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A film à clef (or cinéma à clef, movie à clef,[1] film à clé (French pronunciation: ​[film‿a kle], French for "film with a key"), is a film describing real life, behind a façade of fiction.[2] "Key" in this context means a table one can use to swap out the names.

Film à clef is the film equivalent of the literary roman à clef, and the two share the same techniques.[1]

Many films à clef are biopics of Hollywood personalities.[1]


Notable films à clefEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Films à clef - LC Linked Data Service: Authorities and Vocabularies". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  2. ^ Truffaut, François (1994). "The films in my life". Da Capo Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-306-80599-8. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
  3. ^ Smith, Damon (2010). Michael Winterbottom: Interviews. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 98. ISBN 978-1-60473-841-4.
  4. ^ Stam & Raengo 2008, p. 235.
  5. ^ Sara Anson Vaux (2014). Clint Eastwood: A Biography: A Biography. ABC-CLIO. p. 83. ISBN 978-1-4408-2998-7.

Works citedEdit

Further readingEdit