.foreign.gov.mv. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  16. ^ https://app1.mfa.gov.sg/dipcon/pdf/dipconopen.pdf
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ [2]
  19. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan — States with which the Republic of Uzbekistan established diplomatic relations". Mfa.uz. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  20. ^ admin. "- General Information about Countries and Regions". www.mofa.gov.vn. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  21. ^ "Bilateral Affairs". www.exteriors.ad. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  22. ^ "MVEP • Date of Recognition and Establishment of Diplomatic Relations". www.mvep.hr. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  23. ^ "MVEP • Overview of Bilateral Treaties of the Republic of Croatia by Country". www.mvep.hr. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  24. ^ "The Czech Republic's Foreign Policy in 2011: A Brief Overview". Ministerstvo zahraničních věcí České republiky. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2018 – via Google Books.
  25. ^ Sites, Manage One Pages. "Danmark i Djibouti". Manage One Pages Sites. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  26. ^ Denmark, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of. "Ambassadors who presented Credentials to H M the Queen on 16 October 2015". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  27. ^ "New side accreditations to Djibouti and Nicaragua - Ministry for Foreign Affairs". um.fi. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  28. ^ "Embassy of the Republic Djibouti, Moscow - Ministry for Foreign Affairs". um.fi. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  29. ^ "საქართველოს საგარეო საქმეთა სამინისტრო - ჯიბუტის რესპუბლიკა". mfa.gov.ge. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  30. ^ "Djibouti - DJIBOUTI". www.mfa.gr. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  31. ^ "Government Offices of Iceland - Government.is". www.government.is. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  32. ^ "Djibouti - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". www.dfa.ie. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  33. ^ "Djibouti - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". www.dfa.ie. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  34. ^ "Sorry. The page you are looking for does not exist". foreignaffairs.gov.mt. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  35. ^ "Tabela priznanja i uspostavljanja diplomatskih odnosa". www.mvp.gov.me. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  36. ^ Recognition is confirmed by Djibouti, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-05-12
  37. ^ "Republika e Kosovës dhe Republika e Xhibutit vendosin marrëdhëniet diplomatike". mfa-ks.net. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  38. ^ Lobzova, Liene. "Establishment and renewal of diplomatic relations". www.mfa.gov.lv. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  39. ^ [3]
  40. ^ "Diplomatic Relations of Romania - Ministry of Foreign Affairs". www.mae.ro. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  41. ^ "Djibouti". www.mfa.gov.rs. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  42. ^ [4]
  43. ^ [5]
  44. ^ "Djibouti and the UK - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  45. ^ "Djibouti". Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  46. ^ Trade, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and. "Embassy of the Republic of Djibouti". New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 30 December 2018.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit