Firaaq (English: Separation) is a 2008 Hindi political thriller film set one month after the 2002 violence in Gujarat, India and looks at the aftermath in its effects on the lives of everyday people. It claims to be based on "a thousand true stories". Firaaq means both separation and quest in Arabic. The film is the directorial debut of actress Nandita Das and stars Naseeruddin Shah, Deepti Naval, Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Inaamulhaq, Nassar (actor), Paresh Rawal, Sanjay Suri, Raghubir Yadav, Shahana Goswami, Amruta Subhash and Tisca Chopra. It has largely been well received locally and internationally. Firaaq won three awards at the Asian Festival of First Films in Singapore in December 2008, the Special Prize at the International Thessaloniki Film Festival, and an award at the Kara Film Festival in Pakistan. It won two National Film Awards at 56th National Film Awards. The film was banned in Gujarat owing to the communally sensitive subject of the film.
|Directed by||Nandita Das|
|Produced by||Percept Picture Company|
|Written by||Nandita Das|
|Cinematography||Ravi K. Chandran|
|Edited by||A. Sreekar Prasad|
Percept Picture Company
Firaaq follows the life of several ordinary people, some who were victims, some silent observers, and some perpetrators one month after the 2002 violence in Gujarat. It focuses on how their lives are affected and (irrevocably) changed.
The story is set over a 24-hour period, one month after a carnage that took place in Gujarat, India in 2002. This sectarian violence killed more than 900 Muslims and 300+ Hindus (reported), hundreds of thousands were made homeless on both sides.
Khan Saheb (Naseeruddin Shah) is an elderly Muslim classical vocalist, who remains blissfully optimistic of the situation happening around him. His servant, Karim Mian (Raghubir Yadav), tries to alert him to the problems the Muslim community is facing, but Khan Saheb only realises the extent of the trauma upon seeing the destruction of a shrine dedicated to the Sufi saint, Wali Gujarati. A middle-age Hindu housewife, Aarti (Deepti Naval), is traumatised because she did not help a Muslim woman being chased by a mob and finds a way to atone for her sins upon finding Mohsin, a Muslim orphan who wanders the city in search for his family. Meanwhile, her husband, Sanjay (Paresh Rawal), and his brother, Deven (Dilip Joshi), try to bribe police officers to prevent Deven's arrest for gang-rape. Muneera (Shahana Goswami) and her husband Hanif (Nawazuddin Siddiqui), are a young Muslim couple who return home only to find it looted and burnt. Muneera struggles to relate to her Hindu neighbour Jyoti (Amruta Subash) in the following days, as she suspects her for taking part in the looting. Hanif, along with several other Muslim men, plan to retaliate against the violence and their helplessness by searching for a gun to exact revenge. Sameer Shaikh (Sanjay Suri) and Anuradha Desai (Tisca Chopra) are a wealthy, interreligious couple, whose store was burnt during the carnage. They decide to move to Delhi to escape the violence and Sameer comes into conflict with his wife's family over expressing his identity as a Muslim in India.
Through these characters we experience the consequences of violence that impact their inner and outer lives. Violence spares nobody. Yet in the midst of all this madness, some find it in their hearts to sing hopeful songs for better times.
- Naseeruddin Shah as Jaagir Khan Saheb
- Nawazuddin Siddiqui as Hanif
- Inaamulhaq as Munna
- Paresh Rawal as Sanjay
- Deepti Naval as Aarti
- Sanjay Suri as Sameer Arshad Shaikh
- Raghubir Yadav as Karim
- Mohammad Samad as Mohsin
- Shahana Goswami as Muneera
- Amruta Subhash as Jyoti
- Tisca Chopra as Anuradha Desai
- Sumeet Raghavan as Dr. Subhash
- Shafi as Ghogha
- Dr Sridhar Kumar as police cop
- Ruhi Singh as Sakina
- Nassar as Grave Digger
- Dilip Joshi as Deven
- Rahul Singh as Rajat, Ketaki's husband
- Jasbir Thandi as Cop at Lucky's restaurant
- Honey Chhaya as Bapuji
- Sucheta Trivedi as Ketaki
- Sakina as Ruhi
Composed by Piyush Kanojia and Rajat Dholakia, the lyrics of the songs are penned by Gulzar.
