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Carhaix-Plouguer

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Carhaix-Plouguer (pronounced [ka.ʁɛ.plu.ɡe]; Breton: Karaez-Plougêr) is a commune in the Finistère department in Western Brittany.

Carhaix-Plouguer

Karaez-Plougêr
The 16th century house of the Seneschal, now the tourist information office
The 16th century house of the Seneschal, now the tourist information office
Coat of arms of Carhaix-Plouguer
Coat of arms
Location of Carhaix-Plouguer
Carhaix-Plouguer is located in France
Carhaix-Plouguer
Carhaix-Plouguer
Carhaix-Plouguer is located in Brittany
Carhaix-Plouguer
Carhaix-Plouguer
Coordinates: 48°16′42″N 3°34′02″W / 48.2783°N 3.5672°W / 48.2783; -3.5672Coordinates: 48°16′42″N 3°34′02″W / 48.2783°N 3.5672°W / 48.2783; -3.5672
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
DepartmentFinistère
ArrondissementChâteaulin
CantonCarhaix-Plouguer
IntercommunalityPoher
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Christian Troadec (UDB)
Area
1
25.81 km2 (9.97 sq mi)
Population
(2008)2
7,654
 • Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
29024 /29270
Elevation69–169 m (226–554 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Carhaix and Plouguer before their merger.

Carhaix is located in the Poher, an important territory of Brittany, sandwiched between the Arrée Mountains to the north and the Black Mountains to the south. The agglomeration developed mainly on a plateau located at 140 meters above sea level, gently sloping towards the west, the highest altitudes being eastwards beyond the agglomeration towards 155-169 meters above sea level. 'altitude. This plateau is limited to the north by the valley of the Hyères (60 meters elevation that imposed the construction of an aqueduct in Roman times to cross it), which flows to 80 meters above sea level, and south by the stream of the Madeleine whose route was taken again by the channel of Nantes in Brest. The Hyères sometimes causes serious floods: in March 1903, the Sainte-Catherine chapel located in Plounevézel but at the limit of Carhaix, had water up to the roof[1] and in 1910 to the stained glass windows.[2] et en 1910 jusqu'aux vitraux[3].

Geologically, Carhaix is located in the center of the Châteaulin basin, which consists mainly of slate and sandstone schists and forms a topographic depression between the Arrée Mountains and the Black Mountains.

Become common to the French Revolution, Carhaix and Plouguer merged in 1956 and took the name of Carhaix-Plouguer. As early as 1862, the municipal council of Carhaix had expressed a wish in this direction.[4].

NameEdit

The name in Breton of the commune is Karaez-Plougêr.

In a charter signed by the Count of Cornouaille, Hoel, to "donate a villa near Caer Ahes, in which is the church of sanctus Kigavus (saint Quijeau),[5] we find the oldest form of name of Carhaix, close and contemporary to those mentioned in medieval novels. The charter is necessarily prior to the death of Hoel (1084). Saint-Quijeau is an ancient trève attached to that of Plouguer in the thirteenth century.

The Breton name is Karaez (spelled Carahes in the eleventh century in a charter of Count Hoel, based on the prefix "Kaer" which means "fortified place"). Carhaix is certainly the city behind the Carahes of medieval texts.[6]

At the time of the Tour d'Auvergne and the nineteenth century, it was believed in Kaer Ahès, the name, Ahès, of the legendary daughter of Gradlon that would have led Ys in his loss.

The main roads leading to Carhaix were therefore often called "paths of Ohès" or "roads d'Ahès" (Bernard Tanguy). Ohès as Ahès are close to the name Hoël. The identification of the place Corophesium, mentioned only in the Annals of Lausanne, is debated (Carhaix or Coray?) For a place of war led by Louis the Pious against the Breton king Morman. It may be that Corophesium represents neither one nor the other, but corresponds, as Léon Fleuriot indicates in his book The Origins of Brittany (1987), to an error of the scribe.

Bernard Tanguy brings Karaes closer to Carofes, attested in Low-Latin for the name of the city of Diablintes and for Charroux (Vienna). It would then be an old * Carofum / * Carofensis (evolution of quadruvium in carruvium), registering Carhaix in its function of road junction. For him, the Corophesium where Louis the Pious surrenders in 818 is a cacography of Carophesium.[7]. Moreover, could the association of Charlemagne with Carhaix in the novel of Aiquin be based on the expedition of his son, Louis the Pious, about which is named Corophesium?

The permanence of the Carhaix crossroads function, together with its decline in the Lower Empire, may explain that, although the city was the capital of Osism, they did not leave their name as it was the case. more often in Gaul.

