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The Ferrari 166 S was an evolution of Ferrari's 125 S sports race car that became a sports car for the street in the form of the 166 Inter. Only 12 Ferrari 166 S were produced, nine of them with cycle-fenders as Spyder Corsa, soon followed by the production of the Ferrari 166 MM (Mille Miglia) which was made in much larger numbers (47) from 1948 to 1953. The 166 MM was an updated 166 S and went on to score many of Ferrari’s early international victories, making the manufacturer a serious competitor in the racing industry.[3] Both were later replaced by the 2.3 L 195 S.

Ferrari 166 S
Ferrari 166 MM
Ferrari 166MM.JPG
1949 Le Mans-winning Ferrari 166 MM
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Production1948 – 1953
3 (Sport)
9 (Spyder Corsa)
47 (MM)[1]
DesignerCarlo Anderloni at Carrozzeria Touring[2], Carrozzeria Allemano
Body and chassis
ClassSports car
Body styleBerlinetta
Spider
LayoutFR layout
Powertrain
Engine2.0 L (1995.02 cc) Colombo V12
Transmission5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,420 mm (95 in)
2,200 mm (87 in) (MM)
Curb weight800 kg (1,764 lb) (S, berlinetta)
650 kg (1,433 lb) (MM, spider)
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 159 S
SuccessorFerrari 195 S
See also the 166 Inter GT car
See also the 166 MM Berlinetta Le Mans
See also the Ferrari-Abarth 166 MM/53

Contents

DesignEdit

The 166 shared its Aurelio Lampredi-designed tube frame[4] and double wishbone/live axle suspension with the 125. Like the 125, the wheelbase was 2420 mm long. Nine 166 Spyder Corsas and three 166 Sports were built. First two 166 S models were coachbuilt by Carrozzeria Allemano and last one by Carlo Anderloni at Carrozzeria Touring. Majority of 166 MM cars were bodied at Touring in barchetta form.

The 1.5 L Gioacchino Colombo-designed V12 engine of the 125 was changed, however, with single overhead camshafts specified and a larger 2.0 L (1995 cc/121 in³) displacement. This was achieved with both a bore and stroke increase, to 60 by 58.8 mm respectively. Output was 110 PS (81 kW) at 5,600 rpm to 130 PS (96 kW) at 6,500 rpm with three carburetors, giving top speed of 170–215 km/h (106–134 mph).[5][6] For 166 MM power output rose to 140 PS (103 kW) at 6,600 rpm and top speed to 220 km/h (137 mph).[7]

Motor Trend Classic named the 166 MM Barchetta as number six in their list of the ten "Greatest Ferraris of all time".[8]

ExamplesEdit

The oldest Ferrari car with an undisputed pedigree[citation needed] still in existence is s/n 002C, a 166 Spider Corsa which was originally a 159 and is currently owned and driven by James Glickenhaus. s/n 0052M, a 1950 166 MM Touring Barchetta was uncovered in a barn and was shown in public for the first time since 1959 in the August 2006 issue of Cavallino magazine. One 166 MM, 1949 s/n 0018M, was bodied by Zagato in 'Panoramica' style very similar to their one-off Maserati A6 1500. It is considered as first Ferrari coachbuilt by Zagato. A year later it was rebodied as Zagato Spyder.[9] Currently Zagato offers Sanction Lost programme to bring lost designs back to life. The aforementioned car was recreated in 2007.[10]

RacingEdit

Ferrari 166 S won Targa Florio with Clemente Biondetti and Igor Troubetzkoy in 1948. In 1949, Biondetti also won in 166 SC with Benedetti as co-driver. 166 S won 1948 Mille Miglia, also driven by Biondetti, this time with Giuseppe Navone.[11] In 1949 Mille Miglia, Ferrari 166 MM Barchettas scored 1-2 victory with Biondetti/Salani and Bonetto/Carpani respectively.[12] In 1949, the 166 MM also won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the hands of Luigi Chinetti and Lord Selsdon, and so the 166 was the only car ever to win all three races.[13] Another 166 won the 1949 Spa 24 Hours.

A 166 chassis, this time with the bigger 195 S engine, won the Mille Miglia again in 1950 with drivers Giannino Marzotto and Marco Crosara.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ferrari overview by production year and type". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Registro Internazionale Touring Superleggera". Retrieved November 11, 2012.
  3. ^ "1948 Ferrari 166 S". topspeed.com. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
  4. ^ "GILCO Ferrari 166 chassis". Gilco Design. Retrieved August 10, 2006.
  5. ^ "Ferrari 166 Sport". ferrari.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Ferrari 166 Inter Sport". ferrari.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Ferrari 166 MM". ferrari.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  8. ^ "A Perfect 10: The Greatest Ferraris Of All Time". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2017-11-25.
  9. ^ "Ferrari 166 MM Zagato 0018M". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  10. ^ "Ferrari 166 Coupé Zagato Panoramica Sanction Lost". zagato.it. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Mille Miglia 1948 Race Results". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Mille Miglia 1949 Race Results". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  13. ^ "Le Mans 1949 Race Results". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  14. ^ 166 Spyder Corsa from barchetta.cc, last accessed on Nov 17, 2016.
  15. ^ 166 Sport by barchetta.cc, last accessed on Nov 17, 2016.
  • Acerbi, Leonardo (2012). Ferrari: All The Cars. Haynes Publishing. ISBN 978 1 84425 581 8.
  • Buckley, Martin; Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7.