|1.||"Meri Gali Mein Andhera"||Sukhvinder Singh||03:43|
|2.||"Gujarat Ke Firaaq Soon Hai"||Jagjit Singh||06:46|
|3.||"Ummeed Ab Kahi Koi Dar Kholti Nahi"||Rekha Bhardwaj||05:41|
|4.||"Daag Daag Ujaala"||Faiz Ahmed Faiz||02:10|
|5.||"Kuchh is Tarah"||Mohit Chauhan, Tulsi Kumar||04:44|
Firaaq won top honours at the Asian Festival of First Films 2008 in Singapore, where it won the awards for "Best Film", "Screenplay / Script", and "Foreign Correspondents Assn. Purple Orchid Award for Best Film". The film has won awards at other international festivals, including the Special Prize award at the International Thessaloniki Film Festival in Greece, the Special Jury Award at the International Film Festival of Kerala, and the Best Editor award for Sreekar Prasad at the Dubai International Film Festival. It won an award at the Kara Film Festival in Pakistan. Gautam Sen for "its perfect use of props and choice of colours to enhance the ambience of a post-riots" won National Film Award for Best Art Direction. A. Sreekar Prasad also won a National Film Award for "aesthetically weaving together unrelated sequences to heighten the dramatic impact" in the Best Editing category at the 56th National Film Awards.
It was released in India on 20 March 2009 and received critical acclaim. Taran Adarsh in his review of the film on Bollywood Hungama called it disturbing, powerful and thought-provoking and gave it 4.5 stars out of five.
|The Times of India|
Awards and honoursEdit
- 2009 Kara Film Festival
- Won – Best Film
- Won – Best Film
- Won – Best Screenplay
- Won – Foreign Correspondents Association Purple Orchid Award for Best Film
- Won – Special Jury Award
- Won – Special Prize (Everyday Life: Transcendence or Reconciliation Award)
- Nominated – Golden Alexander for Best Film
- Won – The Maverick Spirit Award
- 56th National Film Awards (2009)
- 55th Filmfare Awards (2010)
- "Rotten Tomatoes". Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- "The Indian Express". Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- "15 Indian Movies That Got Banned By The Censor Board". ScoopWhoop. 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
- Patrick Frater (10 December 2008). "'Firaaq' scoops Asian fest honors: Indian film picks up multiple awards". Variety. Retrieved 11 December 2008.
- Firaaq wins best film award at Asian Festival of 1st Films. Indiantelevision. 11 December 2008. Retrieved 11 December 2008.
- "PPC's FIRAAQ wins five International Awards". Bollywood Trade News Network. 22 January 2009. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
- "56th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original (pdf) on 15 October 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- "56th National Film Awards (PDF)" (pdf). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- "firaaqthefilm.com". Archived from the original on 2 July 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2009.
- Taran Adarsh (20 March 2009). "Firaaq – Critics Review". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
- Rajeev Masand (21 March 2009). "Masand's movie review: Firaaq is a must watch". IBN Live. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- Martin D'Souza (Bollywood Trade News Network) (20 March 2009). "Firaaq Movie Review". Glamsham. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- "Is Our Country Really Secular?". MouthShut.com. 24 March 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- "There is light beyond the darkness in this movie by Nandita Das". Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- Namrata Joshi. "Firaaq". Outlook India. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- Sukanya Verma (20 March 2009). "Hats off to you, Nandita Das". Rediff.com. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- Nikhat Kazmi (19 March 2009). "Firaaq – Critic's review". Times of India. Retrieved 16 April 2012.