CultureEdit

The Vieilles Charrues Festival (Literally: Old Ploughs Festival) is held every year in mid-July. This festival is one of the largest music events in Europe, attracting more than 200,000 people every year. It is held in the fields once held by the famille de Saisy de Kerampuil and the festival venue is next to the Chateau Kerampuil.

In continental histories Carhaix is thought to be Carohaise of King Leodegrance and the Roman city of Vorgium. It is at Carohaise that the legendary King Arthur defends Leodegrance by defeating Rience, and meets Guinevere, Leodegrance's daughter. Modern archaeological digs have uncovered evidence of the ancient Roman city including its aqueduct system.

PopulationEdit

 
Population

Inhabitants of Carhaix-Plouguer are called Carhaisiens.

The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the censuses of the population carried out in the commune since 1793. From 2006, the legal populations of the communes are published annually by the INSEE. The census is now based on an annual collection of information, successively covering all municipal territories over a period of five years. For municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants, a census survey of the whole population is carried out every five years, the legal populations of the intermediate years being estimated by interpolation or extrapolation. For the municipality, the first comprehensive census within the framework of the new system was carried out in 2007.

FestivalsEdit

  • The Vieilles Charrues Festival (in July since 1992 in Landeleau and since 1995 in Carhaix) 105
  • The Book Festival in Brittany (organized by the Breton cultural center Egin, takes place on the last weekend of October since 1989)
  • The prize for the City of Carhaix novel, created in 1999 at the initiative of the city of Carhaix, is awarded during the Book Festival. Laureates: Yvon Inizan (1999), Bernard Garel (2000), Jacques Josse (2001), Soazig Aaron (2002), Marie Le Drian (2003), Cédric Morgan (2004), Arnaud Le Gouëfflec (2005), Marie-Hélène Bahain (2006), Sylvain Coher (2007), Francoise Moreau (2008), Tanguy Viel (2009), Herve Jaouen (2010), Gael Brunet (2011), Claire Fourier (2012)
  • In 1948, Polig Montjarret was at the origin of the creation of the second bagad recruited among the railway staff, said bagad of the railway workers of Carhaix, the second after that of Saint-Marc, in Brest.
  • Review Kreiz Breizh, published by the association The Memoirs of Kreiz Breizh. 1st release in 2000.
  • Review Spered Gouez / The Wild Spirit, founded in 1991 by Marie-Josée Christien, published by the Brittany Cultural Center Egin on the occasion of the Book Festival in Brittany.
  • "Regard d'Espérance" magazine, journal of information and reflection, free monthly published since December 1985 by the Missionary Center of Carhaix, published 8,500 copies including interview, chronic history, economic, society, doctor's advice .. .Director of publication: Y. Charles.

EducationEdit

There are about 2680 students in Carhaix,[8] of which 234 attended a Diwan school as of school year 2003-04. Carhaix has one Diwan preschool, one primary school and a Diwan lycée (which is also the only lycée of Diwan). The lycée was from 1994 to 1999 first located in Brest. In 1999 it moved to Carhaix.[9]

Breton languageEdit

The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on April 9, 2004.

In 2008, 21.49% of primary-school children attended bilingual schools.[10]

International relationsEdit

The following places are twinned with Carhaix-Plouguer:

SportEdit

Carhaix is a start of the 5th stage of the 2011 Tour de France.

Every year about 1,000 athletes participate in Huelgoat-Carhaix half-marathon and 10k.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Journal des débats politiques et littéraires n° du 7 mars 1903, consultable http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k4811192.r=carhaix.f3.langFR.hl
  2. ^ Journal des débats politiques et littéraires n° du 7 mars 1903, consultable http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k4811192.r=carhaix.f3.langFR.hl
  3. ^ Le Temps No. 18039 du 19 novembre 1910, consultable http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k240307x.r=carhaix.f4.langFR.hl
  4. ^ Procès-verbal des séances du conseil général du Finistère, session de 1862, [1]
  5. ^ Paul de Berthou, Cartulaire de l'abbaye Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, 2e édition, 1904, consultable sur Gallica.
  6. ^ Goulven Péron, « La bataille légendaire de Carhaix », dans Kaier ar Poher, no 28, mars 2010.
  7. ^ Tanguy, Bernard. Dictionnaires des noms des communes du Finistère. ArMen-Le Chasse-Marée. Article Carhaix-Plouguer
  8. ^ Carhaix en chiffres Archived September 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ (in French) "Diwan Breizh". www.diwanbreizh.org.
  10. ^ (in French) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue
  11. ^ (in French) Huelgoat-Carhaix half-marathon official website

External linksEdit