Finistère (/ˌfɪnɪˈstɛər/, French: [finistɛʁ] (listen); Breton: Penn-ar-Bed [ˌpɛnarˈbeːt]) is a department of France in the extreme west of Brittany. In 2019, it had a population of 915,090.[3]

Finistère
Penn-ar-Bed  (Breton)
Prefecture building of the Finistère department, in Quimper
Prefecture building of the Finistère department, in Quimper
Flag of Finistère
Coat of arms of Finistère
Location of Finistère in France
Location of Finistère in France
Coordinates: 48°15′N 04°00′W / 48.250°N 4.000°W / 48.250; -4.000Coordinates: 48°15′N 04°00′W / 48.250°N 4.000°W / 48.250; -4.000
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
PrefectureQuimper
SubprefecturesBrest
Châteaulin
Morlaix
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilMaël de Calan[1] (DVD)
Area
 • Total6,733 km2 (2,600 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
 • Total915,090
 • Rank24th
 • Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number29
Largest cityBrest
Arrondissements4
Cantons27
Communes277
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

HistoryEdit

 
Historical regions of Brittany

The present department consists of the historical region of Léon and parts of Cornouaille and Trégor, both parts of pre-revolutionary Brittany.

The name Finistère derives from the Latin Finis Terræ, meaning end of the earth. In England, a similar area is called Land's End. The Breton name for Finistère, Penn ar Bed, translates as "Head/End of the World" and is similar to the Cornish name for Land's End, Pedn-an-Wlas (Head/End of the country), and also Penfro (English: Pembroke) in Wales (pen = end, bro = country). Finistère is not to be confused with Finisterre in Galicia, Spain, which shares the same etymology.

GeographyEdit

The largest population centre in Finistère is Brest. Other large towns in the department include Quimper (the capital), Concarneau, Morlaix, Carhaix, Quimperlé and Douarnenez. Finistère includes the island of Ushant (Eusa in Breton, Ouessant in French).

Finistère is the westernmost department of Metropolitan France and can also claim to be the "most coastal" department in Metropolitan France. Of its 277 communes, 117 are located on the coast. Its total coastline of approximately 1,250 km (776.71 mi) accounts for almost a quarter of the entire Brittany coast-line.

 
Map of Finistère

The abers, rugged fjord-like inlets on the north coast, are a notable feature of the landscape.

The westernmost point of continental France, known as the Pointe de Corsen, extends from the northwestern tip of Finistère. About 40 kilometres to the south (as the crow flies) is the slightly less westerly, but rugged and isolated, headland of Pointe du Raz.

Principal townsEdit

The most populous commune is Brest; the prefecture Quimper is the second-most populous. As of 2019, there are 5 communes with more than 15,000 inhabitants:[3]

Commune Population (2019)
Brest 139,926
Quimper 63,283
Concarneau 19,816
Landerneau 15,918
Guipavas 15,050

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801439,046—    
1821483,095+0.48%
1831524,396+0.82%
1841576,068+0.94%
1851617,710+0.70%
1861627,304+0.15%
1876666,106+0.40%
1881681,564+0.46%
1891727,012+0.65%
1901773,014+0.62%
1921752,514−0.13%
1936757,000+0.04%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1946724,735−0.43%
1954727,847+0.05%
1962749,558+0.37%
1968769,000+0.43%
1975804,088+0.64%
1982829,865+0.45%
1990838,366+0.13%
1999852,273+0.18%
2006879,497+0.45%
2011899,870+0.46%
2016908,249+0.19%
source:[4][5]

EconomyEdit

Agriculture, food processing and various related industries occupy an important place in Finistère's economy.

The military presence in Finistère (Île Longue nuclear submarine base and the Naval Air base of Lanvéoc-Poulmic), as well as military-related industries, such as the Brest headquarters of DCNS, employ a significant number of the département's population.

The port of Roscoff links Brittany by ferry with Ireland and Great Britain.

PoliticsEdit

Current National Assembly RepresentativesEdit

Constituency Member[6] Party
Finistère's 1st constituency Annaïg Le Meur La République En Marche!
Finistère's 2nd constituency Jean-Charles Larsonneur La République En Marche!
Finistère's 3rd constituency Didier Le Gac La République En Marche!
Finistère's 4th constituency Sandrine Le Feur La République En Marche!
Finistère's 5th constituency Graziella Melchior La République En Marche!
Finistère's 6th constituency Mélanie Thomin Parti Socialiste
Finistère's 7th constituency Liliane Tanguy La République En Marche!
Finistère's 8th constituency Erwan Balanant Mouvement démocrate

CultureEdit

Finistère is the area where Breton survives most strongly as a spoken language. Breton-speaking schools are called Diwan, Divyezh and Dihun.

The Festival de Cornouaille, which takes place in Quimper, is a celebration of Breton music and traditions. One of the highlights of summer in Finistère is the "Festival des Vieilles Charrues" held in Carhaix-Plouguer. Major international stars attract tens of thousands of spectators.[7]

The painter Raymond Wintz (1884–1956) featured many locations around Finistère.

Roland Doré was a sculptor who executed many of the calvaries in Finistère.

TourismEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ a b Populations légales 2019: 29 Finistère, INSEE
  4. ^ "Historique du Finistère". Le SPLAF.
  5. ^ "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  6. ^ "Assemblée nationale ~ les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Archived from the original on 2006-03-18. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  7. ^ "Vieilles Charrues Festival" Archived 2011-02-03 at the Wayback Machine, official website

External linksEdit